14 août 2019
N° 2019-208

The unemployment rate decreased by 0.2 points in Q2 2019ILO Unemployment and Labour Market-related indicators (Labour Force Survey results) - second quarter 2019

The ILO unemployment rate decreased by 0.2 points on average in Q2 2019, after a 0.1 points fall in the first quarter. It stood at 8.5% of the labour force in France (excluding Mayotte), 0.6 points below its Q2 2018 level and its lowest level since early 2009.

Informations rapides
No 208
Paru le : Paru le 14/08/2019
Prochaine parution le : 14/11/2019 at 07:30 - third quarter 2019
Informations rapides  No 208 - août 2019

The unemployment rate in France stood at 8.5% of active population in Q2 2019, a 0.6 points year-on-year decrease

The ILO unemployment rate decreased by 0.2 points on average in Q2 2019, after a 0.1 points fall in the first quarter. It stood at 8.5% of the labour force in France (excluding Mayotte), 0.6 points below its Q2 2018 level and its lowest level since early 2009.

In metropolitan France, the number of unemployed decreased by 66,000 over a quarter to 2.4 million people; the unemployment rate declined by 0.2 points, to 8.2 % of the labour force. It decreased for all age groups. The fall is more pronounced among young people (−0.6 points) than among persons aged 25 to 49 (−0.2 points) and those aged 50 and over (−0.2 points).

Over a year, the unemployment rate in metropolitan France decreased by 0.6 points, but fell more markedly among the youth (−1.5 points), in particular young women (−1.8 points).

Long-term unemployment decreased by 0.4 points over a year

Among the unemployed, 0.9 million declared that they had been seeking a job for at least one year. The long-term unemployment rate stood at 3.2% of the labour force in Q2 2019. This rate was virtually stable over a quarter (−0.1 points) and decreased by 0.4 points over a year.

ILO-unemployment rate

ILO-unemployment rate
France (excl. Mayotte) Metropolitan France
2003-Q1 8.3 8.0
2003-Q2 8.5 8.1
2003-Q3 8.4 8.0
2003-Q4 8.8 8.4
2004-Q1 9.0 8.6
2004-Q2 8.8 8.4
2004-Q3 8.9 8.5
2004-Q4 8.9 8.5
2005-Q1 8.7 8.3
2005-Q2 8.8 8.4
2005-Q3 9.0 8.6
2005-Q4 9.0 8.7
2006-Q1 9.1 8.7
2006-Q2 8.9 8.6
2006-Q3 8.8 8.5
2006-Q4 8.4 8.0
2007-Q1 8.4 8.1
2007-Q2 8.1 7.8
2007-Q3 7.9 7.6
2007-Q4 7.5 7.1
2008-Q1 7.2 6.8
2008-Q2 7.3 7.0
2008-Q3 7.4 7.1
2008-Q4 7.8 7.4
2009-Q1 8.6 8.2
2009-Q2 9.2 8.8
2009-Q3 9.2 8.8
2009-Q4 9.5 9.1
2010-Q1 9.4 9.0
2010-Q2 9.3 8.9
2010-Q3 9.2 8.8
2010-Q4 9.2 8.8
2011-Q1 9.1 8.8
2011-Q2 9.1 8.7
2011-Q3 9.2 8.8
2011-Q4 9.3 9.0
2012-Q1 9.5 9.1
2012-Q2 9.7 9.3
2012-Q3 9.8 9.4
2012-Q4 10.1 9.7
2013-Q1 10.3 9.9
2013-Q2 10.4 10.1
2013-Q3 10.3 9.9
2013-Q4 10.1 9.8
2014-Q1 10.1 9.8
2014-Q2 10.2 9.8
2014-Q3 10.3 10.0
2014-Q4 10.4 10.1
2015-Q1 10.3 10.0
2015-Q2 10.5 10.2
2015-Q3 10.4 10.1
2015-Q4 10.2 9.9
2016-Q1 10.2 9.9
2016-Q2 10.0 9.7
2016-Q3 10.0 9.7
2016-Q4 10.0 9.7
2017-Q1 9.6 9.3
2017-Q2 9.5 9.2
2017-Q3 9.6 9.3
2017-Q4 8.9 8.6
2018-Q1 9.2 8.9
2018-Q2 9.1 8.8
2018-Q3 9.1 8.8
2018-Q4 8.8 8.5
2019-Q1 8.7 8.4
2019-Q2 8.5 8.2
  • Estimation within +/-0.3 point of the level of unemployment rate and of its quarterly variations.

ILO-unemployment rate

  • Estimation within +/-0.3 point of the level of unemployment rate and of its quarterly variations.
  • Scope: population of people living in households, people aged 15 years or more.
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey.

