Insee
Informations Rapides · 15 November 2023 · n° 285
Informations rapidesIn Q3 2023, the unemployment rate increased by 0.2 points ILO Unemployment and Labour Market-related indicators (Labour Force Survey results) - third quarter 2023

In Q3 2023, the number of unemployed people as defined by the International Labour Office (ILO) rose by 64,000 over the quarter and reached 2.3 million people. The ILO unemployment rate in France (excluding Mayotte) thus rose by 0.2 points to 7.4% of the labour force. It increased by 0.2 points over the year and stood at its Q2 2022 level, but remained clearly below its peak level reached in Q2 2015 (-3.1 points).

Informations rapides
No 285
Paru le :Paru le15/11/2023
Prochaine parution le : 09/08/2024 at 07:30 - second quarter 2024

In Q3 2023, the unemployment rate increased by 0.2 points to 7.4%

In Q3 2023, the number of unemployed people as defined by the International Labour Office (ILO) rose by 64,000 over the quarter and reached 2.3 million people. The ILO unemployment rate in France (excluding Mayotte) thus rose by 0.2 points to 7.4% of the labour force. It increased by 0.2 points over the year and stood at its Q2 2022 level, but remained clearly below its peak level reached in Q2 2015 (-3.1 points).

Over the quarter, the unemployment rate rose by 0.7 points for people aged 15 to 24, to 17.6%, nearly at the same level as a year ago (-0.1 points). For those aged 25 to 49, it increased by 0.2 points over the quarter and by 0.3 points over the year, to 6.7%. Finally, for those aged 50 or more, the unemployment rate was stable over the quarter and over the year, at 5.1%.

Over the quarter, the women’s unemployment rate increased by 0.3 points, to 7.4%, catching up with the men’s unemployment rate which was virtually stable over the quarter (+0.1 points).

ILO-unemployment rate

ILO-unemployment rate
France (excl. Mayotte) Metropolitan France
2023-Q3 7.4 7.2
2023-Q2 7.2 7.0
2023-Q1 7.1 6.9
2022-Q4 7.2 7.0
2022-Q3 7.2 7.0
2022-Q2 7.4 7.2
2022-Q1 7.4 7.2
2021-Q4 7.5 7.3
2021-Q3 7.9 7.7
2021-Q2 7.9 7.7
2021-Q1 8.2 8.0
2020-Q4 8.1 7.9
2020-Q3 9.0 8.7
2020-Q2 7.1 7.1
2020-Q1 7.9 7.7
2019-Q4 8.2 7.9
2019-Q3 8.3 8.1
2019-Q2 8.4 8.2
2019-Q1 8.8 8.5
2018-Q4 8.8 8.5
2018-Q3 8.9 8.6
2018-Q2 9.1 8.8
2018-Q1 9.3 9.0
2017-Q4 9.0 8.7
2017-Q3 9.5 9.2
2017-Q2 9.5 9.2
2017-Q1 9.6 9.3
2016-Q4 10.0 9.8
2016-Q3 9.9 9.6
2016-Q2 10.0 9.7
2016-Q1 10.2 9.9
2015-Q4 10.2 9.9
2015-Q3 10.3 10.0
2015-Q2 10.5 10.2
2015-Q1 10.3 10.0
2014-Q4 10.5 10.1
2014-Q3 10.3 9.9
2014-Q2 10.2 9.8
2014-Q1 10.1 9.8
2013-Q4 10.1 9.8
2013-Q3 10.3 9.9
2013-Q2 10.5 10.1
2013-Q1 10.3 10.0
2012-Q4 10.2 9.8
2012-Q3 9.7 9.4
2012-Q2 9.7 9.4
2012-Q1 9.5 9.1
2011-Q4 9.3 9.0
2011-Q3 9.2 8.9
2011-Q2 9.1 8.7
2011-Q1 9.2 8.8
2010-Q4 9.2 8.8
2010-Q3 9.2 8.9
2010-Q2 9.3 8.9
2010-Q1 9.4 9.0
2009-Q4 9.5 9.1
2009-Q3 9.2 8.9
2009-Q2 9.2 8.9
2009-Q1 8.6 8.2
2008-Q4 7.7 7.4
2008-Q3 7.4 7.1
2008-Q2 7.3 7.0
2008-Q1 7.2 6.9
2007-Q4 7.5 7.1
2007-Q3 8.0 7.7
2007-Q2 8.1 7.8
2007-Q1 8.5 8.2
2006-Q4 8.4 8.0
2006-Q3 8.9 8.6
2006-Q2 9.0 8.6
2006-Q1 9.2 8.8
2005-Q4 9.1 8.7
2005-Q3 9.0 8.7
2005-Q2 8.8 8.5
2005-Q1 8.6 8.3
2004-Q4 8.9 8.5
2004-Q3 8.9 8.5
2004-Q2 8.8 8.4
2004-Q1 9.0 8.6
2003-Q4 8.8 8.4
2003-Q3 8.4 8.0
2003-Q2 8.5 8.1
2003-Q1 8.4 8.0
  • Estimation within +/-0.3 points of the level of unemployment rate and of its quarterly variations.

