20 December 2019
N° 2019-341

Household consumption expenditure on goods slowed down slightly in November (+0.1% after +0.2%)Household consumption expenditure on goods - November 2019

In November 2019, household consumption expenditure on goods slowed down slightly (+0.1% in volume*, after +0.2% in October). Consumption of manufactured goods increased again (+0.5% after +0.5%) and energy consumption rebounded (+1.2% after –1.5%) while food purchases fell sharply (–0.8% after +0.8%).

Informations rapides
No 341
Paru le : Paru le 20/12/2019
Prochaine parution le : 31/01/2020 at 08:45 - December 2019
Informations rapides  No 341 - December 2019

In November 2019, household consumption expenditure on goods slowed down slightly (+0.1% in volume*, after +0.2% in October). Consumption of manufactured goods increased again (+0.5% after +0.5%) and energy consumption rebounded (+1.2% after –1.5%) while food purchases fell sharply (–0.8% after +0.8%).

Total consumption of goods

Total consumption of goods
Monthly data
2009-01 45.256
2009-02 44.622
2009-03 44.417
2009-04 44.928
2009-05 45.374
2009-06 45.452
2009-07 45.092
2009-08 44.741
2009-09 45.317
2009-10 45.429
2009-11 45.397
2009-12 46.063
2010-01 45.62
2010-02 45.376
2010-03 45.761
2010-04 45.448
2010-05 45.733
2010-06 45.349
2010-07 45.902
2010-08 45.593
2010-09 45.931
2010-10 45.96
2010-11 46.535
2010-12 46.705
2011-01 46.613
2011-02 46.893
2011-03 46.562
2011-04 45.612
2011-05 45.538
2011-06 45.762
2011-07 45.664
2011-08 45.967
2011-09 45.835
2011-10 45.676
2011-11 45.683
2011-12 45.517
2012-01 45.588
2012-02 46.276
2012-03 45.508
2012-04 45.561
2012-05 45.573
2012-06 45.719
2012-07 45.609
2012-08 45.455
2012-09 45.384
2012-10 45.44
2012-11 45.404
2012-12 45.278
2013-01 45.156
2013-02 45.47
2013-03 45.75
2013-04 45.416
2013-05 45.667
2013-06 45.285
2013-07 45.416
2013-08 45.215
2013-09 45.297
2013-10 45.354
2013-11 46.069
2013-12 45.911
2014-01 45.099
2014-02 44.959
2014-03 45.099
2014-04 45.04
2014-05 45.288
2014-06 45.397
2014-07 45.369
2014-08 45.6
2014-09 45.363
2014-10 45.353
2014-11 45.431
2014-12 45.986
2015-01 46.206
2015-02 46.126
2015-03 45.81
2015-04 45.996
2015-05 45.892
2015-06 46.384
2015-07 46.484
2015-08 46.307
2015-09 46.528
2015-10 46.552
2015-11 45.658
2015-12 46.596
2016-01 46.926
2016-02 46.697
2016-03 47.1
2016-04 47.099
2016-05 46.884
2016-06 46.946
2016-07 46.541
2016-08 46.819
2016-09 46.835
2016-10 47.517
2016-11 47.407
2016-12 47.471
2017-01 47.743
2017-02 47.251
2017-03 47.116
2017-04 47.26
2017-05 47.793
2017-06 47.685
2017-07 47.817
2017-08 47.652
2017-09 48.337
2017-10 47.176
2017-11 48.179
2017-12 47.954
2018-01 47.015
2018-02 48.238
2018-03 48.217
2018-04 47.042
2018-05 47.501
2018-06 47.635
2018-07 47.391
2018-08 47.637
2018-09 47.188
2018-10 47.663
2018-11 47.493
2018-12 46.818
2019-01 47.495
2019-02 47.274
2019-03 47.157
2019-04 47.219
2019-05 47.36
2019-06 47.3
2019-07 47.514
2019-08 47.565
2019-09 47.416
2019-10 47.534
2019-11 47.585

Total consumption of goods

  • Source: INSEE.

Food products: decline

In November, food consumption fell sharply (–0.8% after +0.8%) due to the decline in tobacco consumption, due to the rise in prices this month, and the sharp decline in processed agri-food consumption. Fresh fruit and vegetables consumption was also decreasing.

Food products, engineered goods and energy

Food products, engineered goods and energy
Food products Energy Engineered goods
2009-01 16.443 9.244 19.662
2009-02 16.333 9.093 19.297
2009-03 16.127 8.898 19.457
2009-04 16.481 9.015 19.516
2009-05 16.483 8.91 20.022
2009-06 16.533 8.874 20.082
2009-07 16.505 8.861 19.78
2009-08 16.672 8.655 19.475
2009-09 16.641 8.74 19.971
2009-10 16.66 8.711 20.084
2009-11 16.499 8.605 20.291
2009-12 16.682 8.943 20.46
2010-01 16.605 8.972 20.091
2010-02 16.633 9.075 19.758
2010-03 16.699 8.853 20.229
2010-04 16.684 8.877 19.934
2010-05 16.807 8.87 20.092
2010-06 16.873 8.727 19.786
2010-07 16.898 8.787 20.23
2010-08 16.868 8.75 20.0
2010-09 16.895 8.84 20.218
2010-10 16.991 8.932 20.085
2010-11 16.966 8.895 20.67
2010-12 17.048 9.107 20.586
2011-01 17.013 8.788 20.803
2011-02 17.04 8.637 21.17
2011-03 16.974 8.577 20.969
2011-04 17.016 8.177 20.371
2011-05 16.991 8.359 20.169
2011-06 16.906 8.538 20.309
2011-07 16.953 8.576 20.141
2011-08 16.946 8.764 20.274
2011-09 17.017 8.584 20.236
2011-10 16.963 8.493 20.213
2011-11 16.963 8.391 20.306
2011-12 16.722 8.276 20.471
2012-01 16.977 8.498 20.104
2012-02 17.003 9.296 19.997
2012-03 16.911 8.225 20.344
2012-04 16.958 8.861 19.755
2012-05 16.863 8.574 20.126
2012-06 17.07 8.701 19.952
2012-07 17.095 8.549 19.964
2012-08 17.115 8.526 19.818
2012-09 17.019 8.533 19.833
2012-10 16.937 8.563 19.937
2012-11 16.835 8.735 19.838
2012-12 16.9 8.365 20.001
2013-01 16.933 8.564 19.66
2013-02 17.105 8.789 19.583
2013-03 17.351 8.867 19.545
2013-04 16.723 8.986 19.709
2013-05 17.094 8.873 19.707
2013-06 16.976 8.572 19.738
2013-07 17.124 8.498 19.797
2013-08 17.0 8.421 19.795
2013-09 17.07 8.39 19.837
2013-10 17.207 8.145 20.0
2013-11 17.271 8.694 20.106
2013-12 17.147 8.41 20.348
2014-01 17.077 8.05 19.972
2014-02 16.959 8.035 19.965
2014-03 17.121 7.978 20.0
2014-04 17.083 7.943 20.013
2014-05 17.184 8.135 19.969
2014-06 17.154 8.182 20.062
2014-07 17.033 8.175 20.161
2014-08 17.171 8.23 20.198
2014-09 17.254 8.176 19.935
2014-10 17.224 7.897 20.231
2014-11 17.242 7.899 20.289
2014-12 17.277 8.291 20.418
2015-01 17.302 8.296 20.607
2015-02 17.224 8.468 20.434
2015-03 17.214 8.168 20.428
2015-04 17.347 8.104 20.545
2015-05 17.296 8.098 20.498
2015-06 17.404 8.19 20.79
2015-07 17.354 8.359 20.771
2015-08 17.377 8.229 20.701
2015-09 17.258 8.34 20.93
2015-10 17.303 8.536 20.713
2015-11 17.359 7.905 20.394
2015-12 17.562 7.914 21.12
2016-01 17.47 8.128 21.323
2016-02 17.481 8.318 20.898
2016-03 17.429 8.497 21.179
2016-04 17.26 8.553 21.295
2016-05 17.322 8.541 21.029
2016-06 17.393 8.126 21.423
2016-07 17.383 8.281 20.878
2016-08 17.483 8.371 20.967
2016-09 17.534 8.287 21.012
2016-10 17.516 8.669 21.342
2016-11 17.453 8.548 21.413
2016-12 17.445 8.447 21.584
2017-01 17.475 8.839 21.451
2017-02 17.484 8.091 21.664
2017-03 17.508 7.923 21.664
2017-04 17.509 8.19 21.552
2017-05 17.55 8.371 21.872
2017-06 17.573 8.305 21.803
2017-07 17.532 8.343 21.94
2017-08 17.394 8.363 21.898
2017-09 17.544 8.61 22.192
2017-10 17.422 8.047 21.695
2017-11 17.636 8.463 22.082
2017-12 17.364 8.594 22.01
2018-01 17.38 7.921 21.711
2018-02 17.526 8.846 21.87
2018-03 17.546 8.753 21.921
2018-04 16.858 8.081 22.119
2018-05 17.26 8.196 22.053
2018-06 17.303 8.22 22.12
2018-07 17.309 8.176 21.909
2018-08 17.259 8.242 22.145
2018-09 17.056 8.152 21.99
2018-10 17.22 8.307 22.146
2018-11 17.126 8.284 22.095
2018-12 17.192 7.97 21.657
2019-01 17.057 8.452 21.989
2019-02 17.028 8.182 22.085
2019-03 16.892 8.042 22.261
2019-04 17.007 8.296 21.926
2019-05 17.053 8.298 22.02
2019-06 16.862 8.338 22.12
2019-07 16.924 8.352 22.26
2019-08 16.78 8.282 22.544
2019-09 16.885 8.293 22.264
2019-10 17.028 8.168 22.371
2019-11 16.883 8.264 22.473

Food products, engineered goods and energy

  • Source: INSEE

Energy: rebound

Energy consumption rebounded (+1.2% in November after –1.5%), due to the increase in gas and electricity consumption. In addition, refined product consumption remained stable.

Breakdown of energy

Breakdown of energy
Refined Products Energy, water, waste
2009-01 4.397 4.853
2009-02 4.351 4.742
2009-03 4.323 4.562
2009-04 4.364 4.641
2009-05 4.339 4.556
2009-06 4.311 4.55
2009-07 4.274 4.58
2009-08 4.073 4.597
2009-09 4.167 4.577
2009-10 4.152 4.563
2009-11 4.188 4.403
2009-12 4.288 4.655
2010-01 4.064 4.892
2010-02 4.294 4.774
2010-03 4.154 4.69
2010-04 4.259 4.614
2010-05 4.143 4.717
2010-06 4.102 4.617
2010-07 4.185 4.596
2010-08 4.122 4.62
2010-09 4.182 4.651
2010-10 4.176 4.746
2010-11 4.162 4.724
2010-12 4.069 5.02
2011-01 4.203 4.571
2011-02 4.17 4.451
2011-03 4.096 4.468
2011-04 4.027 4.131
2011-05 3.86 4.494
2011-06 4.017 4.511
2011-07 4.017 4.55
2011-08 4.177 4.573
2011-09 4.056 4.517
2011-10 4.012 4.47
2011-11 3.972 4.408
2011-12 3.845 4.424
2012-01 4.039 4.447
2012-02 4.071 5.262
2012-03 4.002 4.198
2012-04 3.955 4.93
2012-05 4.049 4.516
2012-06 4.122 4.569
2012-07 3.991 4.556
2012-08 3.958 4.57
2012-09 3.945 4.592
2012-10 3.973 4.592
2012-11 4.023 4.718
2012-12 3.849 4.522
2013-01 3.899 4.678
2013-02 3.981 4.825
2013-03 3.98 4.909
2013-04 4.044 4.964
2013-05 4.088 4.791
2013-06 3.888 4.699
2013-07 3.894 4.613
2013-08 3.866 4.564
2013-09 3.827 4.575
2013-10 3.858 4.276
2013-11 3.892 4.827
2013-12 3.898 4.514
2014-01 3.824 4.225
2014-02 3.793 4.243
2014-03 3.821 4.154
2014-04 3.804 4.136
2014-05 3.757 4.386
2014-06 3.864 4.319
2014-07 3.829 4.35
2014-08 3.88 4.352
2014-09 3.879 4.297
2014-10 3.869 4.018
2014-11 3.765 4.133
2014-12 3.967 4.321
2015-01 3.871 4.426
2015-02 3.866 4.602
2015-03 3.839 4.329
2015-04 3.888 4.215
2015-05 3.842 4.256
2015-06 3.875 4.315
2015-07 4.012 4.347
2015-08 3.89 4.339
2015-09 3.924 4.416
2015-10 3.874 4.662
2015-11 3.77 4.135
2015-12 4.025 3.89
2016-01 3.91 4.225
2016-02 3.967 4.355
2016-03 3.976 4.515
2016-04 3.922 4.616
2016-05 4.163 4.394
2016-06 3.663 4.44
2016-07 3.911 4.369
2016-08 3.992 4.383
2016-09 3.956 4.336
2016-10 3.977 4.676
2016-11 4.022 4.522
2016-12 3.988 4.457
2017-01 3.982 4.823
2017-02 3.91 4.195
2017-03 3.899 4.05
2017-04 3.917 4.281
2017-05 4.002 4.376
2017-06 3.957 4.354
2017-07 3.982 4.367
2017-08 3.961 4.403
2017-09 4.133 4.488
2017-10 3.791 4.253
2017-11 3.924 4.525
2017-12 4.059 4.534
2018-01 3.859 4.074
2018-02 3.937 4.884
2018-03 4.014 4.726
2018-04 3.941 4.152
2018-05 3.946 4.257
2018-06 3.93 4.294
2018-07 3.86 4.316
2018-08 3.91 4.333
2018-09 3.858 4.295
2018-10 3.997 4.318
2018-11 3.943 4.343
2018-12 3.756 4.213
2019-01 3.962 4.49
2019-02 3.96 4.224
2019-03 3.871 4.173
2019-04 3.936 4.361
2019-05 3.834 4.463
2019-06 3.97 4.368
2019-07 3.976 4.376
2019-08 3.924 4.359
2019-09 3.943 4.351
2019-10 3.916 4.254
2019-11 3.918 4.346

Breakdown of energy

  • Source: INSEE

Manufactured goods: further increase

Manufactured good consumption rose again (+0.5% in November after +0.5%). Purchases of durable goods slowed down (+0.6% after +1.1%). On the other hand, spending on clothing and textiles rebounded (+0.5% after –0.5%) and consumption of other manufactured goods increased again (+0.2% after +0.0%).

Durables: further increase

In November, durable good expenditure slowed down but remained lifted by the consumption of transport equipment (+0.9% after +2.1%), particularly second-hand cars purchases. On the other hand, household durable goods consumption fell (–0.4% after +0.5%).

Textile-clothing: rebound

Expenditure on clothing and textiles rebounded in November (+0.5% after –0.5%; this trend is partly extrapolated due to the temporary unavailability of data). Footwear sales increased after a stability in October.

Other engineered goods: further increase

In November, the consumption of "other manufactured goods" increased again (+0.2% after +0.0%), especially due to the increase in DIY items sales.

Breakdown of engineered goods

Breakdown of engineered goods
Transport equipment Textile-clothing Other engineered goods Household durables
2009-01 5.501 4.581 5.778 2.619
2009-02 5.485 4.291 5.717 2.596
2009-03 5.553 4.397 5.71 2.605
2009-04 5.633 4.34 5.696 2.626
2009-05 6.152 4.354 5.739 2.633
2009-06 5.87 4.559 5.737 2.68
2009-07 5.816 4.285 5.755 2.691
2009-08 5.696 4.118 5.722 2.697
2009-09 5.884 4.355 5.764 2.728
2009-10 5.922 4.451 5.776 2.718
2009-11 6.313 4.328 5.771 2.702
2009-12 6.319 4.415 5.811 2.721
2010-01 5.816 4.502 5.796 2.736
2010-02 5.673 4.245 5.828 2.756
2010-03 5.877 4.418 5.867 2.803
2010-04 5.566 4.407 5.925 2.77
2010-05 5.625 4.337 5.923 2.886
2010-06 5.62 4.125 5.959 2.804
2010-07 5.568 4.65 5.973 2.768
2010-08 5.37 4.433 5.965 2.911
2010-09 5.629 4.436 5.998 2.872
2010-10 5.602 4.367 6.011 2.836
2010-11 6.133 4.466 6.031 2.822
2010-12 6.114 4.438 6.016 2.804
2011-01 6.185 4.371 6.065 2.913
2011-02 6.31 4.52 6.071 3.004
2011-03 6.196 4.431 6.084 2.993
2011-04 5.609 4.501 6.107 2.873
2011-05 5.527 4.361 6.085 2.889
2011-06 5.514 4.424 6.108 2.938
2011-07 5.517 4.246 6.101 2.946
2011-08 5.581 4.305 6.115 2.952
2011-09 5.617 4.266 6.106 2.934
2011-10 5.541 4.326 6.122 2.919
2011-11 5.771 4.286 6.122 2.864
2011-12 5.648 4.331 6.119 3.046
2012-01 5.395 4.375 6.099 2.942
2012-02 5.3 4.265 6.127 3.025
2012-03 5.508 4.48 6.121 2.963
2012-04 5.328 3.981 6.069 3.054
2012-05 5.452 4.29 6.098 3.026
2012-06 5.326 4.121 6.132 3.047
2012-07 5.235 4.241 6.147 3.04
2012-08 5.223 4.224 6.096 2.984
2012-09 5.083 4.338 6.112 3.01
2012-10 5.151 4.328 6.125 3.032