ILO-unemployment rate in metropolitan France

Seasonally adjusted, average over quarter
ILO-unemployment rate in metropolitan France (Seasonally adjusted, average over quarter)
ILO-unemployment rate (%) Variation in points over Thousands
2019Q1 2019Q2 (p) quarter year 2019Q2 (p)
Unemployed persons 8.4 8.2 -0.2 -0.6 2,366
  15-24 years 19.2 18.6 -0.6 -1.5 515
  25-49 years 7.7 7.5 -0.2 -0.7 1,316
  50 years and more 6.3 6.1 -0.2 -0.2 535
Men 8.4 8.2 -0.2 -0.6 1,228
  15-24 years 20.7 20.0 -0.7 -1.2 300
  25-49 years 7.4 7.3 -0.1 -0.5 658
  50 years and more 6.2 6.1 -0.1 -0.3 271
Women 8.4 8.1 -0.3 -0.7 1,138
  15-24 years 17.3 17.0 -0.3 -1.8 215
  25-49 years 8.0 7.8 -0.2 -0.8 658
  50 years and more 6.5 6.2 -0.3 -0.1 264
Long-term unemployed persons 3.3 3.2 -0.1 -0.4 913
  • (p) = provisional results
  • Scope : population of people living in households, people aged 15 years or more in metropolitan France
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey

The halo of unemployment increased sharply in Q2 2019 but was stable over a year

In metropolitan France, among inactive people as defined by the ILO, 1.5 million persons wished to work without being considered as unemployed according to the ILO definition: they made up the halo of unemployment. Their number increased by 63,000 over a quarter after a significant drop in the previous quarter butremained stable over a year.

People in the halo of unemployment

People in the halo of unemployment
People in the halo of unemployment
2003-Q1 1165
2003-Q2 1115
2003-Q3 1197
2003-Q4 1200
2004-Q1 1215
2004-Q2 1228
2004-Q3 1236
2004-Q4 1207
2005-Q1 1184
2005-Q2 1186
2005-Q3 1162
2005-Q4 1165
2006-Q1 1191
2006-Q2 1194
2006-Q3 1180
2006-Q4 1240
2007-Q1 1174
2007-Q2 1192
2007-Q3 1122
2007-Q4 1130
2008-Q1 1152
2008-Q2 1118
2008-Q3 1153
2008-Q4 1136
2009-Q1 1175
2009-Q2 1199
2009-Q3 1228
2009-Q4 1253
2010-Q1 1220
2010-Q2 1248
2010-Q3 1232
2010-Q4 1217
2011-Q1 1271
2011-Q2 1291
2011-Q3 1301
2011-Q4 1298
2012-Q1 1287
2012-Q2 1261
2012-Q3 1307
2012-Q4 1289
2013-Q1 1261
2013-Q2 1275
2013-Q3 1308
2013-Q4 1331
2014-Q1 1373
2014-Q2 1332
2014-Q3 1411
2014-Q4 1412
2015-Q1 1468
2015-Q2 1437
2015-Q3 1403
2015-Q4 1406
2016-Q1 1437
2016-Q2 1480
2016-Q3 1479
2016-Q4 1466
2017-Q1 1494
2017-Q2 1485
2017-Q3 1421
2017-Q4 1479
2018-Q1 1486
2018-Q2 1462
2018-Q3 1469
2018-Q4 1482
2019-Q1 1398
2019-Q2 1461

People in the halo of unemployment

  • Scope: population of people living in households in metropolitan France, people aged 15 years or over.
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey.

The youths’ employment rate fell in Q2 2019

The employment rate of the population aged 15-64 years was virtually stable (−0.1 points) in Q2 2019, at 66.0%. Over the quarter, the employment rate among the youth diminished (−0.3 points), whereas it was stable among persons aged 25 to 49 and slightly increased among those aged 50 to 64 (+0.2 points), especially women (+0.7 points). Over a year, it increased for all age groups (+0.2 points for the 15-64 years old).

Permanent employment rate for people aged 15 to 64 stood at 49.7% in Q2 2019. It was stable compared to the previous quarter and virtually stable (+0.1 points) over a year. Fixed-term and temporary employment rate was also stable compared to Q1 2019. It stood at 7.6%, 0.5 points below its highest level reached at the end of 2017.

ILO employment rate in the population aged 15-64 years

Seasonally adjusted, average over quarter
ILO employment rate in the population aged 15-64 years (Seasonally adjusted, average over quarter)
% of people in the age group Variation in over
2018Q4 2019Q1 (p) quarter year
Employed people 66.1 66.0 -0.1 0.2
by sex
Men 69.4 69.2 -0.2 -0.2
Women 62.9 63.0 0.1 0.6
by age
15-24 years 30.6 30.3 -0.3 0.3
25-49 years 81.5 81.5 0.0 0.3
50-64 years 62.6 62.8 0.2 0.5
Included : 55-64 years 52.7 52.8 0.1 0.9
by type of employment contract
Permanent employment 49.7 49.7 0.0 0.1
Fixed-term and temporary employment 7.6 7.6 0.0 -0.2
Other types of employment 8.8 8.8 0.0 0.5
by contractual working time
Full-time employment 54.5 54.7 0.2 0.8
Part-time employment 11.6 11.3 -0.3 -0.7
Full-time equivalent employment rate 61.4 61.4 0.0 0.4
  • (p) = provisional results
  • Scope: population of people living in households in metropolitan France, people aged 15-64 years
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey

Full-time employment rate advanced, part-time employment rate decreased

Full-time employment rate stood at 54.7% in Q2 2019. It advanced by 0.2 points over a quarter and 0.8 points over a year, reaching its highest level since 2003 (beginning of the quarterly series). Part-time employment rate decreased by 0.3 points compared to the previous quarter and 0.7 points over a year, to 11.3%.

