Insee
Informations Rapides · 31 March 2021 · n° 086
Informations rapidesIn March 2021, consumer prices increased by 1.1% year on yearConsumer price index - provisional results - March 2021

Informations rapides
No 086
Paru le : Paru le 31/03/2021
Prochaine parution le : 30/04/2021 at 08:45 - April 2021
Warning

These provisional results are only preliminary data. Accordingly, they should not be used for contractual revaluations. The indices published here are based on a limited set of price observations and from estimates of some rates of change for fares which are not yet available. The complete results will be published on 15 April 2021.

Moreover, the health crisis due to the Covid-19 impacts the quality of the data: price collection on the field has been adjourned since the 20th of March in some metropolitan departments; moreover, certain products were unavailable for sale.

Additional information is available in “For further information”.

Over a year, the Consumer Price Index (CPI) should rise by 1.1% in March 2021, after +0.6% in the previous month, according to the provisional estimate made at the end of the month. This increase in inflation should result from the acceleration in the service prices and from a marked rebound of those of the energy. The decrease in manufactured goods prices should soften as compared to the previous month. The food prices and those of tobacco should slow down.

Over one month, consumer prices should rise by 0.6% after being stable in February. The prices of manufactured goods should rebound sharply due to the end of the winter sales. The tobacco prices should be stable and those of food should decrease at the same rate as in February. The service prices and those of energy should slow down slightly.

Year on year, the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices should rise by 1.4% after +0.8% in February. Over one month, it should increase by 0.7% after being stable in the previous month.

Consumer Price Indices

Year-on-year change %; 2015: 100
Consumer Price Indices (Year-on-year change %; 2015: 100)
Weight 2021 March 2020 February 2021 March 2021 (p)
CPI - All items* 10000 0.7 0.6 1.1
Food 1785 1.9 0.8 0.7
- Fresh food 261 4.7 3.7 3.8
- Other food products 1524 1.4 0.3 0.2
Tobacco 243 13.8 12.8 5.8
Energy 746 -4.0 -1.6 4.8
Manufactured products 2501 -0.4 -0.4 -0.2
Services 4725 1.1 0.8 1.1
HICP** - All items 10000 0.8 0.8 1.4
  • (p) provisional results
  • *: Consumer Price Indices
  • **: Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices

Variations in the consumer price index

Variations in the consumer price index ()
12-month-rate 1-month-rate
2017-01 1.3 -0.2
2017-02 1.2 0.1
2017-03 1.1 0.6
2017-04 1.2 0.1
2017-05 0.8 0.0
2017-06 0.7 0.0
2017-07 0.7 -0.3
2017-08 0.9 0.5
2017-09 1.0 -0.2
2017-10 1.1 0.1
2017-11 1.2 0.1
2017-12 1.2 0.3
2018-01 1.3 -0.1
2018-02 1.2 0.0
2018-03 1.6 1.0
2018-04 1.6 0.2
2018-05 2.0 0.4
2018-06 2.0 0.0
2018-07 2.3 -0.1
2018-08 2.3 0.5
2018-09 2.2 -0.2
2018-10 2.2 0.1
2018-11 1.9 -0.2
2018-12 1.6 0.0
2019-01 1.2 -0.4
2019-02 1.3 0.0
2019-03 1.1 0.8
2019-04 1.3 0.3
2019-05 0.9 0.1
2019-06 1.2 0.2
2019-07 1.1 -0.2
2019-08 1.0 0.5
2019-09 0.9 -0.3
2019-10 0.8 0.0
2019-11 1.0 0.1
2019-12 1.5 0.4
2020-01 1.5 -0.4
2020-02 1.4 0.0
2020-03 0.7 0.1
2020-04 0.3 0.0
2020-05 0.4 0.1
2020-06 0.2 0.1
2020-07 0.8 0.4
2020-08 0.2 -0.1
2020-09 0.0 -0.5
2020-10 0.0 0.0
2020-11 0.2 0.2
2020-12 0.0 0.2
2021-01 0.6 0.2
2021-02 0.6 0.0
2021-03 1.1 0.6

Variations in the consumer price index

  • Geographical coverage: France excluding Mayotte.
  • Source: INSEE - Consumer Price Indices.

For further information

The price collection carried out by collectors on the field in 16 metropolitan departments has been suspended since the 20th of March. Despite the introduction of alternative collection methods (price collection online, telephone collection, scanner data), the quality of the March indices was affected.

The missing prices due to a lack of collection or an impossibility to purchase the products were imputed in compliance with Eurostat guidelines. The imputation rate should be 11%.

Definition

The Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP) is designed for comparison of consumer price inflation between Members States of the European Union. It is computed for all households in France except Mayotte.

Publication of final results: 15 April 2021 at 8:45 am

Next publication: 30 April 2021 at 8:45 am

Pour en savoir plus

The price collection carried out by collectors on the field in 16 metropolitan departments has been suspended since the 20th of March. Despite the introduction of alternative collection methods (price collection online, telephone collection, scanner data), the quality of the March indices was affected.

The missing prices due to a lack of collection or an impossibility to purchase the products were imputed in compliance with Eurostat guidelines. The imputation rate should be 11%.

Definition

The Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP) is designed for comparison of consumer price inflation between Members States of the European Union. It is computed for all households in France except Mayotte.

Publication of final results: 15 April 2021 at 8:45 am

Next publication: 30 April 2021 at 8:45 am

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