Informations rapides
15 December 2020
2020 - n° 315
In November 2020, consumer prices rose by 0.2% over one month and year on yearConsumer price index - final results - November 2020

Informations rapides
No 315
Paru le : Paru le 15/12/2020
Prochaine parution le : 15/12/2021 at 08:45 - November 2021
Warning

The health crisis due to the Covid-19 impacts the quality of the data for November 2020: price collection on the field has been adjourned since October 30, some outlets were closed and a lot of products were no more available for sale. The prices of 14% of the consumption are therefore imputed due to the health crisis.

Additional information is available in “For further information”.

Monthly change: 0.2% in November; Year-on-year change: 0.2%

In November 2020, the Consumer Price Index (CPI) rose by 0.2% over one month, after being stable in October 2020. The service prices rebounded (+0.1% after –0.3% in October) and those of food prices accelerated (+0.6% after +0.2%). The prices of tobacco grew sharply (+4.9%) after being stable in the last month and those of energy also increased (+0.3% after +0.2%). In contrast, the prices of manufactured goods fell back in November (–0.3% after +0.4% in October).

Seasonally adjusted, consumer prices rose by 0.4% in November, after being stable in October.

Year on year, consumer prices increased by 0.2% after being stable the two previous months. This increase in inflation resulted from the acceleration of the service prices (+0.7 % after +0.4 %) and those of the food (+2.0% after +1.5%). The energy prices fell at the same rate as in the last month (–7.8%). The prices of tobacco slowed down (+12.5% after +13.7%) and those of manufactured goods decreased more sharply (–0.3% after –0.1%).

Slightly increase in core inflation year on year

Year on year, core inflation rose, in November, up to +0.4% after +0.3% in October. The Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP) rose by 0.2% over a month after being stable in the previous month; year on year, it increased by 0.2% after +0.1% in October.

Consumer Price Index (CPI), core inflation (ISJ) and Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP) year-on-year changes

Consumer Price Index (CPI), core inflation (ISJ) and Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP) year-on-year changes ()
HICP CPI ISJ
2014-01 0.8 0.6 0.2
2014-02 1.1 0.9 0.8
2014-03 0.8 0.6 0.5
2014-04 0.8 0.7 0.5
2014-05 0.8 0.7 0.3
2014-06 0.6 0.5 0.1
2014-07 0.6 0.5 0.1
2014-08 0.5 0.4 0.3
2014-09 0.4 0.3 0.1
2014-10 0.5 0.5 0.0
2014-11 0.4 0.3 -0.2
2014-12 0.1 0.1 -0.1
2015-01 -0.4 -0.4 0.1
2015-02 -0.3 -0.3 0.2
2015-03 0.0 -0.1 0.2
2015-04 0.1 0.1 0.4
2015-05 0.3 0.3 0.5
2015-06 0.3 0.3 0.5
2015-07 0.2 0.2 0.6
2015-08 0.1 0.0 0.5
2015-09 0.1 0.0 0.6
2015-10 0.2 0.1 0.8
2015-11 0.1 0.0 0.9
2015-12 0.3 0.2 1.0
2016-01 0.3 0.2 0.9
2016-02 -0.1 -0.2 0.7
2016-03 -0.1 -0.1 0.7
2016-04 -0.1 -0.2 0.6
2016-05 0.1 0.0 0.7
2016-06 0.3 0.2 0.7
2016-07 0.4 0.2 0.5
2016-08 0.4 0.2 0.4
2016-09 0.5 0.4 0.7
2016-10 0.5 0.4 0.5
2016-11 0.7 0.5 0.5
2016-12 0.8 0.6 0.4
2017-01 1.6 1.3 0.6
2017-02 1.4 1.2 0.2
2017-03 1.4 1.1 0.4
2017-04 1.4 1.2 0.5
2017-05 0.9 0.8 0.3
2017-06 0.8 0.7 0.4
2017-07 0.8 0.7 0.5
2017-08 1.0 0.9 0.5
2017-09 1.1 1.0 0.5
2017-10 1.2 1.1 0.5
2017-11 1.2 1.2 0.6
2017-12 1.2 1.2 0.6
2018-01 1.5 1.3 0.8
2018-02 1.3 1.2 0.8
2018-03 1.7 1.6 0.9
2018-04 1.8 1.6 0.8
2018-05 2.3 2.0 1.0
2018-06 2.3 2.0 0.8
2018-07 2.6 2.3 0.8
2018-08 2.6 2.3 0.9
2018-09 2.5 2.2 0.7
2018-10 2.5 2.2 0.7
2018-11 2.2 1.9 0.6
2018-12 1.9 1.6 0.6
2019-01 1.4 1.2 0.8
2019-02 1.6 1.3 0.8
2019-03 1.3 1.1 0.5
2019-04 1.5 1.3 0.7
2019-05 1.1 0.9 0.5
2019-06 1.4 1.2 0.9
2019-07 1.3 1.1 0.9
2019-08 1.3 1.0 0.7
2019-09 1.1 0.9 0.9
2019-10 0.9 0.8 1.0
2019-11 1.2 1.0 1.0
2019-12 1.6 1.5 1.1
2020-01 1.7 1.5 1.0
2020-02 1.6 1.4 1.3
2020-03 0.8 0.7 0.7
2020-04 0.4 0.3 0.3
2020-05 0.4 0.4 0.6
2020-06 0.2 0.2 0.3
2020-07 0.9 0.8 1.4
2020-08 0.2 0.2 0.5
2020-09 0.0 0.0 0.5
2020-10 0.1 0.0 0.3
2020-11 0.2 0.2 0.4

Consumer Price Index (CPI), core inflation (ISJ) and Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP) year-on-year changes

  • Source: INSEE.