Permanent and temporary/fixed-term employment rate in the population aged 15-64 years

Permanent and temporary/fixed-term employment rate in the population aged 15-64 years
Permanent employment rate (left scale) Temporary/fixed term employment rate (right scale)
2003-Q1 49.8 6.6
2003-Q2 49.9 6.2
2003-Q3 49.8 6.4
2003-Q4 49.7 6.3
2004-Q1 49.9 6.4
2004-Q2 50.2 6.3
2004-Q3 50.2 6.3
2004-Q4 49.9 6.3
2005-Q1 50.0 6.4
2005-Q2 49.8 6.5
2005-Q3 49.5 6.7
2005-Q4 49.2 6.5
2006-Q1 49.0 6.6
2006-Q2 48.8 6.7
2006-Q3 49.3 6.6
2006-Q4 49.5 6.5
2007-Q1 49.5 6.6
2007-Q2 49.7 6.7
2007-Q3 49.8 6.9
2007-Q4 50.0 7.0
2008-Q1 50.3 7.1
2008-Q2 50.5 6.8
2008-Q3 50.6 6.7
2008-Q4 50.6 6.7
2009-Q1 50.2 6.4
2009-Q2 50.2 6.4
2009-Q3 49.8 6.4
2009-Q4 49.5 6.3
2010-Q1 49.5 6.6
2010-Q2 49.3 6.7
2010-Q3 49.1 6.7
2010-Q4 49.0 6.8
2011-Q1 48.9 6.8
2011-Q2 49.1 6.7
2011-Q3 48.9 6.8
2011-Q4 48.8 6.9
2012-Q1 49.0 6.8
2012-Q2 49.2 6.8
2012-Q3 49.3 6.7
2012-Q4 49.2 6.8
2013-Q1 49.2 6.7
2013-Q2 49.2 6.7
2013-Q3 49.3 6.8
2013-Q4 49.5 6.7
2014-Q1 49.3 6.8
2014-Q2 49.3 6.9
2014-Q3 48.9 6.9
2014-Q4 49.1 6.9
2015-Q1 48.9 7.0
2015-Q2 48.8 7.4
2015-Q3 48.8 7.5
2015-Q4 48.9 7.5
2016-Q1 49.1 7.3
2016-Q2 49.1 7.5
2016-Q3 48.7 7.5
2016-Q4 48.9 7.5
2017-Q1 48.8 7.8
2017-Q2 49.2 7.9
2017-Q3 49.0 7.9
2017-Q4 49.4 8.1
2018-Q1 49.4 8.0
2018-Q2 49.6 7.8
2018-Q3 49.6 7.7
2018-Q4 49.8 7.7
2019-Q1 49.7 7.6
2019-Q2 49.7 7.6

Permanent and temporary/fixed-term employment rate in the population aged 15-64 years

  • Scope: population of people living in households in metropolitan France, people aged 15-64 years.
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey.

Over a year, underemployment declined sharply

In Q2 2019, 5.2% of the employed persons were underemployed. It mainly concerns people having a part-time job and wishing to work more. This share was virtually stable (−0.1 points) over a quarter and declined by 0.7 points over a year.

The youths’ activity rate decreased

The activity rate of people aged 15-64 decreased by 0.2 points over a quarter and over a year,to 72.0%. Quarter-on-quarter, it decreased among youths (−0.6 points) and middle-aged persons (−0.2 points), while being stable among persons aged 50 to 64. The activity rate increased however among those aged 55 to 64 (+0.2 points over a year, +1.0 points over a year).

ILO activity rate in the population aged 15-64 years

Seasonally adjusted, average over quarter
ILO activity rate in the population aged 15-64 years (Seasonally adjusted, average over quarter)
% of people in the age group Variation in points over
2019Q1 2019Q2 (p) quarter year
Active people 72.2 72.0 -0.2 -0.2
by sex
Men 75.8 75.5 -0.3 -0.6
Women 68.7 68.6 -0.1 0.1
by age
15-24 years 37.8 37.2 -0.6 -0.4
25-49 years 88.3 88.1 -0.2 -0.4
50-64 years 67.0 67.0 0.0 0.4
Included : 55-64 years 56.5 56.7 0.2 1.0
  • (p) = provisional results
  • Scope: population of people living in households in metropolitan France, people aged 15-64 years
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey

Revisions

Compared to the provisional estimate published on 16 May 2019, ILO unemployment rate in Q1 2019 has been unchanged. For Q2 2017, it has been raised by 0.1 points in metropolitan France (from 9.1% to 9.2%), due to the updating of seasonal adjustment coefficients.

Encadré

For more information

An unemployed person according to the International Labour Office (ILO) is someone of working age (15 years or more) who did not work, even one hour, during the reference week, is available to work within two weeks and looked actively for a job in the previous month (or has found a job beginning in less than three months).  

Next issue: 14 November 2019 at 07.30 am


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