The national accounts in 2022 National accounts - 2014 Base

Detailed figures
Insee Résultats
Paru le :Paru le20/12/2023
Insee Résultats- December 2023

Public finances in 2022 National accounts - 2014 Base

Detailed figures

Insee Résultats

Paru le :26/03/2024

The "Public finances" item introduces the leading indicators published by Insee relating to the general government accounts. It aims at satisfying the growing interest of a large audience for information on this topic (political decision makers, international organizations...). Its implementation follows the recommendations of the IMF formulated in a quality audit run in 2003.


This update concerns the first estimates of the provisional annual general government account (Rapid information no. 75). They are not consistent with the same data in the national accounts tables in 2023, and in particular they are in benchmark 2020 whereas the other data are in benchmark 2014. All the data for the National Accounts in 2023 will be published from 31 May 2024. The table " Main aggregates of the general government accounts in % of GDP" has been updated accordingly. The GDP used is that of the benchmark 2014, but the revisions to GDP in value terms for the benchmark years 2019 and 2020 in the benchmark 2020 are insignificant (less than 0.2%).

Main aggregates of the general government accounts in % of GDP

Main aggregates of the general government accounts in % of GDP (%)
Titles 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023
Expenditure 56.2 55.2 61.7 59.6 58.8 57.3
Expenditure excluding imputed items (1) 51.6 51.5 57.9 56.0 55.2 53.8
Receipts 53.9 52.8 52.8 53.0 54.0 51.9
Receipts excluding imputed items (1) 49.3 48.4 48.6 49.2 50.2 48.3
Deficit according to the Maastricht definition 2.3 2.4 8.9 6.6 4.8 5.5
Debt according to the Maastricht definition (2) 98.2 97.9 114.9 113.0 111.9 110.6
Net debt (3) 89.2 88.8 101.6 100.8 101.7 102.4
Compulsory levies (4) 44.7 43.9 44.3 44.3 45.2 43.5
of which levies of the European Union 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2
  • (1) The expenditure and receipts of the general government excluding the imputed socials contributions may, in certain cases, prove to be a better basis for international comparisons.
  • (2) Debt according to the Regulation n°3605 of the European Commission.
  • (3) The general government net debt is defined as the difference between the general government debt according to the Maastricht definition and the deposits, loans and securities (excluding shares) held by the general government over the other sectors.
  • (4) Excluding imputed social contributions.
  • Source: National accounts Insee - Public finance agregates are in base 2020 concepts, GDP is in base 2014 concepts


Methodology of the annual accounts

From May 30, 2018, INSEE publishes the national accounts in 2014 base.

The most significant changes concern the national economy's transactions with the rest of the world, as well as the estimations of flows of property income between resident agents (enterprises, households, general government, etc.) as well as between resident agents and the rest of the world.

This basic change is accompanied by some improvements that are described in the " The national accounts switch to 2014 base" folder and in the methodology sheets of the 2014 database.

Online, aids to understanding facilitate the reading of results (definitions,  classification, glossary).

Presentation of the transition to the 2014 base of the national accounts