Acceleration in service prices year on year

Year on year, service prices increased by 0.7% in November, after +0.4% in October 2020. The prices of communication services rose by 1.1% after –1.6% in the previous month in link with the rebound of mobile phone service prices (+0.2% after −5.6%). The decrease in the prices of transport services softened (–3.7% after –5.4%) in the wake of airfares (–8.1% after –14.6%). The prices of health services (+0.5% after +0.4%) and those of « other services » (+1.2% after +1.1%) accelerated slightly. The prices of housing-related services increased at the same rate as in the previous month (+0.3%).

Increase in food inflation year on year

In November 2020, food prices increased more sharply year on year than in October (+2.0% after +1.5%). The prices of fresh produces accelerated (+11.1% after +7.6%) in the wake of those of fresh vegetables (+20.1% after +12.6%) and those of fresh fruits (+9.7% after +8.7%). The prices of fresh fishes rebounded (+4.2% after –0.2%) compared to the last month. Excluding fresh produces, food prices increased at the same rate as in October (+0.5%). The prices of milk, cheese and eggs (+0.2% after –0.2%) and those of alcoholic beverages (+0.8% after +0.7%) grew while those of meat slowed down (+1.4% after +1.7%).

Same decrease in energy prices year on year as in October

Year on year, the decline in energy prices was the same than in the last month (−7.8%). Petroleum product prices decreased less strongly than in October (−15.2% after −15.5%). Those of electricity increased at the same rate as in the previous month (+3.8%) and those of natural and town gas diminished more strongly (−6.1% after −5.3%)

Detailed figures for various groups

2015:100
Detailed figures for various groups (2015:100)
Items Weight Index Percentage change
2020 November 2020 m-on-m change (2) y-on-y change (3)
a) All households
Overall 10000 104.73 0.2 0.2
Overall SA(1) 10000 104.91 0.4 0.2
Food 1610 108.41 0.6 2.0
Fresh food 230 128.24 3.0 11.1
Other food 1380 105.32 0.2 0.5
Tobacco 205 155.40 4.9 12.5
Manufactured products 2491 98.42 -0.3 -0.3
Clothing and footwear 380 102.16 -1.0 -1.8
Medical products 412 88.42 0.4 -1.5
Other manufactured products 1699 100.07 -0.3 0.3
Energy 808 106.84 0.3 -7.8
Petroleum products 439 102.17 0.2 -15.2
Services 4886 104.84 0.1 0.7
Actual rentals and services for dwellings 752 102.03 0.1 0.3
Health services 604 102.87 0.1 0.5
Transport 300 95.66 -0.9 -3.7
Communication 215 98.04 2.8 1.1
Other services 3015 107.47 0.0 1.2
Total except rents and tobacco 9185 104.05 0.1 -0.1
Total except tobacco 9795 103.86 0.1 -0.1
b) Urban working-class households or households of employees
All products excluding tobacco 9685 103.62 0.1 -0.1
c) Households that belong to the lowest equivalized disposable income quintile - France
All products excluding tobacco 9685 103.33 0.2 -0.2
  • (1) seasonally adjusted
  • (2) : [m/(m-1)]
  • (3) : [m/(m-12)]
  • Geographical coverage: France (Mayotte excluded) 
  • Source : INSEE – Consumer Price Indices

More accentuated decline in manufactured product prices year on year

Year on year, manufactured product prices fell by 0.3%, after –0.1% in the last month. Clothing and footwear prices dropped more than in the previous month (–1.8% year on year after –1.0% in October). Those of “other manufactured goods” slowed down (+0.3% after +0.6%). The prices of major household appliances accentuated their decline (−0.5 % after −0.1%). Those of newspapers, books and stationery (+1.6% after +2.0%) and those of glassware, tableware and household utensils (+0.7% after +0.8%) slowed down. The prices of furniture and furnishings (+2.1 % after +1.8%) and those of purchase of vehicles (+0.4% after +0.2%) accelerated. Finally, the fall in health product prices diminished (–1.5% year on year, after –1.8% in October).

Detailed figures for Core inflation and HICP

2015:100
Detailed figures for Core inflation and HICP (2015:100)
Items Weight Index Percentage change
2020 November 2020 m-on-m change (1) y-on-y change (2)
Core inflation - All items 6069 103.43 0.2 0.4
Food excluding fresh products. meat. milk and exotic products 754 103.58 0.0 0.2
Manufactured products 2032 99.35 -0.5 -0.3
Services including actual rentals and services for dwellings 3283 106.13 0.6 0.9
HICP - All items 10000 105.50 0.2 0.2
  • (1) : [m/(m-1)]
  • (2) : [m/(m-12)]
  • Source: INSEE - Consumer Price Indices

Revisions

Compared with the provisional estimates published on November 27, 2020, the month-on-month and year on year changes in the CPI and HICP have been confirmed.

For further information

The COVID-19 health crisis affected the quality of the April, May, June and November indices (and to a lesser extent March). The prices collected by INSEE collectors in physical outlets was adjourned from 16 March to 15 June, and then since October 30. The structure of household consumption has been modified by the crisis and some few products were still unavailable for sale.

For further information: https://insee.fr/en/statistiques/4993288#documentation

Next publication of final results: 15 January 2021 at 8:45

Pour en savoir plus

The COVID-19 health crisis affected the quality of the April, May, June and November indices (and to a lesser extent March). The prices collected by INSEE collectors in physical outlets was adjourned from 16 March to 15 June, and then since October 30. The structure of household consumption has been modified by the crisis and some few products were still unavailable for sale.

For further information: https://insee.fr/en/statistiques/4993288#documentation

Next publication of final results: 15 January 2021 at 8:45

: bureau-de-presse@insee.fr
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