Insee
Informations Rapides · 13 May 2022 · n° 124
Informations rapidesIn April 2022, consumer prices increased by 0.4% over one month and by 4.8% year on yearConsumer price index - final results - April 2022

Informations rapides
No 124
Paru le : Paru le 13/05/2022
Prochaine parution le : 13/07/2022 at 08:45 - June 2022

Monthly change: +0.4% in April; year-on-year change: +4.8%

In April 2022, the Consumer Price Index (CPI) rose by 0.4% over one month, after +1.4% in March. The prices of energy fell back (−2.5% after +9.0%) linked with the decrease in petroleum product prices (−6.8% after +17.0%). The prices of manufactured goods slowed down (+0.5% after +1.4%). Those of services accelerated (+0.7% after +0.2%) notably due to a seasonal rebound of transport service prices (+9.4% after −0.9%). The increase in food prices was more sustained than in the previous month (+1.4% after +0.9%).

Seasonally adjusted, consumer prices rose by 0.5% after +1.0% in March.

Year on year, consumer prices grew by 4.8% after +4.5% in March. This increase in inflation resulted from the acceleration of service (+3.0% after +2.3%), food (+3.8% after +2.9%) and manufactured good prices (+2.6% after +2.1%). The prices of energy slowed down but continued to rise sharply over one year (+26.5% after +29.2%).

Increase in core inflation year on year

Year on year, core inflation grew in April, up to +3.2%, after +2.5% in March. The Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP) rose by 0.5% over one month, after +1.6% in March; year-on-year, it increased by 5.4% after +5.1% in the previous month.

Consumer Price Index (CPI), core inflation (ISJ) and Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP) year-on-year changes

Consumer Price Index (CPI), core inflation (ISJ) and Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP) year-on-year changes ()
HICP CPI ISJ
2022-04 5.4 4.8 3.2
2022-03 5.1 4.5 2.5
2022-02 4.2 3.6 2.5
2022-01 3.3 2.9 1.6
2021-12 3.4 2.8 1.9
2021-11 3.4 2.8 1.7
2021-10 3.2 2.6 1.5
2021-09 2.7 2.2 1.3
2021-08 2.4 1.9 1.3
2021-07 1.5 1.2 0.2
2021-06 1.9 1.5 1.1
2021-05 1.8 1.4 1.0
2021-04 1.6 1.2 1.0
2021-03 1.4 1.1 0.9
2021-02 0.8 0.6 0.6
2021-01 0.8 0.6 1.0
2020-12 0.0 0.0 0.0
2020-11 0.2 0.2 0.3
2020-10 0.1 0.0 0.2
2020-09 0.0 0.0 0.4
2020-08 0.2 0.2 0.5
2020-07 0.9 0.8 1.4
2020-06 0.2 0.2 0.3
2020-05 0.4 0.4 0.6
2020-04 0.4 0.3 0.3
2020-03 0.8 0.7 0.7
2020-02 1.6 1.4 1.2
2020-01 1.7 1.5 0.9
2019-12 1.6 1.5 1.1
2019-11 1.2 1.0 1.0
2019-10 0.9 0.8 1.0
2019-09 1.1 0.9 0.9
2019-08 1.3 1.0 0.8
2019-07 1.3 1.1 0.9
2019-06 1.4 1.2 0.9
2019-05 1.1 0.9 0.5
2019-04 1.5 1.3 0.8
2019-03 1.3 1.1 0.5
2019-02 1.6 1.3 0.6
2019-01 1.4 1.2 0.6
2018-12 1.9 1.6 0.7
2018-11 2.2 1.9 0.7
2018-10 2.5 2.2 0.8
2018-09 2.5 2.2 0.7
2018-08 2.6 2.3 0.9
2018-07 2.6 2.3 0.8
2018-06 2.3 2.0 0.8
2018-05 2.3 2.0 1.0
2018-04 1.8 1.6 0.8
2018-03 1.7 1.6 0.9
2018-02 1.3 1.2 0.7
2018-01 1.5 1.3 0.8
2017-12 1.2 1.2 0.6
2017-11 1.2 1.2 0.5
2017-10 1.2 1.1 0.5
2017-09 1.1 1.0 0.5
2017-08 1.0 0.9 0.5
2017-07 0.8 0.7 0.5
2017-06 0.8 0.7 0.4
2017-05 0.9 0.8 0.3
2017-04 1.4 1.2 0.5
2017-03 1.4 1.1 0.4
2017-02 1.4 1.2 0.1
2017-01 1.6 1.3 0.6
2016-12 0.8 0.6 0.4
2016-11 0.7 0.5 0.6
2016-10 0.5 0.4 0.5
2016-09 0.5 0.4 0.7
2016-08 0.4 0.2 0.4
2016-07 0.4 0.2 0.5
2016-06 0.3 0.2 0.7
2016-05 0.1 0.0 0.7
2016-04 -0.1 -0.2 0.6
2016-03 -0.1 -0.1 0.7
2016-02 -0.1 -0.2 0.7
2016-01 0.3 0.2 0.9
2015-12 0.3 0.2 1.0
2015-11 0.1 0.0 0.9
2015-10 0.2 0.1 0.8
2015-09 0.1 0.0 0.6
2015-08 0.1 0.0 0.5
2015-07 0.2 0.2 0.6
2015-06 0.3 0.3 0.6
2015-05 0.3 0.3 0.5
2015-04 0.1 0.1 0.4
2015-03 0.0 -0.1 0.2
2015-02 -0.3 -0.3 0.2
2015-01 -0.4 -0.4 0.1
2014-12 0.1 0.1 -0.1
2014-11 0.4 0.3 -0.2
2014-10 0.5 0.5 0.0
2014-09 0.4 0.3 0.1
2014-08 0.5 0.4 0.3
2014-07 0.6 0.5 0.1
2014-06 0.6 0.5 0.1
2014-05 0.8 0.7 0.3
2014-04 0.8 0.7 0.5
2014-03 0.8 0.6 0.5
2014-02 1.1 0.9 0.8
2014-01 0.8 0.6 0.2