2012-11 5.119 4.253 6.104 3.059
2012-12 5.313 4.254 6.122 3.034
2013-01 4.963 4.283 6.115 3.021
2013-02 4.975 4.209 6.115 3.0
2013-03 4.881 4.178 6.112 3.073
2013-04 4.964 4.217 6.145 3.085
2013-05 5.041 4.116 6.165 3.086
2013-06 4.978 4.227 6.135 3.099
2013-07 5.007 4.269 6.165 3.066
2013-08 5.049 4.176 6.161 3.111
2013-09 5.015 4.235 6.172 3.129
2013-10 5.088 4.272 6.18 3.16
2013-11 5.137 4.363 6.199 3.119
2013-12 5.44 4.241 6.2 3.182
2014-01 4.866 4.388 6.213 3.178
2014-02 5.035 4.282 6.216 3.117
2014-03 4.972 4.356 6.246 3.128
2014-04 5.072 4.247 6.246 3.14
2014-05 4.88 4.267 6.231 3.273
2014-06 4.953 4.333 6.236 3.239
2014-07 4.926 4.361 6.251 3.297
2014-08 4.978 4.272 6.297 3.333
2014-09 4.931 4.055 6.286 3.336
2014-10 5.043 4.23 6.295 3.334
2014-11 5.001 4.299 6.319 3.338
2014-12 4.96 4.358 6.345 3.411
2015-01 4.997 4.5 6.38 3.391
2015-02 4.954 4.333 6.407 3.398
2015-03 5.013 4.3 6.399 3.368
2015-04 5.054 4.402 6.407 3.349
2015-05 5.067 4.303 6.404 3.369
2015-06 5.226 4.414 6.428 3.383
2015-07 5.217 4.355 6.41 3.448
2015-08 5.119 4.391 6.403 3.472
2015-09 5.231 4.412 6.457 3.494
2015-10 5.184 4.347 6.427 3.456
2015-11 5.189 4.118 6.412 3.374
2015-12 5.277 4.298 6.434 3.77
2016-01 5.33 4.624 6.451 3.582
2016-02 5.349 4.18 6.467 3.602
2016-03 5.453 4.215 6.472 3.735
2016-04 5.439 4.232 6.473 3.862
2016-05 5.369 4.237 6.486 3.627
2016-06 5.376 4.487 6.475 3.781
2016-07 5.36 4.257 6.481 3.483
2016-08 5.469 4.215 6.473 3.531
2016-09 5.519 4.158 6.471 3.563
2016-10 5.52 4.425 6.49 3.597
2016-11 5.766 4.259 6.508 3.568
2016-12 5.856 4.318 6.518 3.589
2017-01 5.657 4.35 6.54 3.605
2017-02 5.691 4.459 6.514 3.693
2017-03 5.728 4.427 6.539 3.663
2017-04 5.721 4.322 6.52 3.683
2017-05 5.873 4.456 6.52 3.711
2017-06 5.92 4.268 6.55 3.76
2017-07 5.906 4.383 6.555 3.78
2017-08 5.857 4.386 6.575 3.766
2017-09 5.852 4.65 6.588 3.789
2017-10 5.896 4.171 6.563 3.746
2017-11 5.841 4.434 6.593 3.89
2017-12 6.022 4.354 6.576 3.743
2018-01 5.776 4.289 6.569 3.75
2018-02 5.877 4.359 6.56 3.766
2018-03 5.952 4.277 6.577 3.793
2018-04 6.057 4.442 6.595 3.697
2018-05 6.084 4.284 6.59 3.776
2018-06 6.053 4.247 6.585 3.919
2018-07 5.896 4.302 6.595 3.808
2018-08 6.078 4.307 6.603 3.833
2018-09 6.001 4.238 6.601 3.823
2018-10 6.078 4.265 6.613 3.86
2018-11 5.944 4.276 6.588 3.965
2018-12 5.656 4.273 6.594 3.826
2019-01 5.878 4.285 6.605 3.918
2019-02 5.893 4.31 6.629 3.943
2019-03 6.019 4.331 6.619 3.967
2019-04 5.739 4.292 6.591 3.99
2019-05 5.769 4.322 6.606 4.016
2019-06 5.9 4.36 6.628 3.919
2019-07 6.017 4.276 6.64 3.995
2019-08 6.192 4.356 6.652 3.987
2019-09 5.959 4.322 6.67 3.975
2019-10 6.083 4.3 6.672 3.994
2019-11 6.139 4.323 6.683 3.977

