Insee
Informations Rapides · 29 June 2021 · n° 167
Informations rapidesIn Q1 2021, the unemployment rate was virtually stable at 8.1 % ILO Unemployment and Labour Market-related indicators (Labour Force Survey results) - first quarter 2021

In Q1 2021, the number of unemployed people in France (excluding Mayotte) reached 2.4 million, up by 18,000 over the quarter. Thus the ILO unemployment rate was virtually stable (+0.1 points) at 8.1% of the active population, after a 1.1 point decrease in the previous quarter. It was 0.3 points above its previous year level earlier and returned to its level at the end of 2019, before the health crisis.

Informations rapides
No 167
Paru le :Paru le29/06/2021
Prochaine parution le : 17/05/2024 at 07:30 - first quarter 2024
Warnings 

In compliance with the new European regulation on social statistics (Intergrated European Social Statistics) and to modernise its collection protocol, INSEE overhauled the french labour force survey from Q1 2021 onwards.

INSEE renovated the survey questionnaire to improve European harmonization, but also to better meet the needs of its users and the new challenges of the labor market. At the same time, Insee modernized the survey protocol. Since the beginning of the year, after an initial face-to-face interview, INSEE offers the possibility of answering on the Internet for the five next reinterviews, in addition to the telephone. Insee also revised the weighting method.

These changes have modified the level of the indicators produced by the survey, from this release onwards. Indicators for Q1 2021 were calculated directly from this new survey; those relating to previous periods have been backcasted without breaks in the past, in order to continue to shed light on the state of the labor market in a long-term perspective.

All these changes and their impact on the main published indicators are presented in an « Insee Analyses » (in French) also published on June 29, 2021.

The unemployment rate was virtually stable in Q1 2021

In Q1 2021, the number of unemployed people in France (excluding Mayotte) reached 2.4 million, up by 18,000 over the quarter. Thus the ILO unemployment rate was virtually stable (+0.1 points), at 8.1% of the active population, after a 1.1 point decrease in the previous quarter. It was 0.3 points above its previous year level earlier and returned to its level at the end of 2019, before the health crisis.

This virtual stability contrasts with the large variations observed in 2020. In Q2 2020, despite an unprecedented fall in employment, the unemployment rate saw a « trompe-l’oeil » decline by 0.7 points. Indeed, a large number of people had temporarily switched to inactivity (halo around unemployment or inactivity outside the halo), notably because they were unable to carry out active job searches under the usual conditions. In Q3 2020, the return to a more usual job search behaviour and a still depressed employment level led to a strong rebound in the unemployment rate: +2.0 points. Finally, in Q4 2020, the unemployment rate fell by 1.1 points, due to the continued rebound in employment on average over the quarter and the slight drop in the activity rate linked to the second containment. At the beginning of 2021, the virtual stability in the unemployment rate was the result of both the stability of the employment rate and a persistent withdrawal behaviour from the labour market, due to the crisis and the ongoing sanitary restrictions.

In Q1 2021, the unemployment rate increased for people aged 15-24 (+1.2 points), was almost stable for those aged 25-49 (+0.1 points) and decreased for those aged 50 or more (-0.3 points).

It was below its pre-crisis level (at the end of 2019) for young people (-0.3 points) and oldest people (-0.4 points) but above it for people of intermediate aged persons (+0.2 points).

