Demography report 2019Fertility rate stabilizes in France

Sylvain Papon, Catherine Beaumel (division Enquêtes et études démographiques, Insee)

On 1 January 2020, the population of France is 67 million. In 2019, the population increases by 0.3%. As in previous years, this population growth is mainly due to the natural balance (+141,000 people), the difference between the number of births and deaths, although this balance is historically low.

In 2019, 753,000 babies were born in France. The fertility rate is 1.87 children per woman. It stabilizes in 2019, after declining between 2015 and 2018. In 2017, France remains the most fertile country in the European Union.

In 2019, 612,000 people died in France. Life expectancy at birth is 85.6 years for females and 79.7 years for males. The gap in life expectancy between women and men is high compared to other Western European countries.

In 2019, 227,000 marriages were celebrated. After a few years of stability, the number of marriages is declining again.

Insee Première
No 1789
Paru le : Paru le 14/01/2020
Sylvain Papon, Catherine Beaumel (division Enquêtes et études démographiques, Insee)
Insee Première  No 1789 - January 2020
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