Insee
Informations Rapides · 12 May 2021 · n° 123
Informations rapidesIn April 2021, consumer prices rose by 0.1% over one month and by 1.2% year on yearConsumer price index - final results - April 2021

Informations rapides
No 123
Paru le : Paru le 12/05/2021
Prochaine parution le : 13/07/2021 at 08:45 - June 2021
Warning

The health crisis due to the Covid-19 impacted the quality of the data in April: price collection on the field has been progressively adjourned since the end of March 2021 with the lockdown of the different territories; moreover, certain products were unavailable for sale.

Additional information is available in “For further information”.

Monthly change: +0.1% in April; Year-on-year change: +1.2%

In April 2021, the Consumer Price Index (CPI) rose by 0.1% over one month, after +0.6% in March.

The manufactured good prices (–0.1% after +1.6%) and those of energy (–0.4% after +2.2%) fell back. The prices of tobacco were stable in April as in March. The service prices grew by 0.1% as in the previous month and those of food increased (+0.6% after being stable).

Seasonally adjusted, consumer prices advanced by 0.1% as in March.

Year on year, consumer prices rose by 1.2%, after +1.1% in March. The energy prices accelerated (+8.8% after +4.7%) and those of services accelerated slightly (+1.2% after +1.1%). The tobacco prices grew at the same rate as in the previous month (+5.8%). The decrease in manufactured good prices was maintained at the same level as in March (–0.2%). The food prices fell back (–0.3% after +0.9%).

Increase in core inflation year on year

Year on year, core inflation grew, in April, up to +1.0% after +0.8% in March. The Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP) rose by 0.2% over one month after +0.7% in the previous month; year on year, it increased by 1.6%, after +1.4% in March.

Consumer Price Index (CPI), core inflation (ISJ) and Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP) year-on-year changes

Consumer Price Index (CPI), core inflation (ISJ) and Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP) year-on-year changes ()
HICP ISJ CPI
2014-01 0.8 0.2 0.6
2014-02 1.1 0.8 0.9
2014-03 0.8 0.5 0.6
2014-04 0.8 0.5 0.7
2014-05 0.8 0.3 0.7
2014-06 0.6 0.1 0.5
2014-07 0.6 0.1 0.5
2014-08 0.5 0.3 0.4
2014-09 0.4 0.1 0.3
2014-10 0.5 0.0 0.5
2014-11 0.4 -0.2 0.3
2014-12 0.1 -0.1 0.1
2015-01 -0.4 0.1 -0.4
2015-02 -0.3 0.2 -0.3
2015-03 0.0 0.2 -0.1
2015-04 0.1 0.4 0.1
2015-05 0.3 0.5 0.3
2015-06 0.3 0.6 0.3
2015-07 0.2 0.6 0.2
2015-08 0.1 0.5 0.0
2015-09 0.1 0.6 0.0
2015-10 0.2 0.8 0.1
2015-11 0.1 0.9 0.0
2015-12 0.3 1.0 0.2
2016-01 0.3 0.9 0.2
2016-02 -0.1 0.7 -0.2
2016-03 -0.1 0.7 -0.1
2016-04 -0.1 0.6 -0.2
2016-05 0.1 0.7 0.0
2016-06 0.3 0.7 0.2
2016-07 0.4 0.5 0.2
2016-08 0.4 0.4 0.2
2016-09 0.5 0.7 0.4
2016-10 0.5 0.5 0.4
2016-11 0.7 0.6 0.5
2016-12 0.8 0.4 0.6
2017-01 1.6 0.6 1.3
2017-02 1.4 0.1 1.2
2017-03 1.4 0.4 1.1
2017-04 1.4 0.5 1.2
2017-05 0.9 0.4 0.8
2017-06 0.8 0.4 0.7
2017-07 0.8 0.5 0.7
2017-08 1.0 0.5 0.9
2017-09 1.1 0.5 1.0
2017-10 1.2 0.5 1.1
2017-11 1.2 0.5 1.2
2017-12 1.2 0.6 1.2
2018-01 1.5 0.8 1.3
2018-02 1.3 0.7 1.2
2018-03 1.7 0.9 1.6
2018-04 1.8 0.8 1.6
2018-05 2.3 1.0 2.0
2018-06 2.3 0.8 2.0
2018-07 2.6 0.8 2.3
2018-08 2.6 0.9 2.3
2018-09 2.5 0.7 2.2
2018-10 2.5 0.8 2.2
2018-11 2.2 0.7 1.9
2018-12 1.9 0.7 1.6
2019-01 1.4 0.6 1.2
2019-02 1.6 0.6 1.3
2019-03 1.3 0.5 1.1
2019-04 1.5 0.7 1.3
2019-05 1.1 0.5 0.9
2019-06 1.4 0.9 1.2
2019-07 1.3 0.8 1.1
2019-08 1.3 0.7 1.0
2019-09 1.1 0.9 0.9
2019-10 0.9 0.9 0.8
2019-11 1.2 0.9 1.0
2019-12 1.6 1.0 1.5
2020-01 1.7 1.0 1.5
2020-02 1.6 1.3 1.4
2020-03 0.8 0.8 0.7
2020-04 0.4 0.3 0.3
2020-05 0.4 0.6 0.4
2020-06 0.2 0.3 0.2
2020-07 0.9 1.3 0.8
2020-08 0.2 0.5 0.2
2020-09 0.0 0.5 0.0
2020-10 0.1 0.3 0.0
2020-11 0.2 0.4 0.2
2020-12 0.0 0.1 0.0
2021-01 0.8 1.0 0.6
2021-02 0.8 0.6 0.6
2021-03 1.4 0.8 1.1
2021-04 1.6 1.0 1.2