ILO-unemployment rate

ILO-unemployment rate
France (excl. Mayotte) Metropolitan France
2003-Q1 8.4 8.0
2003-Q2 8.5 8.1
2003-Q3 8.4 8.0
2003-Q4 8.8 8.4
2004-Q1 9.0 8.6
2004-Q2 8.8 8.4
2004-Q3 8.9 8.5
2004-Q4 8.9 8.5
2005-Q1 8.6 8.3
2005-Q2 8.8 8.5
2005-Q3 9.0 8.6
2005-Q4 9.1 8.7
2006-Q1 9.2 8.8
2006-Q2 9.0 8.6
2006-Q3 8.9 8.5
2006-Q4 8.4 8.0
2007-Q1 8.5 8.2
2007-Q2 8.1 7.8
2007-Q3 8.0 7.6
2007-Q4 7.5 7.2
2008-Q1 7.2 6.9
2008-Q2 7.3 7.0
2008-Q3 7.4 7.1
2008-Q4 7.8 7.4
2009-Q1 8.6 8.3
2009-Q2 9.2 8.9
2009-Q3 9.2 8.8
2009-Q4 9.5 9.2
2010-Q1 9.4 9.0
2010-Q2 9.3 8.9
2010-Q3 9.2 8.9
2010-Q4 9.2 8.8
2011-Q1 9.2 8.8
2011-Q2 9.1 8.7
2011-Q3 9.2 8.8
2011-Q4 9.3 9.0
2012-Q1 9.5 9.1
2012-Q2 9.7 9.4
2012-Q3 9.8 9.4
2012-Q4 10.2 9.8
2013-Q1 10.3 10.0
2013-Q2 10.5 10.1
2013-Q3 10.3 9.9
2013-Q4 10.1 9.8
2014-Q1 10.1 9.8
2014-Q2 10.2 9.8
2014-Q3 10.3 9.9
2014-Q4 10.5 10.1
2015-Q1 10.3 10.0
2015-Q2 10.5 10.2
2015-Q3 10.3 10.1
2015-Q4 10.2 9.9
2016-Q1 10.2 9.9
2016-Q2 10.0 9.8
2016-Q3 9.9 9.6
2016-Q4 10.0 9.7
2017-Q1 9.6 9.3
2017-Q2 9.5 9.2
2017-Q3 9.5 9.3
2017-Q4 9.0 8.7
2018-Q1 9.2 8.9
2018-Q2 9.1 8.8
2018-Q3 9.0 8.7
2018-Q4 8.7 8.4
2019-Q1 8.7 8.4
2019-Q2 8.4 8.2
2019-Q3 8.5 8.2
2019-Q4 8.1 7.9
2020-Q1 7.8 7.6
2020-Q2 7.1 7.1
2020-Q3 9.1 8.9
2020-Q4 8.0 7.8
2021-Q1 8.1 7.8
  • Estimation within +/-0.3 point of the level of unemployment rate and of its quarterly variations.

ILO-unemployment rate

  • Estimation within +/-0.3 point of the level of unemployment rate and of its quarterly variations.
  • Scope: population of people living in households, people aged 15 years or more.
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey.

ILO-unemployment rate

Seasonally adjusted, average over quarter
ILO-unemployment rate (Seasonally adjusted, average over quarter)
ILO-unemployment rate (%) Variation in points over Thousands
2020Q4 2021Q1 quarter year 2021Q1
Unemployed persons 8.0 8.1 0.1 0.3 2,402
  15-24 years 19.7 20.9 1.2 0.4 600
  25-49 years 7.3 7.4 0.1 0.4 1,301
  50 years and more 5.7 5.4 -0.3 0.0 500
Men 8.1 8.3 0.2 0.6 1,272
  15-24 years 18.6 20.6 2.0 2.0 316
  25-49 years 7.6 7.5 -0.1 0.5 680
  50 years and more 5.8 5.9 0.1 0.6 276
Women 7.9 7.8 -0.1 -0.2 1,130
  15-24 years 21.0 21.3 0.3 -1.5 285
  25-49 years 7.1 7.2 0.1 0.1 621
  50 years and more 5.7 4.9 -0.8 -0.6 224
Long-term unemployed persons 2.1 2.5 0.4 0.5 623
  • Scope : people living in ordinary housings, aged 15 years or more in France excluding Mayotte
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey

The halo around unemployment was virtually stable quarter-to-quarter

Among the inactive people as defined by the ILO, 2.0 million want a job without being considered unemployed: they made up the halo around unemployment. This situation concerns 4.8% of people aged 15 to 64 . This share was almost stable over the quarter (-0.1 points); it remained at a slightly higher level than before the crisis (+0.1 points), but much lower (-2.2 points) from the peak reached in Q2 2020, which was the temporary counterpart of the « tompe-l’oeil » fall in unemployment.

