Insee conjoncture
9 mai 2019
N° 2019-120

In Q1 2019, tourist collective accommodation attendance was down sharply (–2.5% over one year)Tourism occupancy in hotels, campsites and holiday and other short-stay accommodation in metropolitan France - first quarter 2019

In Q1 2019, throughout metropolitan France, the number of overnight stays in collective tourist accommodation declined by 2.5% compared to the same period in 2018. This fall followed more than two years of steady growth in attendance and in particular, an increase of 2.0% year on year in the previous quarter. The decrease was marked for non-residents (–4.8%). Resident occupancy also decreased (–1.5%).

Informations rapides
No 120
Paru le : 09/05/2019
Warning: Revision of the series concerning hotels from January 1st, 2019.

As of January 1, 2019, data from non-responding hotels are imputed using a new method, based on their characteristics. This new method of imputing non-response tends to slightly reduce the total number of overnight stays (-0.9% in the fourth quarter of 2018) but has no impact on quarterly trends. Data was unchanged for other types of accommodation, including HOSSA,

Tourist numbers in metropolitan France was slowing markedly

In Q1 2019, throughout metropolitan France, the number of overnight stays in collective tourist accommodation declined by 2.5% compared to the same period in 2018. This fall followed more than two years of steady growth in attendance and in particular, an increase of 2.0% year on year in the previous quarter. The decrease was marked for non-residents (–4.8%). Resident occupancy also decreased (–1.5%).

In hotels, non-resident customers numbers declined sharply, particularly in Île-de-France

In Q1 2019, attendance in hotels decreased by 1.3% year on year, after a 1,5 % rise in the previous quarter. This decline interrupted a steady increase since the fourth quarter 2016. The drop in attendance concerned hotels in the bottom of the range (1 or 2 stars). Some hotels who did not reiterated their request for classification to Atout France became unclassified. This was reflected in a transfert of overnight stays to this range of hotels. Among classified hotels, only high-end hotels (4 and 5 stars) maintained their level of attendance.

Hotel attendance by non-residents fell sharply (–3.4%), while that of residents decreased slightly (–0.4%).

Overnight stays drop sharply in Île-de-France(–4.6%), for both non-residents and residents, probably due to the movement of the "yellow vests". In provincial urban areas, the decline was lower (–0.8%), for both residents and non-residents.

In the mountain ski area, non-resident occupancy remained dynamic (+4.2%) and helped to contain the drop in overnight stays (–0.5%), while resident occupancy fell (–3.1%).

On the other hand, occupancy increased in the other areas (+1.6%) and especially on the coastlines (+4.8%) thanks to the resident customer who probably took advantage of the dry and warm weather since the beginning of the year.

Overnight stays in hotels

Overnight stays in hotels
Overnight stays in hotels
2012-Q1 2.4
2012-Q2 -0.8
2012-Q3 -0.8
2012-Q4 0.3
2013-Q1 -0.4
2013-Q2 -0.7
2013-Q3 0.1
2013-Q4 -0.6
2014-Q1 -2.9
2014-Q2 -0.8
2014-Q3 -1.6
2014-Q4 -0.7
2015-Q1 2.4
2015-Q2 1.9
2015-Q3 3.3
2015-Q4 -1.3
2016-Q1 1.9
2016-Q2 -3.6
2016-Q3 -4.1
2016-Q4 4.9
2017-Q1 2.4
2017-Q2 6.3
2017-Q3 5.2
2017-Q4 5.2
2018-Q1 5.0
2018-Q2 1.3
2018-Q3 2.2
2018-Q4 1.5
2019-Q1 -1.3

Overnight stays in hotels

  • Source: INSEE, in partnership with the Regional Committees of tourism (CRT) and DGE

Holiday and other short-stay accommodation also decreased

Attendance at holiday and other short stay accomodation (HOSSA) fell by 4.5% compared to the same quarter of 2018, whereas it was up in the previous quarter (+ 3.6% year on year).

