Insee
Informations rapides · 6 January 2021 · n° 001
Informations rapidesIn December 2020, consumer prices were stable year on yearConsumer price index - provisional results - December 2020

Informations rapides
No 001
Paru le : Paru le 06/01/2021
Prochaine parution le : 02/02/2021 at 08:45 - January 2021
Warning

These provisional results are only preliminary data. Accordingly, they should not be used for contractual revaluations. The indices published here are based on a limited set of price observations and from estimates of some rates of change for fares which are not yet available. The complete results will be published on 15 January 2021.

Moreover, the health crisis due to the Covid-19 impacts the quality of the data: price collection on the field has been adjourned since the 30th of October; moreover, some products were unavailable for sale.

Additional information is available in “For further information”.

Over a year, the Consumer Price Index (CPI) should be stable in December 2020 after +0.2% in the previous month, according to the provisional estimate made at the end of the month. Compared to November, the food prices should be less dynamic and those of manufactured goods should decrease more sharply. The prices of services and those of tobacco should increase at the same rate. The decrease of the energy prices should soften slightly.

Over one month, consumer prices should rise by 0.2%, as in November. The services prices and those of energy should accelerate significantly. The prices of tobacco should be stable after a rebound the previous month. The food prices should fall back and those of manufactured goods should decrease more than in the previous month.

Year on year, the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices should be stable, after +0.2% in November. Over one month, it should rise by 0.2%, as in the previous month.

Consumer Price Indices

Year-on-year change %; 2015: 100
Consumer Price Indices (Year-on-year change %; 2015: 100)
Weight 2020 December 2019 November 2020 December 2020 (p)
CPI - All items* 10000 1.5 0.2 0.0
Food 1610 2.1 2.0 1.1
- Fresh food 230 2.1 11.1 6.2
- Other food products 1380 2.1 0.5 0.3
Tobacco 205 15.3 12.5 12.5
Energy 808 2.6 -7.8 -7.0
Manufactured products 2491 -0.3 -0.3 -1.0
Services 4886 1.4 0.7 0.7
HICP** - All items 10000 1.6 0.2 0.0
  • (p) provisional results
  • *: Consumer Price Indices
  • **: Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices

Variations in the consumer price index

Variations in the consumer price index ()
12-month-rate 1-month-rate
2017-01 1.3 -0.2
2017-02 1.2 0.1
2017-03 1.1 0.6
2017-04 1.2 0.1
2017-05 0.8 0.0
2017-06 0.7 0.0
2017-07 0.7 -0.3
2017-08 0.9 0.5
2017-09 1.0 -0.2
2017-10 1.1 0.1
2017-11 1.2 0.1
2017-12 1.2 0.3
2018-01 1.3 -0.1
2018-02 1.2 0.0
2018-03 1.6 1.0
2018-04 1.6 0.2
2018-05 2.0 0.4
2018-06 2.0 0.0
2018-07 2.3 -0.1
2018-08 2.3 0.5
2018-09 2.2 -0.2
2018-10 2.2 0.1
2018-11 1.9 -0.2
2018-12 1.6 0.0
2019-01 1.2 -0.4
2019-02 1.3 0.0
2019-03 1.1 0.8
2019-04 1.3 0.3
2019-05 0.9 0.1
2019-06 1.2 0.2
2019-07 1.1 -0.2
2019-08 1.0 0.5
2019-09 0.9 -0.3
2019-10 0.8 0.0
2019-11 1.0 0.1
2019-12 1.5 0.4
2020-01 1.5 -0.4
2020-02 1.4 0.0
2020-03 0.7 0.1
2020-04 0.3 0.0
2020-05 0.4 0.1
2020-06 0.2 0.1
2020-07 0.8 0.4
2020-08 0.2 -0.1
2020-09 0.0 -0.5
2020-10 0.0 0.0
2020-11 0.2 0.2
2020-12 0.0 0.2

Variations in the consumer price index

  • Geographical coverage: France excluding Mayotte.
  • Source: INSEE - Consumer Price Indices.

For further information

The price collection carried out by collectors on the field (about 40% in the CPI) has been suspended since the 30th of October. Despite the introduction of new collection methods (price collection online, telephone collection, scanner data), the quality of the December indices was affected. The missing prices due to a lack of collection or an impossibility to purchase the products were imputed in compliance with Eurostat guidelines.

For further information: https://insee.fr/en/statistiques/5008622#documentation

Definition

The Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP) is designed for comparison of consumer price inflation between Members States of the European Union. It is computed for all households in France except Mayotte.

Publication of final results: 15 January 2021 at 8:45 am

Next publication: 2 February 2021 at 8:45 am

The price collection carried out by collectors on the field (about 40% in the CPI) has been suspended since the 30th of October. Despite the introduction of new collection methods (price collection online, telephone collection, scanner data), the quality of the December indices was affected. The missing prices due to a lack of collection or an impossibility to purchase the products were imputed in compliance with Eurostat guidelines.

For further information: https://insee.fr/en/statistiques/5008622#documentation

Definition

The Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP) is designed for comparison of consumer price inflation between Members States of the European Union. It is computed for all households in France except Mayotte.

Publication of final results: 15 January 2021 at 8:45 am

Next publication: 2 February 2021 at 8:45 am


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