People in the halo of unemployment

People in the halo of unemployment
People aged 15 and over in the halo around unemployment (in thousands) (left scale) Share of the population aged 15 to 64 years (in %) (right scale)
2003-Q1 1498 3.8
2003-Q2 1428 3.6
2003-Q3 1525 3.8
2003-Q4 1530 3.8
2004-Q1 1561 3.9
2004-Q2 1572 3.9
2004-Q3 1574 3.9
2004-Q4 1542 3.8
2005-Q1 1521 3.8
2005-Q2 1519 3.8
2005-Q3 1480 3.7
2005-Q4 1492 3.7
2006-Q1 1530 3.8
2006-Q2 1526 3.7
2006-Q3 1500 3.7
2006-Q4 1583 3.9
2007-Q1 1501 3.7
2007-Q2 1525 3.7
2007-Q3 1435 3.5
2007-Q4 1444 3.5
2008-Q1 1482 3.6
2008-Q2 1432 3.5
2008-Q3 1474 3.6
2008-Q4 1455 3.5
2009-Q1 1503 3.6
2009-Q2 1538 3.7
2009-Q3 1563 3.8
2009-Q4 1604 3.9
2010-Q1 1566 3.8
2010-Q2 1607 3.9
2010-Q3 1574 3.8
2010-Q4 1540 3.7
2011-Q1 1589 3.8
2011-Q2 1589 3.8
2011-Q3 1575 3.8
2011-Q4 1585 3.8
2012-Q1 1575 3.8
2012-Q2 1540 3.7
2012-Q3 1591 3.8
2012-Q4 1595 3.9
2013-Q1 1582 3.8
2013-Q2 1626 3.9
2013-Q3 1687 4.0
2013-Q4 1698 4.1
2014-Q1 1732 4.1
2014-Q2 1692 4.0
2014-Q3 1789 4.3
2014-Q4 1776 4.2
2015-Q1 1853 4.4
2015-Q2 1813 4.3
2015-Q3 1794 4.3
2015-Q4 1777 4.3
2016-Q1 1821 4.4
2016-Q2 1880 4.5
2016-Q3 1883 4.5
2016-Q4 1853 4.5
2017-Q1 1894 4.6
2017-Q2 1871 4.5
2017-Q3 1817 4.4
2017-Q4 1867 4.5
2018-Q1 1880 4.5
2018-Q2 1870 4.4
2018-Q3 1874 4.5
2018-Q4 1875 4.5
2019-Q1 1779 4.2
2019-Q2 1873 4.5
2019-Q3 1913 4.6
2019-Q4 1978 4.7
2020-Q1 2017 4.8
2020-Q2 2903 7.0
2020-Q3 1974 4.7
2020-Q4 2034 4.9
2021-Q1 2036 4.8

People in the halo of unemployment

  • Scope: population of people living in households in France excluding Mayotte, people aged 15 years or over
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey

The long-term unemployment rate rose sharply

Among the unemployed people, 0.7 million declared that they have been searching a job for at least one year. The long-term unemployment rate stood at 2.5% of the active population in Q1 2021, up by 0.4 points compared to the previous quarter (+126,000 people). This sharp increase, while the unemployment rate was virtually stable, reflects the fact that the economic crisis has been affecting those furthest from employment for a year now.

The employment rate was stable over a quarter and declined over a year

On average in Q1 2021, the employment rate of people aged 15 to 64 was stable to 66.5%, after a 0.6 points increase at the end of 2020. It was 0.3 points below its level one year earlier, which was also the level at the end of 2019.

The employment rate rose by 0.2 points for young people and older people but fell by 0.2 points for people of intermediate age. Compared to their respective pre-crisis levels, the employment rate for young people was almost the same (-0.1 points), that of older people was 0.6 points higher, while that of people aged 25-49 was 0.7 points lower.

The employment rate increased over the quarter for men (+0.5 points) but decreased for women (-0.4 points). This difference largely offset the opposite changes in previous quarters: in total over a year, the employment rate fell by 0.4 points for men and by 0.2 points for women.

