Insee
Informations Rapides · 25 May 2023 · n° 131
Informations rapidesIn May 2023, the business climate has deteriorated again in services Monthly survey of services - May 2023

According to the business managers surveyed in May 2023, the business climate has deteriorated in services, for the third month in a row. At 101, the indicator that synthesizes it has lost two points but remains just above its long-term average (100). Most of the balances of opinion for the sector have declined, especially those on the general and personal business outlook.

Informations rapides
No 131
Paru le :Paru le25/05/2023
Prochaine parution le : 21/06/2024 at 08:45 - June 2024

According to the business managers surveyed in May 2023, the business climate has deteriorated in services, for the third month in a row. At 101, the indicator that synthesizes it has lost two points but remains just above its long-term average (100). Most of the balances of opinion for the sector have declined, especially those on the general and personal business outlook.

Business climate composite indicator

Business climate composite indicator
Business climate composite indicator
2023-05 100.8
2023-04 102.9
2023-03 104.7
2023-02 106.2
2023-01 104.8
2022-12 103.8
2022-11 104.2
2022-10 105.4
2022-09 105.4
2022-08 106.5
2022-07 106.5
2022-06 107.5
2022-05 108.9
2022-04 108.0
2022-03 108.4
2022-02 111.9
2022-01 105.2
2021-12 107.0
2021-11 113.8
2021-10 112.6
2021-09 109.7
2021-08 108.2
2021-07 110.7
2021-06 111.6
2021-05 106.1
2021-04 91.1
2021-03 93.4
2021-02 87.9
2021-01 90.9
2020-12 89.4
2020-11 77.1
2020-10 88.2
2020-09 93.9
2020-08 93.1
2020-07 88.3
2020-06 77.3
2020-05 50.4
2020-04 40.1
2020-03 92.4
2020-02 105.7
2020-01 105.9
2019-12 106.2
2019-11 106.0
2019-10 105.5
2019-09 105.4
2019-08 104.8
2019-07 104.8
2019-06 105.5
2019-05 105.2
2019-04 105.2
2019-03 104.5
2019-02 103.4
2019-01 103.4
2018-12 101.7
2018-11 103.5
2018-10 103.0
2018-09 104.2
2018-08 103.7
2018-07 104.2
2018-06 104.3
2018-05 103.9
2018-04 105.6
2018-03 106.5
2018-02 106.4
2018-01 107.4
2017-12 108.3
2017-11 107.1
2017-10 106.5
2017-09 106.3
2017-08 105.9
2017-07 103.7
2017-06 103.2
2017-05 102.4
2017-04 103.0
2017-03 103.0
2017-02 102.6
2017-01 101.5
2016-12 103.3
2016-11 100.7
2016-10 100.6
2016-09 100.6
2016-08 100.0
2016-07 100.2
2016-06 99.0
2016-05 100.6
2016-04 98.3
2016-03 99.4
2016-02 99.8
2016-01 99.9
2015-12 97.0
2015-11 99.2
2015-10 99.4
2015-09 97.5
2015-08 98.5
2015-07 97.4
2015-06 96.8
2015-05 95.4
2015-04 93.9
2015-03 92.4
2015-02 91.5
2015-01 91.2
2014-12 91.4
2014-11 91.3
2014-10 91.3
2014-09 91.1
2014-08 91.7
2014-07 92.6
2014-06 92.3
2014-05 92.2
2014-04 93.3
2014-03 93.0
2014-02 92.2
2014-01 92.3
2013-12 91.0
2013-11 92.4
2013-10 91.7
2013-09 92.3
2013-08 88.7
2013-07 86.7
2013-06 86.3
2013-05 85.0
2013-04 83.6
2013-03 84.4
2013-02 87.3
2013-01 88.5
2012-12 87.4
2012-11 85.8
2012-10 86.5
2012-09 87.6
2012-08 87.8
2012-07 89.9
2012-06 90.2
2012-05 92.2
2012-04 95.8
2012-03 93.7
2012-02 92.4
2012-01 93.0
2011-12 95.0
2011-11 95.3
2011-10 97.4
2011-09 98.5
2011-08 100.6
2011-07 105.0
2011-06 107.0
2011-05 107.5
2011-04 108.8
2011-03 110.2
2011-02 109.0
2011-01 106.9
2010-12 106.6
2010-11 104.6
2010-10 102.7
2010-09 101.5
2010-08 100.5
2010-07 99.0
2010-06 98.2
2010-05 99.2
2010-04 97.6
2010-03 94.4
2010-02 94.2
2010-01 94.0
2009-12 92.6
2009-11 92.1
2009-10 90.7
2009-09 87.6
2009-08 84.4
2009-07 81.9
2009-06 78.2
2009-05 73.6
2009-04 69.6
2009-03 69.5
2009-02 74.6
2009-01 75.7
2008-12 78.3
2008-11 81.3
2008-10 85.3
2008-09 93.7
2008-08 95.6
2008-07 97.1
2008-06 101.4
2008-05 104.5
2008-04 106.9
2008-03 108.5
2008-02 108.4
2008-01 110.2
2007-12 108.9
2007-11 110.0
2007-10 109.9
2007-09 111.2
2007-08 112.0
2007-07 112.8
2007-06 112.2
2007-05 112.5
2007-04 112.7
2007-03 113.0
2007-02 112.0
2007-01 110.6
2006-12 111.2
2006-11 112.8
2006-10 110.6
2006-09 110.4
2006-08 110.2
2006-07 110.1
2006-06 109.0
2006-05 110.3
2006-04 107.7
2006-03 107.4
2006-02 106.1
2006-01 108.5
2005-12 106.6
2005-11 106.3
2005-10 108.3
2005-09 106.8
2005-08 107.2
2005-07 107.5
2005-06 108.2
2005-05 105.9
2005-04 107.8
2005-03 108.1
2005-02 106.1
2005-01 106.3