Consumer Price Index (CPI), core inflation (ISJ) and Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP) year-on-year changes

  • Source: INSEE

Acceleration in service prices year on year

Year on year, service prices rose by 3.0% in April after +2.3% in March. The prices of transport services accelerated sharply (+15.7% after +6.1%) linked with the airfares (+22.4% after +5.7%), transport by road prices (+18.9% after +6.2%) and to a lesser extent transport by railway prices (+12.9% after +12.0%). The prices of “other services” accelerated slightly (+3.3% after +3.1%), notably due to the increase in catering service prices (+2.7% after +2.5%), maintenance and repair of personal transport equipment service prices (+4.8% after +3.8%) and package holiday prices (+19.6% after +5.3%). The prices of health services rebounded (+0.2% after −0.9%) in link with the acceleration of medical service prices (+1.4% after +0.6%). The increases in housing-related service prices (+1.7%) and communication service prices (+2.3%) maintained at the same level as in March.

Acceleration in food prices year on year

Year on year, food prices increased by 3.8% after +2.9% in March. Those of fresh food produces were less sustained than in the previous month (+7.1% after +7.6%): the prices of fresh fruits (+4.0% after +5.8%) and fresh fish (+12.1% after +15.6%) slowed down and those of fresh vegetables rose (+8.9% after +8.0%). Excluding fresh produces, the food prices accelerated sharply (+3.3% after +2.1%) linked with the prices of meat (+4.2% after +3.0%), bread and cereals (+4.0% after +3.3%), milk, cheese and eggs (+3.3% after +1.7%), oils and fats (+7.2% after +4.4%) and coffee (+6.2% after +3.5%).

Detailed figures for various groups

2015:100
Detailed figures for various groups (2015:100)
Items Weight Index Percentage change
2022 April 2022 m-on-m change (2) y-on-y change (3)
a) All households
Overall 10000 110.97 0.4 4.8
Overall SA(1) 10000 110.93 0.5 4.9
Food 1649 113.03 1.4 3.8
Fresh food 249 138.46 2.8 7.1
Other food 1400 109.12 1.2 3.3
Tobacco 215 155.80 0.0 -0.1
Manufactured products 2444 100.72 0.5 2.6
Clothing and footwear 341 104.40 1.1 4.3
Medical products 395 86.42 -0.1 -1.2
Other manufactured products 1708 103.59 0.5 3.2
Energy 886 145.77 -2.5 26.5
Petroleum products 434 155.87 -6.8 34.0
Services 4806 109.03 0.7 3.0
Actual rentals and services for dwellings 799 104.56 0.0 1.7
Health services 697 102.22 0.4 0.2
Transport 198 114.48 9.4 15.7
Communication 227 101.45 0.1 2.3
Other services 2885 112.15 0.5 3.3
Total except rents and tobacco 9139 110.76 0.5 5.3
Total except tobacco 9785 110.19 0.4 4.9
b) Urban working-class households or households of employees
All products excluding tobacco 9672 109.67 0.3 4.7
c) Households that belong to the lowest equivalized disposable income quintile - France
All products excluding tobacco 9666 109.97 0.5 5.3
  • (1) seasonally adjusted
  • (2) : [m/(m-1)]
  • (3) : [m/(m-12)]
  • Geographical coverage: France (Mayotte excluded) 
  • Source : INSEE – Consumer Price Indices

Increase in manufactured good prices year on year

Year on year, manufactured products accelerated (+2.6% after +2.1%) due to the increase in clothing and footwear prices (+4.3% after +3.5%) and “other manufactured products” (+3.2% after +2.6%). The prices of non-durable household goods (+2.8% after +1.5%), major household appliances (+2.6% after +1.8%), glassware, tableware and household utensils (+3.4% after +2.5%), other appliances, articles and products for personal care (+3.2% after +1.7%) and vehicles (+4.0% after +3.4%) accelerated. Finally, the decrease in health product prices maintained at the same level as in March (−1.2%).

Slowdown in energy prices year on year

Year on year, the increase in energy prices was less dynamic than in March (+26.5% after +29.2%). The petroleum product prices slowed down (+34.0% after +43.5%) in link with the prices of diesel (+34.3% after +43.6%) and petrol (+17.4% after +30.5%) due to the discount on fuels set up in April by the government for a period of four months. The prices of electricity (+6.9% after +6.0%) and gas (+54.4% after +41.3%) accelerated due to the influence of market prices.

Detailed figures for Core inflation and HICP

2015:100
Detailed figures for Core inflation and HICP (2015:100)
Items Weight Index Percentage change
2022 April 2022 m-on-m change (1) y-on-y change (2)
Core inflation - All items 5917 107.24 0.7 3.2
Food excluding fresh products. meat. milk and exotic products 758 106.69 0.8 2.7
Manufactured products 2006 102.98 0.6 3.5
Services including actual rentals and services for dwellings 3153 110.37 0.8 3.2
HICP - All items 10000 112.78 0.5 5.4
  • (1) : [m/(m-1)]
  • (2) : [m/(m-12)]
  • Source: INSEE - Consumer Price Indices

Revisions

Compared to the provisional estimates published on April 29, 2022, the year-on-year and month-on-month changes in CPI and in HICP have been confirmed.

For further information

The price collection carried out by collectors on the field was adjourned with the beginning of lockdown, from the 16th March to the 15th June 2020, in November and December 2020 and progressively since the end of March 2021 until the end of May 2021 in metropolitan France. Despite the introduction of alternative collection methods (price collection online, telephone collection, scanner data), the quality of the indices was affected. Therefore, the level of the indices, the month-on-month rate and particularly the year-on-year rate should be considered cautiously.

Next publication of final results: 15 June 2022 at 8:45

Documentation

Abbreviated Methodology (pdf, 131 Ko)

Methodology (pdf, 141 Ko)

Pour en savoir plus

The price collection carried out by collectors on the field was adjourned with the beginning of lockdown, from the 16th March to the 15th June 2020, in November and December 2020 and progressively since the end of March 2021 until the end of May 2021 in metropolitan France. Despite the introduction of alternative collection methods (price collection online, telephone collection, scanner data), the quality of the indices was affected. Therefore, the level of the indices, the month-on-month rate and particularly the year-on-year rate should be considered cautiously.

Next publication of final results: 15 June 2022 at 8:45

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