ILO-unemployment rate

  • Estimation within +/-0.3 points of the level of unemployment rate and of its quarterly variations.
  • Scope: people living in households, people aged 15 years or more.
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey.

ILO-unemployment rate

Seasonally adjusted, average over quarter
ILO-unemployment rate (Seasonally adjusted, average over quarter)
ILO-unemployment rate (%) Variation in points over Thousands
2023Q2 2023Q3 2023Q2 2022Q3 2019Q4 2023Q3
Unemployed persons 7.2 7.4 0.2 0.2 -0.8 2,285
  15-24 years 16.9 17.6 0.7 -0.1 -4.1 598
  25-49 years 6.5 6.7 0.2 0.3 -0.6 1,185
  50 years and more 5.1 5.1 0.0 0.0 -0.7 502
Men 7.3 7.4 0.1 -0.1 -0.9 1,165
  15-24 years 17.8 18.7 0.9 -0.4 -1.8 341
  25-49 years 6.4 6.4 0.0 -0.1 -1.0 578
  50 years and more 5.0 5.0 0.0 0.0 -1.0 245
Women 7.1 7.4 0.3 0.4 -0.7 1,120
  15-24 years 15.9 16.4 0.5 0.4 -6.8 256
  25-49 years 6.7 7.0 0.3 0.7 -0.2 607
  50 years and more 5.2 5.3 0.1 0.0 -0.3 257
Long-term unemployed persons 1.8 1.8 0.0 -0.2 -0.4 539
  • Scope : people living in ordinary housings, aged 15 years or more in France excluding Mayotte
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey

The halo around unemployment increased slightly over the quarter

Among the inactive people as defined by the ILO, 2.0 millions wanted a job without being considered unemployed, because they either did not seek a job or were not immediately available: they made up the halo around unemployment. This number increased slightly over the quarter (+39,000) and sharply over the year (+164,000). The share of halo in the population of people aged 15 to 64 was stable over the quarter, at 4.7%, and stood 0.4 points above its level from a year ago. Among young people, the share of halo increased by 1.1 points over the year to 7.3%. For those aged 25 to 49, it rose by 0.3 points over the year to 4.8%. For those aged 50 to 64, it was stable over the year at 3.1%