Business climate composite indicator

  • Source: INSEE

The business managers are less optimistic about their activity prospects

In May 2023, the business managers in services are less optimistic than in the previous month about their activity prospects: the balance of opinion on expected activity has decreased for the third month in a row and has moved away from its long-term average whereas the one on the general business outlook for the sector has also decreased but remains above its own. The balance related to the expected demand has rebounded slightly but remains below its average. At the same time, the balance on economic uncertainty felt is stable.

The balance of opinion on activity over the past three months has decreased for the third month in a row and has moved below its average.

The balance of opinion on the recent change in selling prices has decreased slightly whereas the one about the expected change in selling prices has declined more sharply. However, both remain well above their long-term average.

Expected prices in services

Expected prices in services
Expected prices
2023-05 7.0
2023-04 13.8
2023-03 13.7
2023-02 17.0
2023-01 19.8
2022-12 16.2
2022-11 12.9
2022-10 10.5
2022-09 8.8
2022-08 10.4
2022-07 12.4
2022-06 11.0
2022-05 10.5
2022-04 12.1
2022-03 7.3
2022-02 9.0
2022-01 8.0
2021-12 5.5
2021-11 6.6
2021-10 2.9
2021-09 1.8
2021-08 4.0
2021-07 5.2
2021-06 0.8
2021-05 -0.6
2021-04 -8.1
2021-03 -8.0
2021-02 -10.9
2021-01 -9.4
2020-12 -8.1
2020-11 -12.7
2020-10 -10.3
2020-09 -4.8
2020-08 -5.4
2020-07 -7.0
2020-06 -12.3
2020-05 -22.6
2020-04 -22.6
2020-03 -3.7
2020-02 0.7
2020-01 0.3
2019-12 0.1
2019-11 -0.2
2019-10 0.7
2019-09 -2.2
2019-08 -0.9
2019-07 1.7
2019-06 0.4
2019-05 -1.9
2019-04 -2.1
2019-03 -1.3
2019-02 -2.5
2019-01 -2.2
2018-12 -0.2
2018-11 -2.4
2018-10 -3.6
2018-09 -2.8
2018-08 -0.3
2018-07 -5.3
2018-06 -4.6
2018-05 -2.3
2018-04 -2.7
2018-03 -3.5
2018-02 -3.9
2018-01 -2.5
2017-12 -3.7
2017-11 -2.6
2017-10 -2.8
2017-09 -2.8
2017-08 -5.2
2017-07 -5.7
2017-06 -4.0
2017-05 -5.3
2017-04 -5.1
2017-03 -3.8
2017-02 -3.9
2017-01 -6.5
2016-12 -5.5
2016-11 -7.7
2016-10 -6.8
2016-09 -4.8
2016-08 -5.2
2016-07 -4.7
2016-06 -6.8
2016-05 -6.2
2016-04 -4.9
2016-03 -5.1
2016-02 -4.6
2016-01 -8.5
2015-12 -8.8
2015-11 -5.8
2015-10 -5.9
2015-09 -7.5
2015-08 -6.4
2015-07 -6.9
2015-06 -6.1
2015-05 -6.2
2015-04 -7.8
2015-03 -9.8
2015-02 -9.7
2015-01 -11.4
2014-12 -11.0
2014-11 -10.3
2014-10 -9.5
2014-09 -10.6
2014-08 -9.0
2014-07 -9.2
2014-06 -9.3
2014-05 -9.9
2014-04 -9.6
2014-03 -10.8
2014-02 -11.0
2014-01 -8.4
2013-12 -9.4
2013-11 -8.4
2013-10 -10.1
2013-09 -10.4
2013-08 -10.7
2013-07 -12.3
2013-06 -12.0
2013-05 -12.2
2013-04 -12.2
2013-03 -12.0
2013-02 -11.9
2013-01 -9.8
2012-12 -9.2
2012-11 -9.5
2012-10 -11.0
2012-09 -7.6
2012-08 -7.8
2012-07 -4.3
2012-06 -6.0
2012-05 -5.6
2012-04 -4.2
2012-03 -0.7
2012-02 -3.4
2012-01 0.5
2011-12 -2.3
2011-11 -4.3
2011-10 -3.0
2011-09 -1.6
2011-08 -1.5
2011-07 -0.3
2011-06 0.5
2011-05 5.1
2011-04 2.4
2011-03 3.5
2011-02 3.3
2011-01 -0.1
2010-12 0.0
2010-11 -1.1
2010-10 -0.9
2010-09 -3.1
2010-08 -3.8
2010-07 -7.7
2010-06 -5.4
2010-05 -5.7
2010-04 -7.8
2010-03 -7.5
2010-02 -9.0
2010-01 -8.5
2009-12 -10.1
2009-11 -10.1
2009-10 -9.4
2009-09 -12.4
2009-08 -14.4
2009-07 -18.5
2009-06 -15.4
2009-05 -17.8
2009-04 -17.7
2009-03 -17.1
2009-02 -13.1
2009-01 -13.1
2008-12 -13.8
2008-11 -9.6
2008-10 -2.7
2008-09 0.3
2008-08 1.5
2008-07 3.4
2008-06 3.3
2008-05 3.4
2008-04 3.9
2008-03 2.6
2008-02 2.1
2008-01 2.2
2007-12 3.0
2007-11 2.8
2007-10 1.3
2007-09 2.3
2007-08 3.2
2007-07 3.4
2007-06 2.1
2007-05 2.9
2007-04 2.2
2007-03 1.5
2007-02 1.1
2007-01 1.8

Expected prices in services

  • Source: INSEE

Concerning employment, the balance of opinion on the change in the workforce size over the last three months has fallen back sharply and has moved below its average. The one on the expected workforce size has decreased again but remains above its own.

Economic outlook in the services sector

Balances of opinion, in %, seasonally adjusted
Economic outlook in the services sector (Balances of opinion, in %, seasonally adjusted)
Average* Feb. 2023 Mar. 2023 Apr. 2023 May 2023
Composite indicator 100 106 105 103 101
General outlook -7 -3 -2 -1 -4
Past activity 2 11 4 3 -1
Expected activity 2 7 2 1 -1
Expected demand 0 1 3 -3 -1
Past selling prices -3 17 17 14 13
Expected selling prices -2 17 14 14 7
Past employment 2 4 1 2 -6
Past employment except temporary work agencies 0 6 5 4 -1
Expected employment 2 10 12 8 4
Expected employment except temporary work agencies 0 7 7 7 5
Economic uncertainty felt** 12 10 11 17 17
  • * Average since 1989 for the composite indicator and since 1988 for the balances of opinion, except general outlook (June 2000) and uncertainty (April 2021)
  • ** Balance of opinion not seasonally adjusted
  • Source: INSEE, monthly business survey in services.

The business climate has deteriorated in all the sub-sectors of services, except in information-communication

In May 2023, in accommodation and food services, the business climate indicator has decreased markedly but remains above its average level. The balances of opinion on past and expected activity have declined strongly, as well as the one on the expected demand.

In road freight transport, the business climate has decreased sharply and stands well below its long-term average. The balances of opinion on expected demand and on the general and personal business outlook have fallen back sharply, well below their respective average.

In real estate activities, the business climate indicator has decreased sharply and has moved below its average. In particular, the balance on expected activity has declined very significantly and has moved away from its own.

In professional, scientific and technical activities on the one hand and in administrative and support services on the other, the business climate has also deteriorated but remains above its average. In particular, the balances of opinion on the general and personal business outlook have decreased.