Employment rate by age group

Employment rate by age group
15-24 years old (right scale) 25-49 years old (left scale) 50-64 years old (left scale)
2003-Q1 32.1 81.2 54.7
2003-Q2 31.2 81.2 54.3
2003-Q3 31.0 81.2 54.1
2003-Q4 30.6 81.3 54.1
2004-Q1 30.6 81.1 54.3
2004-Q2 30.4 81.5 54.0
2004-Q3 30.9 81.1 54.8
2004-Q4 30.7 81.1 55.0
2005-Q1 30.1 81.3 55.2
2005-Q2 31.2 81.2 54.9
2005-Q3 30.0 81.4 54.5
2005-Q4 30.4 81.3 54.0
2006-Q1 29.7 81.4 54.3
2006-Q2 30.0 81.6 54.0
2006-Q3 30.2 82.0 54.1
2006-Q4 30.0 82.1 54.6
2007-Q1 30.4 82.2 54.1
2007-Q2 30.7 82.4 54.3
2007-Q3 31.6 82.6 54.3
2007-Q4 32.0 83.1 54.2
2008-Q1 32.0 83.7 54.0
2008-Q2 31.3 83.8 54.0
2008-Q3 31.3 83.6 54.1
2008-Q4 31.3 83.5 54.6
2009-Q1 31.0 82.8 54.5
2009-Q2 30.7 82.3 54.8
2009-Q3 30.1 82.2 54.2
2009-Q4 30.0 82.0 54.2
2010-Q1 30.4 82.2 54.6
2010-Q2 30.2 82.1 54.9
2010-Q3 29.6 82.2 55.3
2010-Q4 30.1 81.9 55.1
2011-Q1 29.5 82.0 55.3
2011-Q2 29.9 81.8 55.3
2011-Q3 29.7 81.4 55.9
2011-Q4 29.1 81.3 56.6
2012-Q1 28.9 81.1 57.2
2012-Q2 28.6 81.0 57.7
2012-Q3 28.4 80.8 58.1
2012-Q4 28.2 80.8 58.6
2013-Q1 28.2 80.5 58.3
2013-Q2 28.2 80.7 58.4
2013-Q3 28.4 80.8 58.6
2013-Q4 28.6 80.6 58.8
2014-Q1 28.5 80.7 59.1
2014-Q2 28.1 80.5 59.5
2014-Q3 28.1 80.1 59.7
2014-Q4 27.7 80.2 60.1
2015-Q1 28.5 80.0 60.3
2015-Q2 28.3 79.9 60.6
2015-Q3 28.6 80.1 60.9
2015-Q4 28.5 80.1 60.8
2016-Q1 28.5 80.2 61.3
2016-Q2 28.6 80.2 61.4
2016-Q3 28.0 80.5 61.7
2016-Q4 28.6 80.2 61.6
2017-Q1 28.6 80.3 61.7
2017-Q2 28.9 80.9 62.4
2017-Q3 29.3 80.7 62.2
2017-Q4 29.8 81.0 63.0
2018-Q1 29.7 80.9 63.1
2018-Q2 29.9 81.0 63.0
2018-Q3 30.4 81.1 63.4
2018-Q4 30.9 81.2 63.4
2019-Q1 30.3 81.3 63.5
2019-Q2 30.1 81.3 63.6
2019-Q3 29.9 81.2 63.5
2019-Q4 29.9 82.0 64.5
2020-Q1 30.0 82.0 64.6
2020-Q2 26.8 80.2 64.2
2020-Q3 29.2 80.7 64.2
2020-Q4 29.6 81.5 64.9
2021-Q1 29.8 81.3 65.1

Employment rate by age group

  • Scope: population of people living in households in France excluding Mayotte, people aged 15-64 years.
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey.

Underemployment was stable over the quarter and increased over a year

In Q1 2021, the share of underemployment in employment was stable at 8.1%. It reached an exceptional peak in Q2 2020, at 15.7%, including 10.6% of people in technical unemployment or partial activity, and then fell back in Q3. By the end of 2020, it had slightly risen again due to the second containment.

Underemployment exceeded its pre-crisis level (end of 2019) by 2.2 points. This increase entirely came from people who had involuntarily worked less than usual (including temporary layoff and partial working): 2.8% of those in employment at the beginning of 2021 compared to only 0.2% before the crisis.

At the beginning of 2021, more than one out of five participants in the labour market (active or in the halo aroud unemployment) were constrained in their labour supply, either by the absence of a job (unemployed or halo around unemployment), or in a situation of underemployment. This share was stable over the quarter, at 20.9%, 2.1 points above its level at the end of 2019 but 7.9 points below its peak in Q2 2020.

From unemployment to labour market supply constraint: shares among participants (employment, unemployment, halo) in the labour market

From unemployment to labour market supply constraint: shares among participants (employment, unemployment, halo) in the labour market
Unemployment Unemployment + halo labour market supply constraint (unemployment + halo + underemployment)
2003-Q1 8.0 13.0 17.6
2003-Q2 8.1 13.0 17.5
2003-Q3 8.0 13.2 17.9
2003-Q4 8.3 13.5 18.6
2004-Q1 8.5 13.8 18.7
2004-Q2 8.3 13.6 18.6
2004-Q3 8.4 13.7 18.8
2004-Q4 8.5 13.6 18.7
2005-Q1 8.2 13.3 18.5
2005-Q2 8.4 13.4 18.4
2005-Q3 8.6 13.5 18.4
2005-Q4 8.6 13.6 18.5
2006-Q1 8.7 13.8 18.7
2006-Q2 8.5 13.6 18.6
2006-Q3 8.5 13.4 18.7
2006-Q4 7.9 13.2 18.4
2007-Q1 8.1 13.1 18.4
2007-Q2 7.7 12.8 18.1
2007-Q3 7.6 12.3 17.8
2007-Q4 7.2 11.9 17.5
2008-Q1 6.9 11.7 17.1
2008-Q2 7.0 11.7 17.3
2008-Q3 7.1 11.9 17.5
2008-Q4 7.4 12.1 18.0
2009-Q1 8.2 13.1 19.1
2009-Q2 8.8 13.7 19.8
2009-Q3 8.7 13.8 19.9
2009-Q4 9.1 14.2 20.5
2010-Q1 8.9 14.0 20.6
2010-Q2 8.8 14.0 20.2
2010-Q3 8.8 13.9 20.2
2010-Q4 8.8 13.7 20.2
2011-Q1 8.7 13.9 19.4
2011-Q2 8.7 13.8 19.7
2011-Q3 8.8 13.9 19.8
2011-Q4 8.9 14.0 20.0
2012-Q1 9.0 14.1 20.0
2012-Q2 9.3 14.2 20.3
2012-Q3 9.3 14.4 20.3
2012-Q4 9.7 14.8 20.7
2013-Q1 9.9 14.9 21.3
2013-Q2 10.0 15.2 21.2
2013-Q3 9.8 15.1 21.3
2013-Q4 9.7 15.0 21.1
2014-Q1 9.7 15.1 21.2
2014-Q2 9.7 15.0 21.0
2014-Q3 9.8 15.4 21.6
2014-Q4 9.9 15.5 21.7
2015-Q1 9.8 15.5 21.8
2015-Q2 10.0 15.6 22.0
2015-Q3 9.8 15.5 21.8
2015-Q4 9.7 15.3 21.7
2016-Q1 9.7 15.4 21.6
2016-Q2 9.5 15.4 21.7
2016-Q3 9.4 15.3 21.4
2016-Q4 9.5 15.3 21.3
2017-Q1 9.1 15.1 20.9
2017-Q2 9.0 14.9 20.7
2017-Q3 9.1 14.7 20.7
2017-Q4 8.5 14.3 19.8
2018-Q1 8.8 14.6 20.3
2018-Q2 8.6 14.4 20.0
2018-Q3 8.6 14.3 19.7
2018-Q4 8.3 14.1 19.6
2019-Q1 8.3 13.8 18.8
2019-Q2 8.0 13.8 18.8
2019-Q3 8.0 14.0 19.0
2019-Q4 7.7 13.8 18.8
2020-Q1 7.4 13.6 19.9
2020-Q2 6.6 15.6 28.8
2020-Q3 8.7 14.7 20.8
2020-Q4 7.6 13.8 20.9
2021-Q1 7.6 13.9 20.9

From unemployment to labour market supply constraint: shares among participants (employment, unemployment, halo) in the labour market

  • Scope: France excluding Mayotte, people from households, aged 15 to 64.
  • Source: Insee, Labour Force Survey.