People in the halo of unemployment

People in the halo of unemployment
People aged 15 and over in the halo around unemployment (in thousands) (left scale) Share of the population aged 15 to 64 years (in %) (right scale)
2023-Q3 2002 4.7
2023-Q2 1963 4.7
2023-Q1 1962 4.6
2022-Q4 1893 4.5
2022-Q3 1838 4.3
2022-Q2 1873 4.4
2022-Q1 1844 4.4
2021-Q4 1910 4.5
2021-Q3 1866 4.4
2021-Q2 2028 4.8
2021-Q1 2038 4.8
2020-Q4 2058 4.9
2020-Q3 2018 4.8
2020-Q2 2863 6.9
2020-Q1 2022 4.8
2019-Q4 1993 4.7
2019-Q3 1939 4.6
2019-Q2 1853 4.4
2019-Q1 1780 4.2
2018-Q4 1883 4.5
2018-Q3 1887 4.5
2018-Q2 1861 4.4
2018-Q1 1880 4.5
2017-Q4 1872 4.5
2017-Q3 1821 4.4
2017-Q2 1867 4.5
2017-Q1 1893 4.6
2016-Q4 1855 4.5
2016-Q3 1883 4.5
2016-Q2 1877 4.5
2016-Q1 1821 4.4
2015-Q4 1777 4.3
2015-Q3 1794 4.3
2015-Q2 1812 4.3
2015-Q1 1854 4.4
2014-Q4 1778 4.3
2014-Q3 1789 4.3
2014-Q2 1692 4.0
2014-Q1 1732 4.2
2013-Q4 1697 4.1
2013-Q3 1688 4.0
2013-Q2 1626 3.9
2013-Q1 1582 3.8
2012-Q4 1594 3.8
2012-Q3 1592 3.8
2012-Q2 1539 3.7
2012-Q1 1575 3.8
2011-Q4 1586 3.8
2011-Q3 1576 3.8
2011-Q2 1587 3.8
2011-Q1 1588 3.8
2010-Q4 1541 3.7
2010-Q3 1576 3.8
2010-Q2 1606 3.9
2010-Q1 1565 3.8
2009-Q4 1608 3.9
2009-Q3 1563 3.8
2009-Q2 1535 3.7
2009-Q1 1501 3.6
2008-Q4 1454 3.5
2008-Q3 1475 3.6
2008-Q2 1433 3.5
2008-Q1 1480 3.6
2007-Q4 1446 3.5
2007-Q3 1436 3.5
2007-Q2 1524 3.7
2007-Q1 1497 3.7
2006-Q4 1585 3.9
2006-Q3 1501 3.7
2006-Q2 1527 3.7
2006-Q1 1528 3.8
2005-Q4 1493 3.7
2005-Q3 1480 3.7
2005-Q2 1520 3.8
2005-Q1 1521 3.8
2004-Q4 1541 3.8
2004-Q3 1574 3.9
2004-Q2 1570 3.9
2004-Q1 1561 3.9
2003-Q4 1530 3.8
2003-Q3 1527 3.8
2003-Q2 1433 3.6
2003-Q1 1498 3.8

People in the halo of unemployment

  • Scope: people living in households in France excluding Mayotte, people aged 15 years or over
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey

The long-term unemployment rate was stable

Among the unemployed, 539,000 people on average in Q3 2023 declared being jobless and having been job seeking for at least one year. This number decreased barely over the quarter. Thus, the long-term unemployment rate was stable over the quarter at 1.8% of the labour force. It stood 0.2 points below its Q3 2022 level and at its lowest since Q1 2009 (1.7%), with the exception of the exceptional artificial drop in Q2 2020 (1.4%) during the first lockdown.

The 15-64 employment rate fell back slightly

On average, in Q3 2023, the employment rate of people aged 15 to 64 stood at 68.3%. It fell back slightly over the quarter (-0.2 points), reaching its level of a year ago. It remained clearly higher than its pre-crisis level (+1.5 points compared to Q4 2019).