Occupancy in HOSSA was affected by the decline in ski areas of resident customers (–7.6%) and non-resident (–8.2%), during the peak winter sports season. Overnights stays of non-residents also drop in all other areas, especially in urban areas of Île-de-France (–7.8%) or provincial (–3.8%), on the coastlines (–13.5%), and even more in the other spaces (–24.1%), where the number of nights was however much lower.

Overnight stays in HOSSA

Overnight stays in HOSSA
Overnight stays in HOSSA
2012-Q1 3.8
2012-Q2 0.7
2012-Q3 -0.8
2012-Q4 6.7
2013-Q1 -0.6
2013-Q2 -0.4
2013-Q3 0.2
2013-Q4 1.4
2014-Q1 -4.5
2014-Q2 0.2
2014-Q3 -4.8
2014-Q4 -1.2
2015-Q1 0.0
2015-Q2 0.3
2015-Q3 4.1
2015-Q4 -3.5
2016-Q1 -0.3
2016-Q2 -7.0
2016-Q3 -3.6
2016-Q4 0.3
2017-Q1 -1.4
2017-Q2 10.8
2017-Q3 6.6
2017-Q4 16.3
2018-Q1 11.8
2018-Q2 3.7
2018-Q3 -0.9
2018-Q4 3.6
2019-Q1 -4.5

Overnight stays in HOSSA

  • Source: INSEE, in partnership with the Regional Committees of tourism (CRT) and DGE.

A sharp decline in March

Throughout metropolitan France, tourist occupancy was almost steady in January and February and decreased in March.In HOSSA, overnights stays was down in each of the first three months of the year, with a particularly sharp decline of non-resident customers in February.

Overnight stays in Q1 2019*

Overnight stays in Q1 2019*
Nights of the quarter Year-on-year (%) (Q/Q-4)
Total nights (millions) % of non-resident nights Total Non-residents Residents
Total 63.5 28.2 -2.5 -4.8 -1.5
Hotels 41.2 32.0 -1.3 -3.4 -0.4
Unclassified 5.3 22.7 6.2 11.2 4.8
1 and 2 stars 9.6 21.6 -7.4 -9.1 -6.9
3 stars 15.1 31.8 -0.6 -1.6 -0.2
4 and 5 stars 11.2 45.6 -0.1 -5.4 5.0
hotel chain 22.1 31.4 -1.4 -2.2 -1.1
independent hotel 19.1 32.6 -1.2 -4.6 0.5
Ile de France 14.8 49.9 -4.6 -5.6 -3.5
Provincial urban area 14.6 19.5 -0.8 -0.5 -0.8
Coastlines 5.3 20.7 4.8 -3.7 7.3
Ski mountain area 3.8 38.1 -0.5 4.2 -3.1
Other area 2.7 14.4 1.6 -4.1 2.6
Holiday and other short-stay accomodation 22.3 21.2 -4.5 -8.7 -3.3
Tourism residences 17.3 21.9 -6.0 -8.7 -5.2
Other 5.0 18.9 0.8 -8.8 3.4
Ile de France 2.7 26.9 -1.7 -7.8 0.8
Provincial urban area 4.0 13.7 0.5 -3.8 1.2
Coastlines 2.4 10.5 -1.4 -13.5 0.3
Ski mountain area 11.0 27.3 -7.7 -8.2 -7.6
Other area 2.2 8.6 -2.8 -24.1 -0.2
  • *provisional data
  • Reference area : Metropolitan France
  • Source: INSEE. in partnership with the Regional Committees of tourism (CRT) and DGE

Encadré

For further information

INSEE conducts monthly surveys on attendance in collective tourist accommodation: hotels, campsites and holiday and other shortstay accommodation (HOSSA). These include tourist homes (including “apparthotel”), holiday villages, family homes and youth hostels. They do not include accommodation offered by private persons

INSEE conducts monthly surveys on attendance in collective tourist accommodation: hotels, campsites and holiday and other shortstay accommodation (HOSSA). These include tourist homes (including “apparthotel”), holiday villages, family homes and youth hostels. They do not include accommodation offered by private persons


: bureau-de-presse@insee.fr
: