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In September 2018, the prices of frequently purchased goods fell back by 0.1% in hyper and supermarketsPrice Index in large and predominantly-food stores - September 2018

In September 2018, after a sharp acceleration in August, the prices of frequently purchased goods in hyper and supermarkets and in large and predominantly food stores fell back by 0.1% over a month. It has been the first decrease since January 2018.

Informations rapides N° 269
No 269
Paru le : 11/10/2018

In September 2018, after a sharp acceleration in August, the prices of frequently purchased goods in hyper and supermarkets and in large and predominantly food stores fell back by 0.1% over a month. It has been the first decrease since January 2018.

Excluding hyper and supermarkets, prices were stable in September while they had risen slightly each month since February 2017.

Considering all kinds of stores, the prices of frequently purchased goods fell back (−0.1%) after a 0.4% rise in the previous month.

Year on year, the prices in hyper and supermarkets rose at the same pace as in August

Compared with the same month last year, the prices of frequently purchased goods sold in hyper and supermarkets grew by 0.8% in September, as in the previous month. The same is true in large and predominantly food stores (+0.8% year on year).

In the other kinds of stores, the prices of frequently purchased goods remained more dynamic than in large distributors: in September they rose by 2.0% year on year, as in August.

Considering all types of stores, the prices of frequently purchased goods increased by 1.1% year on year for the second consecutive month.

Graph1 – Prices of frequently purchased goods year-on-year change %

  • Geographical coverage: metropolitan France
  • Source: INSEE - Consumer Price Indices

Graph2 – Frequently purchased goods price indexes by main items

  • Geographical coverage: metropolitan France
  • Source: INSEE - Consumer Price Indices

Table1 – Prices of frequently purchased goods

2015: 100
Prices of frequently purchased goods
Index Changes (%) compared to
September 2018 last month (m-o-m) (1) 12 months before (y-o-y) (2)
Hyper and supermarkets (A) 101.05 −0.1 0.8
Large and predominantly food stores (A + neighborhood stores) 101.09 −0.1 0.8
Other stores 104.77 0.0 2.0
All stores 101.71 −0.1 1.1
  • (1) [m/(m-1)]
  • (2) [m/(m-12)]
  • Geographical coverage: metropolitan France
  • Source: INSEE - Consumer Price Indices

Table2 – Prices of frequently purchased goods detailed by main items

2015: 100
Prices of frequently purchased goods detailed by main items
Index Changes (%) compared to
September 2018 last month (m-o-m) (1) 12 months before (y-o-y) (2)
Food and beverages (excluding fresh foodstuffs) 101.63 0.0 1.1
- Meat 102.53 −0.3 1.1
- Beverages 101.65 0.1 1.3
- Other food products 101.16 0.0 1.0
Clearing and personal care products 98.11 −0.3 −0.5
Total Hyper and supermarkets 101.05 −0.1 0.8
  • (1) [m/(m-1)]
  • (2) [m/(m-12)]
  • Geographical coverage: metropolitan France
  • Source: INSEE - Consumer Price Indices

Stability in food prices in hyper and supermarkets

In September 2018, the prices of food (excluding fresh products) sold in hyper and supermarkets were stable over a month after a sharp rise in August (+0.4%). Year on year, they increased a little more than in the previous month: +1.1% after +1.0%.

The stability over a month resulted from a sharp downturn in meat prices offset by a slight increase in beverages prices whereas those of other food products were stable.

After a marked acceleration in August, meat prices fell back in September (−0.3%). Year on year, they grew a little more than in August: +1.1% after +1.0%.

The prices of beverages sold in hyper and supermarkets decelerated in September after a relatively sharp increase in August: +0.1% after +0.6%. Year on year, they were more dynamic than in the previous month: +1.3 after +1.1%.

The prices of other food products (excluding fresh food) were stable in September after a 0.3% rise in August. Year on year, the prices of these products increased at the same pace as in the previous month (+1.0%).

Downturn in the prices of cleaning and personal care products in hyper and supermarkets

In September, the prices of cleaning and personal care products sold in hyper and supermarkets fell back (−0.3% after +0.2% in August). Year on year, the prices of these products decreased by 0.5%, as in the previous month.

Documentation

Methodology (pdf, 148 Ko)