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In 2016, civil service employment increased, except in local civil serviceCivil Service employment - December 2016

At the end of 2016, the French civil service employed 5.67 million persons including subsidised contracts, that is 20,400 more over one year (+0.4%).

At the end of 2016, the French civil service employed 5.67 million persons including subsidised contracts, that is 20,400 more over one year (+0.4%). Subsidised contracts decreased in the three spheres of the civil service (−8,400, −4.3%) so workforce raised more excluding subsidised contracts (+0.5%).

Converted to full-time equivalents, annual employment incl. subsidised contracts increased by 0.2%, a little less than in 2015 (+0.3%), and reached 5.30 million.

In the state civil service, workforce at the end of 2016 including subsidised contracts increased by 1.0% over one year, after +0.1% in 2015. In ministries, the growth was +1.4% (+27,500). Two thirds of that rise was due to the workforce growth in Ministry of National Education, Higher Education and Research (+1.8%). The remaining part of the growth is explained in particular by new jobs in the Ministry of Justice and also in the ministries of Defense and Interior, in relation to action plans to fight against terrorism. On the other hand, in the Ministry of Economy and Finance and in the Ministry of Ecology, workforce still decreased. In public establishments, employment was down (−0.3%) due to a fall in subsidised contracts (−5.4%). Excluding those contracts, employment increased by 0.5% in public establishments and by 1.2 % in the whole state civil service.

Rising steadily since the 1980’s, workforce in local civil service almost stabilized in 2015 (+0.1%) and decreased in 2016 (−0.4%). Excl. subsidised contracts, it decreased by −0.3% in 2015 and −0.2 % in 2016. The drop was greater in régions and départements: −1.0 % incl. subsidised contracts, −0.7 % excl. subsidised contracts. The fall in the communal sector (−0.2 %) was entirely due to subsidised contracts which decreased by 2.5%.

In the hospital civil service, employment continued to slow down in 2016: +0.2% after +0.3% in 2015, incl. subsidised contracts. It was stable in hospitals but dynamic in medico-social establishments (+2.1% incl. subsidised contracts and +2.5% excl. subsidised contracts).

table 1 – Civil Service employment

Civil Service employment
Level in thousands Change (in %)
2016 (p) 2014-2014 2015-2016 (p)
Workforce as at December 31 (1)
State Civil Total, incl. subsidised contracts 2,503.0 0.1 1.0
Service excl. subsidised contracts 2,426.7 0.2 1.2
Local Civil Total, incl. subsidised contracts 1,977.2 0.1 -0.4
Service excl. subsidised contracts 1,885.8 -0.3 -0.2
Hospital Civil Total, incl. subsidised contracts 1,189.3 0.3 0.2
Service excl. subsidised contracts 1,167.7 0.2 0.4
Civil Total, incl. subsidised contracts 5,669.5 0.1 0.4
Service excl. subsidised contracts 5,480.2 0.0 0.5
Workload in full-time equivalent (2)
Civil Total, incl. subsidised contracts 5,304.9 0.3 0.2
Service excl. subsidised contracts 5,161.0 0.1 0.2
  • (p): provisional
  • (1) Final main jobs as at December 31
  • (2) All active jobs in the year
  • Scope: France
  • Sources: INSEE, Siasp

table 2 – Civil Service employment per employer

Civil Service employment per employer
In thousands 2016 (p) Year-on-year change (in %) (p)
Workforce as at December 31 incl. subsidised contacts incl. subsidised contacts excl. subsidised contacts
State Civil Service
Ministries 1,942.3 1.4 1.4
Public administrative establishments 560.7 -0.3 0.5
Local Civil Service
Régions et départements 446.0 -1.0 -0.7
Communal sector 1,531.2 -0.2 0.0
Hospital Civil Service
Hospitals 1,040.7 0.0 0.1
Medico-social establishments 148.6 2.1 2.5
  • (p): provisional
  • Scope: final main jobs as at December 31, France
  • Sources: INSEE, Siasp