Over the quarter, the employment rate of young people rebounded (+0.3 points) and reached 35.3%, 0.4 points above its level a year ago. However, for people aged 25 to 49, the employment rate fell sharply over the quarter, by 0.6 points, and stood at 82.2%, 0.5 points below its level a year ago. Finally, for those aged 50 to 64, it increased very slightly over the quarter (+0.1 points), bringing the year-on-year rise to 0.7 points. It stood at 66.9%, its highest level since INSEE started measuring it (1975). In particular, the employment rate for people aged 55 to 64 rose by 0.3 points over the quarter and by 1.4 points over the year.

Employment rate by age group

Employment rate by age group
15-24 years old 15-64 years old 25-49 years old 50-64 years old
2023-Q3 35.3 68.3 82.2 66.9
2023-Q2 35.0 68.5 82.8 66.8
2023-Q1 35.2 68.6 82.9 66.5
2022-Q4 35.1 68.4 82.7 66.2
2022-Q3 34.9 68.3 82.7 66.2
2022-Q2 34.8 68.0 82.3 65.9
2022-Q1 34.5 67.9 82.4 65.5
2021-Q4 33.9 67.8 82.3 65.6
2021-Q3 33.3 67.6 82.1 65.4
2021-Q2 31.8 67.1 81.8 65.1
2021-Q1 30.5 66.7 81.4 65.2
2020-Q4 29.4 66.5 81.5 64.9
2020-Q3 29.0 65.8 80.7 64.2
2020-Q2 26.9 65.2 80.3 64.2
2020-Q1 30.3 66.9 81.9 64.6
2019-Q4 29.8 66.8 82.0 64.5
2019-Q3 29.8 66.1 81.2 63.4
2019-Q2 30.2 66.3 81.4 63.7
2019-Q1 30.4 66.3 81.3 63.6
2018-Q4 30.8 66.3 81.2 63.4
2018-Q3 30.3 66.2 81.1 63.4
2018-Q2 29.9 66.0 81.0 63.1
2018-Q1 29.8 66.0 80.9 63.1
2017-Q4 29.8 66.0 81.0 63.0
2017-Q3 29.3 65.5 80.7 62.2
2017-Q2 28.9 65.6 80.9 62.4
2017-Q1 28.7 65.1 80.3 61.7
2016-Q4 28.5 65.0 80.2 61.6
2016-Q3 28.0 65.1 80.5 61.7
2016-Q2 28.6 65.0 80.2 61.4
2016-Q1 28.5 65.0 80.2 61.3
2015-Q4 28.5 64.8 80.1 60.8
2015-Q3 28.6 64.8 80.1 60.9
2015-Q2 28.3 64.6 79.9 60.6
2015-Q1 28.5 64.6 80.0 60.3
2014-Q4 27.7 64.5 80.2 60.1
2014-Q3 28.1 64.4 80.1 59.7
2014-Q2 28.1 64.6 80.5 59.5
2014-Q1 28.5 64.6 80.8 59.1
2013-Q4 28.6 64.5 80.6 58.8
2013-Q3 28.4 64.5 80.8 58.6
2013-Q2 28.2 64.3 80.7 58.4
2013-Q1 28.2 64.3 80.5 58.3
2012-Q4 28.2 64.5 80.8 58.6
2012-Q3 28.4 64.4 80.8 58.1
2012-Q2 28.6 64.3 81.0 57.7
2012-Q1 28.9 64.3 81.1 57.2
2011-Q4 29.1 64.2 81.3 56.6
2011-Q3 29.7 64.2 81.4 55.9
2011-Q2 29.9 64.3 81.8 55.3
2011-Q1 29.5 64.3 82.0 55.3
2010-Q4 30.1 64.3 81.9 55.1
2010-Q3 29.6 64.4 82.2 55.3
2010-Q2 30.2 64.4 82.1 54.9
2010-Q1 30.4 64.4 82.2 54.6
2009-Q4 30.0 64.1 82.0 54.2
2009-Q3 30.1 64.3 82.2 54.2
2009-Q2 30.7 64.6 82.3 54.8
2009-Q1 31.0 64.8 82.8 54.5
2008-Q4 31.3 65.3 83.5 54.6
2008-Q3 31.3 65.2 83.6 54.1
2008-Q2 31.3 65.3 83.8 54.0
2008-Q1 32.0 65.4 83.7 54.0
2007-Q4 32.0 65.2 83.1 54.2
2007-Q3 31.6 64.8 82.6 54.3
2007-Q2 30.7 64.6 82.4 54.3
2007-Q1 30.4 64.4 82.2 54.1
2006-Q4 30.0 64.4 82.1 54.6
2006-Q3 30.2 64.2 82.0 54.1
2006-Q2 30.0 64.0 81.6 54.0
2006-Q1 29.7 63.9 81.4 54.3
2005-Q4 30.4 64.0 81.3 54.0
2005-Q3 30.0 64.1 81.4 54.5
2005-Q2 31.2 64.3 81.2 54.9
2005-Q1 30.1 64.3 81.3 55.2
2004-Q4 30.7 64.2 81.1 55.0
2004-Q3 30.9 64.3 81.1 54.8
2004-Q2 30.4 64.3 81.5 54.0
2004-Q1 30.6 64.2 81.1 54.3
2003-Q4 30.6 64.2 81.3 54.1
2003-Q3 31.0 64.3 81.2 54.1
2003-Q2 31.2 64.4 81.2 54.3
2003-Q1 32.1 64.7 81.2 54.7

Employment rate by age group

  • Scope: people living in households in France excluding Mayotte, people aged 15-64 years.
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey.

The share of part-time employment rate rose very slightly

In Q3 2023, the full-time employment rate fell back by 0.3 points, to 56.9%, after having reached in the previous quarter its highest level since INSEE started measuring it on a quarterly basis (2003). It stood 0.2 points below its level a year ago, at the same level as in Q1 2023. As a result, the share of part-time employment in total employment increased by 0.1 points over the quarter, to 17.4%. This share stood at the same level as in Q1 2023 and 1.4 points below its level at the end of 2019.

Underemployment barely decreased over the quarter

In Q3 2023, 4.4% of employed people were underemployed. This share was virtually stable over the quarter as over a year (-0.1 points) and stood 1.5 points below its pre-crisis level (at the end of 2019).

On average, in Q3 2023, 16.9% of participants in the labour market (active people or in the halo around unemployment) were constrained in their labour supply, either by the absence of a job (unemployed or halo around unemployment), or in a situation of underemployment. This share rose by 0.2 points over the quarter and by 0.5 points over the year but remained 2.0 points below its pre‑crisis level.

From unemployment to labour market supply constraint: shares among participants (employment, unemployment, halo) in the labour market

From unemployment to labour market supply constraint: shares among participants (employment, unemployment, halo) in the labour market
Unemployment Unemployment + halo labour market supply constraint (unemployment + halo + underemployment)
2023-Q3 7.0 13.1 16.9
2023-Q2 6.8 12.8 16.7
2023-Q1 6.8 12.7 16.6
2022-Q4 6.8 12.6 16.5
2022-Q3 6.9 12.5 16.4
2022-Q2 7.1 12.8 16.8
2022-Q1 7.0 12.7 16.8
2021-Q4 7.1 12.9 17.2
2021-Q3 7.5 13.2 17.8
2021-Q2 7.5 13.7 19.9
2021-Q1 7.7 14.0 20.9
2020-Q4 7.6 14.0 20.9
2020-Q3 8.5 14.7 20.8
2020-Q2 6.6 15.5 28.7
2020-Q1 7.5 13.7 20.0
2019-Q4 7.8 13.9 18.9
2019-Q3 7.9 13.9 19.0
2019-Q2 8.0 13.8 18.7
2019-Q1 8.4 13.8 18.8
2018-Q4 8.3 14.1 19.6
2018-Q3 8.5 14.3 19.7
2018-Q2 8.7 14.4 20.0
2018-Q1 8.8 14.6 20.3
2017-Q4 8.5 14.4 19.8
2017-Q3 9.0 14.7 20.7
2017-Q2 9.0 14.9 20.7
2017-Q1 9.1 15.1 20.9
2016-Q4 9.5 15.3 21.3
2016-Q3 9.4 15.3 21.4
2016-Q2 9.5 15.4 21.7
2016-Q1 9.7 15.5 21.6
2015-Q4 9.7 15.3 21.7
2015-Q3 9.8 15.5 21.8
2015-Q2 10.0 15.6 22.0
2015-Q1 9.8 15.6 21.8
2014-Q4 9.9 15.5 21.7
2014-Q3 9.8 15.4 21.6
2014-Q2 9.7 15.0 21.1
2014-Q1 9.7 15.1 21.2
2013-Q4 9.7 15.0 21.1
2013-Q3 9.8 15.1 21.3
2013-Q2 10.0 15.1 21.2
2013-Q1 9.9 14.9 21.3
2012-Q4 9.7 14.8 20.7
2012-Q3 9.3 14.4 20.3
2012-Q2 9.3 14.2 20.3
2012-Q1 9.0 14.1 19.9
2011-Q4 8.9 14.0 20.0
2011-Q3 8.8 13.9 19.8
2011-Q2 8.7 13.8 19.7
2011-Q1 8.7 13.9 19.3
2010-Q4 8.8 13.7 20.2
2010-Q3 8.8 13.9 20.2
2010-Q2 8.8 14.0 20.2
2010-Q1 8.9 14.0 20.6
2009-Q4 9.1 14.3 20.5
2009-Q3 8.7 13.8 20.0
2009-Q2 8.8 13.7 19.8
2009-Q1 8.2 13.1 19.0
2008-Q4 7.4 12.1 17.9
2008-Q3 7.1 11.9 17.5
2008-Q2 7.0 11.7 17.3
2008-Q1 6.9 11.7 17.1
2007-Q4 7.2 11.9 17.5
2007-Q3 7.6 12.3 17.8
2007-Q2 7.7 12.8 18.1
2007-Q1 8.1 13.0 18.4
2006-Q4 7.9 13.2 18.4
2006-Q3 8.5 13.5 18.8
2006-Q2 8.5 13.6 18.6
2006-Q1 8.7 13.8 18.7
2005-Q4 8.7 13.6 18.5
2005-Q3 8.6 13.5 18.5
2005-Q2 8.4 13.4 18.4
2005-Q1 8.2 13.3 18.5
2004-Q4 8.5 13.6 18.7
2004-Q3 8.4 13.7 18.8
2004-Q2 8.3 13.6 18.6
2004-Q1 8.5 13.8 18.7
2003-Q4 8.3 13.5 18.6
2003-Q3 8.0 13.2 17.9
2003-Q2 8.1 13.0 17.5
2003-Q1 8.0 13.0 17.6

From unemployment to labour market supply constraint: shares among participants (employment, unemployment, halo) in the labour market

  • Scope: France excluding Mayotte, people from households, aged 15 to 64.
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey.

In Q3 2023, the average number of hours worked per job rebounded slightly over the quarter (+1.3 % after -1.0%) to 31.4 hours per week (adjusted for seasonal variations and calendar effects). It was barely above its pre-crisis level (31.3 hours per week in Q4 2019).