Consumer Price Index (CPI), core inflation (ISJ) and Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP) year-on-year changes

  • Source: INSEE.

Acceleration in energy prices year on year

Year on year, the energy prices accelerated in April (+8.8% after +4.7%). The prices of petroleum product increased sharply (+13.9% after +5.6%) in link with diesel prices (+12.0% after +5.3%) and petrol prices (+18.3% after +7.3%). The natural and town gas prices accelerated in April (+9.5% after +8.7%) and those of electricity increased at the same rate as in the previous month (+3.0%).

Slight acceleration in service prices year on year

Year on year, service prices increased by 1.2% in April, after +1.1% in March. The prices of communication services accelerated (+4.2% after +1.3%) in the wake of the rebound of the wireless telephone service prices (+5.1% after −0.7%). The prices of « other services » accelerated (+1.3% after +1.0%) and those of housing-related services rose by 0.9% as in March. The transport service prices decelerated slightly (+1.7% after +1.8%) in link with the downturn of the transport by road prices (−0.6% after +0.8%). After two months of stability, the prices of health services fell back (−0.9%) in link with the marked decrease in services of medical analysis laboratories and X-ray centres (−5.9% after −0.8%) and in dental services (−3.0% after −1.5%).

Detailed figures for various groups

2015:100
Detailed figures for various groups (2015:100)
Items Weight Index Percentage change
2021 April 2021 m-on-m change (2) y-on-y change (3)
a) All households
Overall 10000 105.86 0.1 1.2
Overall SA(1) 10000 105.73 0.1 1.2
Food 1785 108.84 0.6 -0.3
Fresh food 261 129.34 3.3 -3.6
Other food 1524 105.65 0.1 0.3
Tobacco 243 155.95 0.0 5.8
Manufactured products 2501 98.14 -0.1 -0.2
Clothing and footwear 354 100.09 0.3 -2.3
Medical products 438 87.49 -0.1 -1.0
Other manufactured products 1709 100.36 -0.1 0.4
Energy 746 115.23 -0.4 8.8
Petroleum products 343 116.35 -0.1 13.9
Services 4725 105.89 0.1 1.2
Actual rentals and services for dwellings 853 102.86 0.0 0.9
Health services 647 102.04 -0.7 -0.9
Transport 172 98.97 0.4 1.7
Communication 243 99.19 0.2 4.2
Other services 2810 108.57 0.3 1.3
Total except rents and tobacco 9062 105.20 0.1 1.2
Total except tobacco 9757 105.00 0.1 1.1
b) Urban working-class households or households of employees
All products excluding tobacco 9632 104,7 0,1 1,1
c) Households that belong to the lowest equivalized disposable income quintile - France
All products excluding tobacco 9624 104,46 0,1 1,2
  • (1) seasonally adjusted
  • (2) : [m/(m-1)]
  • (3) : [m/(m-12)]
  • Geographical coverage: France (Mayotte excluded) 
  • Source : INSEE – Consumer Price Indices