In Q1 2021, the average number of hours worked increased by 1.0% to 31.0 hours per week (seasonally adjusted data). After an unprecedented low in Q2 2020 (-12.9%), the average number of weekly hours worked per job rebounded (+20.3%) in Q3. However, at the beginning of 2021, the average number of hours worked per job was still below its pre-crisis level (by 1.3% compared to the end of 2019).

Average number of worked hours per week and job

Average number of worked hours per week and job
2014-Q1 30.8
2014-Q2 30.7
2014-Q3 31.1
2014-Q4 31.6
2015-Q1 30.6
2015-Q2 30.9
2015-Q3 31.1
2015-Q4 30.6
2016-Q1 31.7
2016-Q2 32.1
2016-Q3 31.3
2016-Q4 31.0
2017-Q1 32.0
2017-Q2 31.2
2017-Q3 30.9
2017-Q4 31.6
2018-Q1 31.3
2018-Q2 30.9
2018-Q3 31.5
2018-Q4 31.5
2019-Q1 31.4
2019-Q2 31.3
2019-Q3 31.5
2019-Q4 31.4
2020-Q1 29.4
2020-Q2 25.6
2020-Q3 30.8
2020-Q4 30.7
2021-Q1 31.0

Average number of worked hours per week and job

  • Scope: France excluding Mayotte, employed people from households, aged 15 to 64.
  • Source: Insee, Labour Force Survey.

Full-time employment rate declined while part-time employment rate increased

The full-time employment rate stood at 54.7% in Q1 2021. It fell by 0.3 points over the quarter and over a year. However, the part-time employment rate increased over the quarter (+0.2 points) and was now almost back to its level of early 2020 (-0.1 points). As a result, the proportion of part-time employment rose by 0.3 points over the quarter, to 18.3%.

ILO employment rate in the population aged 15-64 years

Seasonally adjusted, average over quarter
ILO employment rate in the population aged 15-64 years (Seasonally adjusted, average over quarter)
% of people in the age group Variation in over
66,5 66,5 0 -0,3
Employed people 65.0 65.6 0.6 -0.4
by sex
Men 68.8 69.3 0.5 -0.4
Women 64.3 63.9 -0.4 -0.2
by age
15-24 years 29.6 29.8 0.2 -0.2
25-49 years 81.5 81.3 -0.2 -0.7
50-64 years 64.9 65.1 0.2 0.5
Included : 55-64 years 55.7 56.0 0.3 0.6
by type of employment contract
Permanent employment 50.3 50.2 -0.1 0.2
Fixed-term and temporary employment 6.2 6.1 -0.1 -0.7
Other types of employment 10.0 10.2 0.2 0.1
by contractual working time
Full-time employment 55.0 54.7 -0.3 -0.3
Part-time employment 11.6 11.8 0.2 -0.1
Full-time equivalent employment rate 61.8 61.8 0.0 -0.2
  • Scope: people living in ordinary housings, aged 15 to 64 years, in France excluding Mayotte
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey

Both permanent employment and fixed-term or temporary employment rates are virtually stable

The permanent employment rate for people aged 15 to 64 reached 50.2% in Q1 2021. It was almost stable (-0.1 point), after a 0.7 points increase in the previous quarter. It stood 0.2 points above its level at the beginning of 2020. The rate of employment on fixed-term contract or temporary work was also virtually stable over the quarter (-0.1 points). After an unprecedented fall in Q2 2020, it had partially recovered in Q3. At 6.1% at the beginning of 2021, it was 1.2 points below its high level at the end of 2017 and 0.7 points below its level at the beginning of 2020.

The activity rate was stable

The activity rate of people aged 15 to 64 was stable over the quarter, at 72.4%. It fell by 2.3 points in Q2 2020, during the first containment, then recovered in the third quarter. At the end of 2020, it fell slightly again (-0.2 points), during the second containment.