Average number of worked hours per week and job

Average number of worked hours per week and job
2023-Q3 31.4
2023-Q2 31.0
2023-Q1 31.3
2022-Q4 31.3
2022-Q3 31.1
2022-Q2 31.1
2022-Q1 31.0
2021-Q4 30.6
2021-Q3 30.8
2021-Q2 30.4
2021-Q1 30.2
2020-Q4 30.5
2020-Q3 31.2
2020-Q2 27.0
2020-Q1 29.9
2019-Q4 31.3
2019-Q3 31.2
2019-Q2 31.8
2019-Q1 31.6
2018-Q4 31.3
2018-Q3 31.6
2018-Q2 31.5
2018-Q1 31.5
2017-Q4 31.5
2017-Q3 31.2
2017-Q2 31.2
2017-Q1 31.3
2016-Q4 31.4
2016-Q3 31.2
2016-Q2 31.2
2016-Q1 31.4
2015-Q4 31.1
2015-Q3 31.2
2015-Q2 31.3
2015-Q1 31.2
2014-Q4 31.5
2014-Q3 31.0
2014-Q2 31.3
2014-Q1 31.3

Average number of worked hours per week and job

  • Scope: France excluding Mayotte, employed people from households, aged 15 to 64.
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey

Permanent employment rate was virtually stable over the quarter, fixed-term employment decreased

The permanent employment rate for people aged 15 to 64 was virtually stable over the quarter (‑0.1 points), at 50.4%. It stood 0.2 points above its level a year ago and 0.6 points above its pre-crisis level (end of 2019). The employment rate on fixed-term contract or temporary work decreased slightly (-0.2 points to 6.6%) while the employment rate on fixed-term contract or temporary work was virtually stable (‑0.1 points to 8.4%). The work-study employment rate was stable over the quarter (at 2.4%).

ILO employment rate in the population aged 15-64 years

Seasonally adjusted, average over quarter
ILO employment rate in the population aged 15-64 years (Seasonally adjusted, average over quarter)
% of people in the age group Variation in points from
2023Q2 2023Q3 2023Q2 2022Q3 2019Q4
Employed people 68.5 68.3 -0.2 0.0 1.5
by sex
Men 70.9 71.0 0.1 0.1 1.8
Women 66.2 65.7 -0.5 -0.1 1.2
by age
15-24 years 35.0 35.3 0.3 0.4 5.5
25-49 years 82.8 82.2 -0.6 -0.5 0.2
50-64 years 66.8 66.9 0.1 0.7 2.4
Included : 55-64 years 58.4 58.7 0.3 1.4 3.3
by type of employment contract
Permanent 50.5 50.4 -0.1 0.2 0.6
Fixed-term 5.4 5.3 -0.1 -0.2 -0.1
Temporary 1.3 1.4 0.1 -0.1 0.0
Work-study 2.4 2.4 0.0 0.1 0.7
Self-employed 8.5 8.4 -0.1 -0.1 0.4
No contract 0.4 0.4 0.0 0.1 -0.1
by contractual working time
Full-time employment 57.2 56.9 -0.3 -0.2 2.3
Part-time employment 11.3 11.4 0.1 0.2 -0.8
Full-time equivalent employment rate 63.9 63.6 -0.3 -0.1 1.8
  • Scope: people living in ordinary housings, aged 15 to 64 years, in France excluding Mayotte
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey

The activity rate fell back very slightly over the quarter

The activity rate of people aged 15 to 64 fell back very slightly over the quarter (-0.1 points), to 73.8%, after having reached in the previous quarter its highest level since INSEE started measuring it (1975). It stood almost at its Q3 2022 level (+0.1 points) and 1.0 point above its end of 2019 level.

Over the quarter, the activity rate for people aged 15 to 24 rose (+0.8 points), to 42.9% . It was stable for those aged 50 to 64, at 70.5%, and fell back sharply for those aged 25 to 49 (-0.5 points), to 88.1%. Over the year, the activity rate increased for those aged 50 to 64 (+0.6 points) and for those aged 15 to 24 (+0.5 points) while it decreased slightly for those aged 25 to 49 (‑0.2 points).