Conversely, in information-communication, the business climate has improved and has moved away from its average. In particular, the balances of opinion on expected activity and demand have rebounded sharply.

Business climate composite indicator and balances of opinion by sub-sector in services

Balances of opinion, in %, seasonally adjusted
Business climate composite indicator and balances of opinion by sub-sector in services (Balances of opinion, in %, seasonally adjusted)
Aggregated classification (NA 2008) at level A21 Mean* Feb. 2023 Mar. 2023 Apr. 2023 May 2023
Road transport (8%)
Composite indicator 100 98 95 99 93
General outlook -18 -23 -22 -16 -26
Past activity -5 -10 -17 -13 -15
Expected activity -6 -17 -16 -6 -20
Expected demand -9 -18 -25 -17 -29
Past employment -5 5 -3 0 -10
Expected employment -6 2 -5 -3 -3
Accommodation and food service activities (8%)
Composite indicator 100 111 110 115 107
General outlook -13 5 4 7 13
Past activity -7 27 2 3 -25
Expected activity -7 7 -1 13 -8
Expected demand -9 -3 2 11 0
Past employment -5 3 6 1 -16
Expected employment -6 4 8 19 11
Information and communication (29%)
Composite indicator 100 109 106 102 105
General outlook 0 5 5 3 2
Past activity 8 21 7 2 10
Expected activity 9 17 10 0 13
Expected demand 9 8 8 -3 14
Past employment 6 28 21 21 13
Expected employment 10 21 22 16 17
Real estate activities (10%)
Composite indicator 100 102 101 101 96
General outlook -4 -7 -9 -8 -5
Past activity 7 8 10 5 1
Expected activity 6 6 1 4 -3
Expected demand 2 -1 2 -5 -2
Past employment 3 1 6 8 3
Expected employment 3 2 2 3 5
Professional, scientific and technical activities (25%)
Composite indicator 100 105 105 104 101
General outlook -8 -4 -1 -3 -5
Past activity -1 3 2 4 -1
Expected activity -2 0 -3 -3 -6
Expected demand -5 -2 1 -6 -8
Past employment 1 3 2 2 8
Expected employment 1 5 7 6 3
Administrative and support service activities (18%)
Composite indicator 100 107 106 104 103
General outlook -3 3 7 8 4
Past activity 5 5 4 6 2
Expected activity 5 15 12 8 6
Expected demand 3 9 8 7 10
Past employment 8 -3 -8 -9 -22
Expected employment 7 13 19 3 -1
  • The figures in parentheses indicate the weights used to aggregate the sub-sector balances of opinion. The “other services” sub-sector is not displayed due to its low weight.
  • *Composite indicator: average since 1989 (2006 for road transport); balances of opinion: average since 1988, except general outlook since June 2000 (2006 for road transport)
  • Source: INSEE, monthly business survey in services.

Revision

The business climate indicator in services of April 2023 has not been revised (after rounding).

For further information

The composite indicators of business climate presented here are estimated independently of one another. Thus, that of the whole services cannot be deduced from the others. The same balances of opinion are included into their calculations, but they are not assigned the same weightings. Also, the indicators are scaled to have a long-run average of 100 and a standard deviation of 10. The climate series do not have the same historical beginning, so their standardisation differs slightly. Discrepancies may therefore appear from time to time.

For the three-modality questions, a balance of opinion is calculated as the difference between the weighted percentage of “increase” responses and the weighted percentage of “decrease” responses.

The responses to this survey were collected between 26 April and 22 May 2023.

Additional information (simplified and detailed methodology, nomenclature, etc.) is available on the “Documentation” tab of the web page of this publication.

Next issue: 22 June 2023 at 8:45 am.

Pour en savoir plus

The composite indicators of business climate presented here are estimated independently of one another. Thus, that of the whole services cannot be deduced from the others. The same balances of opinion are included into their calculations, but they are not assigned the same weightings. Also, the indicators are scaled to have a long-run average of 100 and a standard deviation of 10. The climate series do not have the same historical beginning, so their standardisation differs slightly. Discrepancies may therefore appear from time to time.

For the three-modality questions, a balance of opinion is calculated as the difference between the weighted percentage of “increase” responses and the weighted percentage of “decrease” responses.

The responses to this survey were collected between 26 April and 22 May 2023.

Additional information (simplified and detailed methodology, nomenclature, etc.) is available on the “Documentation” tab of the web page of this publication.

Next issue: 22 June 2023 at 8:45 am.

: bureau-de-presse@insee.fr
: