Insee conjoncture
16 mai 2019
N° 2019-127

The unemployment rate decreased by 0,1 points in Q1 2019ILO Unemployment and Labour Market-related indicators (Labour Force Survey results) - first quarter 2019

On average in Q1 2019, the average ILO unemployment rate decreased by 0,1 points after a 0.3 points fall in the last quarter. It stood at 8.7% of the labour force in metropolitan France and the overseas departments (excluding Mayotte), 0.5 points below its early 2018 level and its lowest level since 2009.

Informations rapides
No 127
Paru le : 16/05/2019

The unemployment rate in France stood at 8.7% of active population at the beginning of 2019

On average in Q1 2019, the average ILO unemployment rate decreased by 0,1 points after a 0.3 points fall in the last quarter. It stood at 8.7% of the labour force in metropolitan France and the overseas departments (excluding Mayotte), 0.5 points below its early 2018 level and its lowest level since 2009.

In metropolitan France, the number of unemployed decreased by 19,000 over a quarter to 2.4 million people; the unemployment rate declined by 0.1 points, at 8.4 % of the labour force. The unemployment rate increased among young men (+2.1 points) whereas it decreased among young women (–1.4 points). It diminished for persons aged 25 to 49 (–0.2 points) and rose for those aged 50 and over.

Over a year, the unemployment rate in metropolitan France decreased by 0.5 points, but fell markedly among youth (–1.7 points), in particular among young women (–3.9 points).

Long-term unemployment decreased by 0,3 points over a year

Among the unemployed, 963 thousands declared that they had been seeking a job for at least one year. The long-term unemployment rate stood at 3.3% of the labour force in Q1 2019. This rate was virtually stable over a quarter and decreased by 0.3 points over a year.

ILO-unemployment rate

ILO-unemployment rate
France (excl. Mayotte) Metropolitan France
2003-Q1 8.3 8.0
2003-Q2 8.5 8.1
2003-Q3 8.4 8.0
2003-Q4 8.8 8.4
2004-Q1 9.0 8.6
2004-Q2 8.8 8.4
2004-Q3 8.9 8.5
2004-Q4 8.9 8.5
2005-Q1 8.7 8.3
2005-Q2 8.8 8.4
2005-Q3 9.0 8.6
2005-Q4 9.0 8.7
2006-Q1 9.1 8.7
2006-Q2 8.9 8.6
2006-Q3 8.8 8.5
2006-Q4 8.4 8.0
2007-Q1 8.4 8.1
2007-Q2 8.1 7.8
2007-Q3 7.9 7.6
2007-Q4 7.5 7.1
2008-Q1 7.2 6.8
2008-Q2 7.3 7.0
2008-Q3 7.4 7.1
2008-Q4 7.8 7.4
2009-Q1 8.6 8.2
2009-Q2 9.2 8.8
2009-Q3 9.2 8.8
2009-Q4 9.5 9.1
2010-Q1 9.4 9.0
2010-Q2 9.3 8.9
2010-Q3 9.2 8.8
2010-Q4 9.2 8.8
2011-Q1 9.1 8.8
2011-Q2 9.1 8.7
2011-Q3 9.2 8.8
2011-Q4 9.3 9.0
2012-Q1 9.5 9.1
2012-Q2 9.7 9.3
2012-Q3 9.8 9.4
2012-Q4 10.1 9.7
2013-Q1 10.3 9.9
2013-Q2 10.4 10.1
2013-Q3 10.3 9.9
2013-Q4 10.1 9.8
2014-Q1 10.2 9.8
2014-Q2 10.2 9.8
2014-Q3 10.3 10.0
2014-Q4 10.4 10.1
2015-Q1 10.3 10.0
2015-Q2 10.5 10.2
2015-Q3 10.4 10.1
2015-Q4 10.2 9.9
2016-Q1 10.2 9.9
2016-Q2 10.0 9.7
2016-Q3 10.0 9.7
2016-Q4 10.0 9.7
2017-Q1 9.6 9.3
2017-Q2 9.5 9.1
2017-Q3 9.6 9.3
2017-Q4 8.9 8.6
2018-Q1 9.2 8.9
2018-Q2 9.1 8.8
2018-Q3 9.1 8.8
2018-Q4 8.8 8.5
2019-Q1 8.7 8.4
  • Estimation within +/-0.3 point of the level of unemployment rate and of its quarterly variations.

ILO-unemployment rate

  • Estimation within +/-0.3 point of the level of unemployment rate and of its quarterly variations.
  • Scope: population of people living in households, people aged 15 years or more.
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey.

ILO-unemployment rate in metropolitan France

Seasonally adjusted, average over quarter
ILO-unemployment rate in metropolitan France (Seasonally adjusted, average over quarter)
ILO-unemployment rate (%) Variation in points over Thousands
2018Q4 2019Q1 (p) quarter year 2019Q1 (p)
Unemployed persons 8.5 8.4 -0.1 -0.5 2,441
  15-24 years 18.8 19.2 0.4 -1.7 540
  25-49 years 7.9 7.7 -0.2 -0.7 1,348
  50 years and more 6.1 6.4 0.3 0.2 554
Men 8.4 8.4 0.0 -0.4 1,255
  15-24 years 18.7 20.8 2.1 0.3 317
  25-49 years 7.8 7.4 -0.4 -0.5 663
  50 years and more 6.0 6.2 0.2 -0.4 275
Women 8.5 8.4 -0.1 -0.6 1,187
  15-24 years 18.8 17.4 -1.4 -3.9 223
  25-49 years 8.1 8.0 -0.1 -0.8 684
  50 years and more 6.2 6.6 0.4 0.8 279
Long-term unemployed persons 3.4 3.3 -0.1 -0.3 963
  • (p) = provisional results
  • Scope : population of people living in households, people aged 15 years or more in metropolitan France
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey

Halo of unemployment fell sharply

In metropolitan France, among inactive people as defined by the ILO, 1.4 million persons wished to work without being considered as unemployed according to the ILO definition: they made up the halo of unemployment. Their number diminished by 80,000 over a quarter and fell similarly over a year (–89 000).

People in the halo of unemployment

People in the halo of unemployment
People in the halo of unemployment
2003-Q1 1165
2003-Q2 1115
2003-Q3 1197
2003-Q4 1200
2004-Q1 1215
2004-Q2 1229
2004-Q3 1236
2004-Q4 1207
2005-Q1 1184
2005-Q2 1186
2005-Q3 1162
2005-Q4 1165
2006-Q1 1191
2006-Q2 1194
2006-Q3 1180
2006-Q4 1240
2007-Q1 1174
2007-Q2 1192
2007-Q3 1122
2007-Q4 1130
2008-Q1 1152
2008-Q2 1118
2008-Q3 1153
2008-Q4 1136
2009-Q1 1175
2009-Q2 1199
2009-Q3 1228
2009-Q4 1253
2010-Q1 1220
2010-Q2 1248
2010-Q3 1232
2010-Q4 1217
2011-Q1 1271
2011-Q2 1291
2011-Q3 1301
2011-Q4 1298
2012-Q1 1287
2012-Q2 1261
2012-Q3 1307
2012-Q4 1288
2013-Q1 1261
2013-Q2 1275
2013-Q3 1308
2013-Q4 1331
2014-Q1 1373
2014-Q2 1332
2014-Q3 1411
2014-Q4 1411
2015-Q1 1468
2015-Q2 1438
2015-Q3 1403
2015-Q4 1405
2016-Q1 1439
2016-Q2 1480
2016-Q3 1478
2016-Q4 1465
2017-Q1 1496
2017-Q2 1485
2017-Q3 1420
2017-Q4 1477
2018-Q1 1489
2018-Q2 1461
2018-Q3 1469
2018-Q4 1480
2019-Q1 1400

People in the halo of unemployment

  • Scope: population of people living in households in metropolitan France, people aged 15 years or over.
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey.

The young person’s employment rate fell

The employment rate of the population aged 15-64 years was stable in Q1 2019. It stood at 66.1%, its highest level since the early 1980s, and 0.3 percentage points above its early 2018 level. Over the quarter, the employment rate among persons aged 25 to 49 was slightly up (+0.2 points), that among persons aged 50 to 64 remained virtually stable. At the opposite, the employment rate among youth sharply decreased (–0,4 points).

ILO employment rate in the population aged 15-64 years

Seasonally adjusted, average over quarter
ILO employment rate in the population aged 15-64 years (Seasonally adjusted, average over quarter)
% of people in the age group Variation in over
2018Q4 2019Q1 (p) quarter year
Employed people 66.1 66.1 0.0 0.3
by sex
Men 69.5 69.4 -0.1 0.0
Women 62.8 62.9 0.1 0.7
by age
15-24 years 31.1 30.7 -0.4 0.8
25-49 years 81.3 81.5 0.2 0.4
50-64 years 62.5 62.6 0.1 0.3
Included : 55-64 years 52.7 52.7 0.0 0.5
by type of employment contract
Permanent employment 49.5 49.5 0.0 0.3
Fixed-term and temporary employment 7.7 7.6 -0.1 -0.4
by contractual working time
Full-time employment 54.4 54.5 0.1 0.6
Part-time employment 11.7 11.7 0.0 -0.1
Full-time equivalent employment rate 61.3 61.4 0.1 0.5
  • (p) = provisional results
  • Scope: population of people living in households in metropolitan France, people aged 15-64 years
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey

Over a year, full-time employment advanced, part-time employment remained stable

Full-time employment rate stood at 54.5% in Q1 2019. It was virtually stable (+0.1 points) over a quarter and advanced by 0.6 points over a year, reaching its highest level since 2003 (beginning of the quarterly series). Part-time employment rate was stable at 11.7%.

Underemployment declined sharply

In Q1 2019, 5.3% of the employed persons were underemployed. It mainly concerns people having a part-time job and wishing to work more. This share decreased by 0.4 points over a quarter and 0,8 points over a year.

ILO underemployment rate

ILO underemployment rate
ILO underemployment rate
2003-Q1 4.8
2003-Q2 4.8
2003-Q3 4.9
2003-Q4 5.3
2004-Q1 5.2
2004-Q2 5.2
2004-Q3 5.3
2004-Q4 5.2
2005-Q1 5.4
2005-Q2 5.2
2005-Q3 5.2
2005-Q4 5.2
2006-Q1 5.1
2006-Q2 5.1
2006-Q3 5.5
2006-Q4 5.3
2007-Q1 5.5
2007-Q2 5.5
2007-Q3 5.7
2007-Q4 5.6
2008-Q1 5.4
2008-Q2 5.7
2008-Q3 5.6
2008-Q4 6.0
2009-Q1 6.2
2009-Q2 6.5
2009-Q3 6.7
2009-Q4 6.6
2010-Q1 6.8
2010-Q2 6.5
2010-Q3 6.5
2010-Q4 6.9
2011-Q1 5.7
2011-Q2 6.0
2011-Q3 6.2
2011-Q4 6.1
2012-Q1 6.1
2012-Q2 6.2
2012-Q3 6.0
2012-Q4 6.2
2013-Q1 6.6
2013-Q2 6.5
2013-Q3 6.4
2013-Q4 6.4
2014-Q1 6.4
2014-Q2 6.3
2014-Q3 6.4
2014-Q4 6.6
2015-Q1 6.6
2015-Q2 6.5
2015-Q3 6.7
2015-Q4 6.6
2016-Q1 6.4
2016-Q2 6.6
2016-Q3 6.3
2016-Q4 6.2
2017-Q1 6.2
2017-Q2 6.1
2017-Q3 6.2
2017-Q4 5.6
2018-Q1 6.1
2018-Q2 5.8
2018-Q3 5.6
2018-Q4 5.7
2019-Q1 5.3

ILO underemployment rate

  • Scope: population of people living in households in metropolitan France, people aged 15-64 years.
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey.

The youths’ activity rate decreased

The activity rate of people aged 15-64 was stable over a quarter and over a year, at 72.3%. Quarter-on-quarter, it decreased among youths (–0,3 points), was stable for middle-age people and increased among persons aged 50 to 64 (+0.3 points), in particular among men (+0,8 points). It was stable among persons aged 55 to 64 (+0,1 points) over a quarter and sharply increased year-on-year (+0.7 points).

ILO activity rate in the population aged 15-64 years

Seasonally adjusted, average over quarter
ILO activity rate in the population aged 15-64 years (Seasonally adjusted, average over quarter)
% of people in the age group Variation in points over
2018Q4 2019Q1 (p) quarter year
Active people 72.3 72.3 0.0 0.0
by sex
Men 75.9 75.9 0.0 -0.3
Women 68.7 68.8 0.1 0.3
by age
15-24 years 38.3 38.0 -0.3 0.2
25-49 years 88.3 88.3 0.0 -0.2
50-64 years 66.7 67.0 0.3 0.4
Included : 55-64 years 56.5 56.6 0.1 0.7
  • (p) = provisional results
  • Scope: population of people living in households in metropolitan France, people aged 15-64 years
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey

Revisions

Compared to the provisional estimate published on 14 February 2019, ILO unemployment rate in Q4 2018 stays unchanged. For Q2 2018, it has been upgraded by 0.1 points in metropolitan France (from 8.7% to 8.8%), due to seasonal adjustment coefficients recalculation.

Encadré

For more information

An unemployed person according to the International Labour Office (ILO) is someone of working age (15 years or more) who did not work, even one hour, during the reference week, is available to work within two weeks and looked actively for a job in the previous month (or has found a job begining in less than three months).  

Next issue: 14 August 2019 at 07.30 am


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