Stable decrease in manufactured product prices year on year

Year on year, manufactured product prices decreased by 0.2% as in March. The clothing and footwear prices declined less than in the previous month (−2.3% after −2.7%). The prices of « other manufactured goods » slowed down (+0.4% after +0.6%) in link with those of major household appliances (+0.1% after +1.1%) and those of glassware, tableware and household utensils (+1.1% after +1.5%). The prices of game, toys and hobbies (−1.3% after +1.5%) and those of non-durable household goods (−0.3% after being stable) fell back. Contrariwise, the prices of furniture and furnishings (+3.6% after +3.2%) and those of newspapers and periodicals (+6.3% after +4.2%) accelerated. The vehicle prices grew at the same rate as in the previous month (+0.3%). Finally, the prices of health products decreased by 1.0% as in March.

Downturn in food prices year on year

In April, food prices decreased by 0.3% after +0.9% in March. The prices of fresh produces fell back (−3.6% after +4.4%) in the wake of those of fresh vegetables (−6.9% after +6.3%) and those of fresh fish (−10.4% after −3.8%). The prices of fresh fruits slowed down for the second consecutive month (+2.4% after +6.7% in March and +8,1% in February). Excluding fresh produces, food prices decelerated slightly (+0.3% after +0.4%). The prices of meat slowed down (+0.5% after +0.6%) and those of bread and cereals fell back (−0.8% after +0.5%). Contrariwise, the prices of milk, cheese and eggs (+0.5% after +0.2%) and those of alcoholic beverages (+1.6% after +0.8%) accelerated.

Detailed figures for Core inflation and HICP

2015:100
Detailed figures for Core inflation and HICP (2015:100)
Items Weight Index Percentage change
2021 April 2021 m-on-m change (1) y-on-y change (2)
Core inflation - All items 6008 103.91 0.0 1.0
Food excluding fresh products. meat. milk and exotic products 841 103.97 0.0 0.2
Manufactured products 2011 99.37 -0.2 -0.1
Services including actual rentals and services for dwellings 3156 106.92 0.1 1.8
HICP - All items 10000 107.02 0.2 1.6
  • (1) : [m/(m-1)]
  • (2) : [m/(m-12)]
  • Source: INSEE - Consumer Price Indices

Revisions

Compared with the provisional estimates published on April 30, 2021, the month-on-month and year-on-year changes in the CPI and HICP were down by 0.1 points.

For further information

The price collection carried out by collectors on the field was adjourned with the beginning of lockdown, from the 16th March to the 15th June 2020, in November and December 2020 and progressively since the end of March 2021. Despite the introduction of alternative collection methods (price collection online, telephone collection, scanner data), the quality of the April indices was affected. The missing prices due to a lack of collection or an impossibility to purchase the products were imputed in compliance with Eurostat guidelines. In April 2021, this imputation rate due to Covid-19 is about 14%, after 8% in March. In April 2020, the imputation rate was about 44%.Therefore, the level of the indices, the month-on-month rate and particularly the year-on-year rate should be considered cautiously.

Next publication of final results: 15 June 2021 at 8:45

Documentation

Abbreviated Methodology (pdf, 131 Ko)

Methodology (pdf, 141 Ko)

Pour en savoir plus

The price collection carried out by collectors on the field was adjourned with the beginning of lockdown, from the 16th March to the 15th June 2020, in November and December 2020 and progressively since the end of March 2021. Despite the introduction of alternative collection methods (price collection online, telephone collection, scanner data), the quality of the April indices was affected. The missing prices due to a lack of collection or an impossibility to purchase the products were imputed in compliance with Eurostat guidelines. In April 2021, this imputation rate due to Covid-19 is about 14%, after 8% in March. In April 2020, the imputation rate was about 44%.Therefore, the level of the indices, the month-on-month rate and particularly the year-on-year rate should be considered cautiously.

Next publication of final results: 15 June 2021 at 8:45

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