In February 2018, consumer prices increased by 1.2% year on yearConsumer price index - provisional results - February 2018

Over a year, the Consumer Price Index (CPI) should hardly slow down in February 2018: +1.2% after +1.3% in the previous month, according to the provisional estimate made at the end of February 2018. This slowdown in the year-on-year inflation should result from a lesser rise in prices of services, food and tobacco. The “manufactured product” prices should slightly rise and those of energy should increase at the same pace as in the previous month.

Informations rapides
No 53
Paru le : 28/02/2018
Prochaine parution le : 29/06/2018 at 08:45 - June 2018

Over a year, the Consumer Price Index (CPI) should hardly slow down in February 2018: +1.2% after +1.3% in the previous month, according to the provisional estimate made at the end of February 2018. This slowdown in the year-on-year inflation should result from a lesser rise in prices of services, food and tobacco. The “manufactured product” prices should slightly rise and those of energy should increase at the same pace as in the previous month.

Over one month, consumer prices should be unchanged after a downturn of 0.1% in January. Food prices should edge down, in the wake of fresh product prices. Those of “manufactured product” should decrease again, but less markedly than in January. Services prices should slow down. Lastly, energy prices should be stable, the decrease in petroleum product prices being offset by a rise in gas and electricity prices.

Year on year, the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices should slow down in February (+1.3%) after an acceleration in the previous month (+1.5% after +1.2% in December). Over one month, it should be stable after a downturn of 0.1% in January.

Warning: These provisional results are only preliminary data. Accordingly, they should not be used for contractual revaluations. The indices published here are based on a limited set of price observations and from estimates of some rates of change for fares which are not yet available. The complete results will be published on 15 March 2018.

Table – Consumer Price Indices

Year-on-year change %; 2015: 100
Consumer Price Indices
Weight 2018 Feb. 2017 Jan. 2018 Feb. 2018 (p)
CPI - All items* 10000 1.2 1.3 1.2
Food 1627 1.6 1.2 0.8
- Fresh food 243 11.0 1.8 −1.5
- Other food products 1384 0.1 1.1 1.2
Tobacco 193 1.0 5.8 4.9
Energy 777 11.4 5.2 5.2
Manufactured products 2594 −1.6 0.0 0.1
Services 4809 1.1 1.3 1.1
HICP** - All items 10000 1.4 1.5 1.3
  • (p) provisional results
  • *: Consumer Price Indexes
  • **: Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices

Graph – Variations in the consumer price index

  • Geographical coverage: France excluding Mayotte
  • Source: INSEE - Consumer Price Indices