ILO activity rate in the population aged 15-64 years

Seasonally adjusted, average over quarter
ILO activity rate in the population aged 15-64 years (Seasonally adjusted, average over quarter)
% of people in the age group Variation in points over
2023Q2 2023Q3 2023Q2 2022Q3 2019Q4
Active people 73.9 73.8 -0.1 0.1 1.0
by sex
Men 76.6 76.7 0.1 0.0 1.1
Women 71.3 71.0 -0.3 0.2 0.8
by age
15-24 years 42.1 42.9 0.8 0.5 4.8
25-49 years 88.6 88.1 -0.5 -0.2 -0.4
50-64 years 70.5 70.5 0.0 0.6 2.0
included : 55-64 years 61.7 62.0 0.3 1.4 2.8
  • Scope: people living in ordinary housings, aged 15 to 64 years, in France excluding Mayotte
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey

The share of young people neither in employment nor in education or training was virtually stable

In Q3 2023, the share of young people aged 15 to 29 neither in employment nor in education or training (NEET) was virtually stable (+0.1 points), at 12.3%. This share stood 0.7 points above its Q3 2022 level and at the same level as at the end of 2019.

Share of people aged 15 to 29 neither in employment nor in education or training (NEET)

Share of people aged 15 to 29 neither in employment nor in education or training (NEET)
2023-Q3 12.3
2023-Q2 12.2
2023-Q1 12.3
2022-Q4 12.5
2022-Q3 11.6
2022-Q2 12.0
2022-Q1 11.9
2021-Q4 12.3
2021-Q3 12.3
2021-Q2 13.0
2021-Q1 13.4
2020-Q4 12.7
2020-Q3 13.5
2020-Q2 15.6
2020-Q1 12.4
2019-Q4 12.3
2019-Q3 12.8
2019-Q2 12.3
2019-Q1 12.5
2018-Q4 12.8
2018-Q3 13.3
2018-Q2 12.9
2018-Q1 13.2
2017-Q4 13.0
2017-Q3 13.3
2017-Q2 13.7
2017-Q1 13.3
2016-Q4 13.9
2016-Q3 13.5
2016-Q2 13.8
2016-Q1 13.8
2015-Q4 14.2
2015-Q3 14.1
2015-Q2 14.0
2015-Q1 14.0
2014-Q4 13.7
2014-Q3 13.5
2014-Q2 13.3
2014-Q1 13.7

Share of people aged 15 to 29 neither in employment nor in education or training (NEET)

  • Scope: France excluding Mayotte, people from households, aged 15 to 29.
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey

Revisions and next estimate

Compared to the first estimate published on 11 August 2023, the ILO unemployment rate in Q2 2023 remained unchanged at 7.2%.

The activity rate for people aged 15 to 64 also remained unchanged while the employment rate has been revised downwards by 0.1 points to 68.5%. This adjustment is due to the usual updating of seasonal adjustment coefficients.

The next publication, relative to Q4 2023, is scheduled for 13 February 2024 at 7:30 am.

For further information

An unemployed person according to the International Labour Office (ILO) is someone aged 15 or more who is not employed during the reference week, is available to work within two weeks and looked actively for a job in the previous month (or has found a job beginning in less than three months).

The average number of hours worked has been adjusted for both seasonal variations (to account for structural differences in working time during a given period, for example, in August of each year) and calendar effects (to consider the calendar specificity of the year, for example, the position of public holidays on a given day of the week). This adjustment has been made using an econometric model.

A NEET (neither in employment nor in education or training) person who is not in employment, education or training (formal or non-formal).

Pour en savoir plus

An unemployed person according to the International Labour Office (ILO) is someone aged 15 or more who is not employed during the reference week, is available to work within two weeks and looked actively for a job in the previous month (or has found a job beginning in less than three months).

The average number of hours worked has been adjusted for both seasonal variations (to account for structural differences in working time during a given period, for example, in August of each year) and calendar effects (to consider the calendar specificity of the year, for example, the position of public holidays on a given day of the week). This adjustment has been made using an econometric model.

A NEET (neither in employment nor in education or training) person who is not in employment, education or training (formal or non-formal).

: bureau-de-presse@insee.fr
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