Breakdown of engineered goods

  • Source: INSEE

The variation in October 2019 was unchanged

The variation in household expenditure on goods in October 2019 was unchanged. Since the previous release, new information have been integrated and the seasonal adjustment coefficients have been updated but the slight revisions of the different aggregates have offset each other.

Household consumption expenditure on goods

Changes in %, TD-SA
Household consumption expenditure on goods (Changes in %, TD-SA )
Weight (1) September 2019 October 2019 November 2019 November 19 / November 18 Q / Q-1 (2)
Food products 37 0.6 0.8 -0.8 -1.4 0.5
- excl. Tobacco 34 0.6 1.0 -0.3 -0.3 0.6
Engineered goods 44 -1.2 0.5 0.5 1.7 0.3
- Durables 22 -2.3 1.1 0.6 2.1 0.4
Including:
- Transport equipment 12 -3.8 2.1 0.9 3.3 0.4
- Household durables 7 -0.3 0.5 -0.4 0.3 0.4
- Textile-clothing 9 -0.8 -0.5 0.5 1.1 -0.4
- Other engineered goods 13 0.3 0.0 0.2 1.4 0.5
Energy 18 0.1 -1.5 1.2 -0.2 -1.0
- Energy, water, waste 10 -0.2 -2.2 2.2 0.1 -1.2
- Refined Products 9 0.5 -0.7 0.1 -0.6 -0.8
Total 100 -0.3 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1
- Including Manufactured goods 84 -0.5 0.3 0.0 0.3 0.1
  • (1) Weighting in the consumption expenditure on goods in value in 2017
  • (2) Last three months / previous three months
  • Source: INSEE

For more information

*Volumes are measured at chain-link previous year prices (2014 euro billions) and all figures are trading-day and seasonally adjusted.

Scope and definition - Consumption expenditure on goods is compliant with the national-accounts definition (NAF Rev. 2). In 2010, they accounted for half of total households’ consumption expenditure. They are divided into three main items:

Food: products of agriculture, forestry and fishing (AZ), food, drinks and tobacco (C1)

Energy: mining products, as well as water, gas, electricity and air conditioning, sanitation and waste management (DE), and refined and coked products (C2).

Engineered goods: computers, electronic, electrical and optical goods (C3), transport equipment (C4), textiles and clothing, products made of leather, wood, paper, metals, plastic, rubber, chemicals, minerals, furniture, hardware, drugs (C5). Within this heading are distinguished “durable” goods which include transport equipment, household durables (furniture, household appliances, etc.) and other durable goods (jewelry, watches, glasses, medical devices, etc.).

The manufactured goods correspond to all the products C1, C2, C3, C4, C5.

Sources: This indicator is the compilation of a variety of statistical sources issued by the Bank of France, the French Federation of Automobile Manufacturers (CCFA), the Department of Data and Statistical Studies (SDES), the French Institute of Fashion (IFM), the National Health-Insurance Administration (CNAM), the National Federation of Rubber and Plastics Industries (SNCP), the Board of Oil (CPDP), GFK, Logista, the International Union Committee of Automobile and Motorcycle (CSIAM), etc.

Next publication: 31 January 2020 at 8:45 am


: bureau-de-presse@insee.fr
: