Births and Deaths of people with usual residence in the area, 2014-2021 Employment area 2020 of La Flèche (5209)
Paru le : 22/09/2022
tableauRFD G1 - Births and Deaths of people with usual residence in the area
- Source: Insee, civil status statistics in geography as of 01/01/2022.
graphiqueRFD G1 - Births and Deaths of people with usual residence in the area
A general presentation of the sources is available in the "Definitions, Methods and Quality" section of the site insee.fr.
Declarative judgments of birth: Any birth occurring on French territory must be declared within five days of the birth of a civil status registry declaration giving rise to an act. If this declaration has not been made within this legal period, it is the subject of a declaration of birth giving rise to a transcription in the civil status registers.
Declarations of death: When death is insured but the body could not be found (plane crash, disappearance at sea ...), a declaratory judgment of death is drawn up which results in transcription on the civil status registers.
Since the French Revolution, the registration of births, marriages, deaths and other facts relating to personal status (divorces, recognitions, legitimisations, adoptions) is governed by a legislative framework. It is on this basis that the collection of data for statistics on civil status has been developed.
All events relating to civil status must be the subject of a deed entered into a special register, in accordance with precise standards, by a person holding the position of civil registry officer. Each municipality has a civil status registry office. The mayor is the de facto civil registry officer, but may delegate his or her functions to a deputy, to a municipal councillor or to a municipal employee.
All events occurring in the municipality must be registered. Also, certain events occurring elsewhere or having been the subject of authentic deeds (or ruling) must also be transcribed (the certificate of the death of a person residing in the municipality must be transcribed when the death occurred elsewhere, as must an adoption ruling) or mentioned in the margin of the certificates drawn up in the municipality (mention of a divorce ruling, for example, in the margin of the birth and marriage certificates of the persons in question).
The applicable rules (on drawing up the registers, keeping them, etc.) are specified in legislative or regulatory texts.
The organisation of the town hall regarding the registers is left to its initiative. Large municipalities generally have several types of registers (for the different types of certificates, or even several registers of the same type) while smaller municipalities generally have a single register.
The Registry Officer must fill out a questionnaire known as a "Registry Office Statistical Bulletin" each time they enter a deed into the registers and, in certain cases, when they mark a marginal note on an existing deed. The number allocated to each deed (sequential from 1st January each year) is noted on the statistical bulletin to ensure that all the bulletins are present. These bulletins are subject to the Law of 7 June 1951 meaning that all the questions must be answered and that the answers to them are subject to statistical confidentiality. The bulletins are filled out in a single copy and then sent to the INSEE.
In general, a child must be declared with the births, deaths and marriages register when the gestation period has lasted at least 180 days. Since March 1993, a "still birth" certificate is drawn up only if it has not been established that the child was born alive and viable.
This is the case :
- when the child, dead at the time of declaration with the births, deaths and marriages register, was born alive, but not viable. The civil status officer draws up the certificate upon production of a medical certificate regardless of the gestation period ;
- when the child died before the declaration of birth at the town hall, without a medical certificate stating he/she was born alive and viable ;
- when the child was still born. Since the 30 November 2001 circular, a still life bulletin can be established as of 22 weeks of amenorrhea or if the child has reached a weight of 500 grams (viability criterion of the World Health Organization, WHO).
In 2008, a new legislative change took place. Indeed, the decree n2008-800 of August 20th, 2008 redefined the notion of dead child. Henceforth, the act of dead child is established on the basis of a medical certificate of childbirth (delivery). The criteria of the gestation duration, 22 weeks of amenorrhea, or weight, 500 grams, are not taken into account anymore.
This legislative change pulled in 2008 and in 2009 an increase of the number of dead children. The French data on the dead children cannot be so compared any more with those of the other countries (for whom the criteria of weight and of gestation duration still remain).
The registration takes place in the municipality of birth or in the municipality where the child was when the still birth was recorded.
Until February 1993, if a child was alive at the time of declaration, the registrar recorded a birth certificate. Otherwise, he recorded a "still birth" certificate, whether the child had lived or not. This certificate could still be drawn up if the declaration was made more than three days after the birth.
Annual statistics concerning domiciled births are drawn up from the statistical bulletins of civil status registry, drawn up by the mayors, at the time and in the municipality where the births take place. They relate to births having taken place in all the municipalities of France. Births that took place abroad or in the Overseas territorial authority (COM) are not counted.
The "commune" variable corresponds to the municipality of the mother's residence in France
The statistics include declarative judgments of birth, but do not take into account stillbirths.
Annual statistics concerning domiciled deaths are drawn up from the statistical bulletins of civil status registry, drawn up by the mayors, at the time and in the municipality where the deaths took place. They relate to deaths that have occurred in all municipalities in France. Deaths having occurred abroad or in the Overseas territorial authority (COM) are not counted.
The "commune" variable corresponds to the municipality of the deceased's residence in France.
The statistics include declarative judgments of deaths.
Statistics for all years are available in the municipal geography in force on 01/01/2022.
The data, for the municipalities of Paris (75056), Lyon (69123) and Marseille (13055), are presented for the entire municipality and for each municipal district.
For these municipalities, the municipal district of the domicile is not systematically informed about the statistical bulletin. Births are therefore only counted in the database at the level of the municipality and not of the municipal district. The sum of births in the municipal disctricts of Lyon (Marseille and Paris respectively) is therefore not always equal to the number of births in the municipality of Lyon (Marseille and Paris respectively).