In total, the activity rate was 0.4 points below its level before the health crisis at the end of 2019. This decline was the result of people withdrawing from the labour market into inactivity, in particular by ceasing their job search due to sanitary restrictions. Compared to the end of 2019, the participation rate was almost at the same level for men (+0.1 points) but 0.9 points lower for women.

Over the quarter, the activity rate rose sharply for young people (+0.9 points), fell for those aged 25 to 49 (-0.2 points) and was almost stable for those aged 50 to 64 (-0.1 points). Compared to the end of 2019, it was down for young people (-0.3 points) and 25-49 year old people (-0.6 points) but up for those aged 50 to 64 (+0.2 points).

ILO activity rate in the population aged 15-64 years

Seasonally adjusted, average over quarter
ILO activity rate in the population aged 15-64 years (Seasonally adjusted, average over quarter)
% of people in the age group Variation in points over
2020Q4 2021Q1 quarter year
Active people 72.4 72.4 0.0 -0.2
by sex
Men 75.0 75.6 0.6 0.0
Women 69.9 69.3 -0.6 -0.4
by age
15-24 years 36.8 37.7 0.9 -0.1
25-49 years 88.0 87.8 -0.2 -0.4
50-64 years 68.9 68.8 -0.1 0.4
Included : 55-64 years 59.4 59.4 0.0 0.5
  • Scope: people living in ordinary housings, aged 15 to 64 years, in France excluding Mayotte
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey

The share of young people neither in employment nor in education or training exceeded its pre-crisis level

At the beginning of 2021, the share of young people aged 15 to 29 neither in employment nor in education or training (NEET) increased by 0.3 percentage points to 13.1%, after a 0.4 points fall in the previous quarter due to a relative improvement in youth employment. This quarter it stood 0.8 percentage points above its pre-crisis level.

Share of people aged 15 to 29 neither in employment nor in education or training (NEET)

Share of people aged 15 to 29 neither in employment nor in education or training (NEET)
2014-Q1 13.6
2014-Q2 13.3
2014-Q3 13.6
2014-Q4 13.7
2015-Q1 14.0
2015-Q2 14.0
2015-Q3 14.1
2015-Q4 14.2
2016-Q1 13.8
2016-Q2 13.8
2016-Q3 13.5
2016-Q4 13.9
2017-Q1 13.3
2017-Q2 13.7
2017-Q3 13.2
2017-Q4 13.0
2018-Q1 13.2
2018-Q2 12.9
2018-Q3 13.2
2018-Q4 12.8
2019-Q1 12.6
2019-Q2 12.4
2019-Q3 12.5
2019-Q4 12.3
2020-Q1 12.5
2020-Q2 15.5
2020-Q3 13.2
2020-Q4 12.8
2021-Q1 13.1

Share of people aged 15 to 29 neither in employment nor in education or training (NEET)

  • Scope: France excluding Mayotte, people from households, aged 15 to 29.
  • Source: Insee, Labour Force Survey.

Revisions and next estimate

In order to estimate the breaks induced by the overhaul of the French labor force survey, a vast methodological "Pilot survey” was conducted throughout the year 2020 and in the first quarter of 2021. The pilot survey allowed estimating backward-looking "break free" series of the main economic indicators, in order to continue to shed light on the labor market over the long term.

All in all, the level of the main labour market indicators is more or less modified depending on the indicator. In particular, compared to the old version of the survey, the employment rate for people aged 15 to 64 is raised by 0.8 points in 2020, while the unemployment rate is unchanged. The share of the so-called “halo around unemployment” among people aged 15 to 64 is raised by 0.8 points. Finally, the long-term unemployment rate is lowered by 1.0 point due to a change in the definition of the "last job" held. The trends in all the break-adjusted indicators are virtually unchanged over the past, especially during the health and economic crisis of 2020. All these changes and their impact on the main published indicators are presented in an "Insee Analyses" published on 29 June 2021.

The next publication, relative to Q2 2021, is scheduled for 13 August 2021 at 7:30 am.

Pour en savoir plus

: bureau-de-presse@insee.fr
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