The unemployment rate increased by 0.2 points in Q3 2017ILO Unemployment and Labour Market-related indicators (Labour Force Survey results) - third quarter 2017

On average in Q3 2017, the average ILO unemployment rate in metropolitan France and the overseas departments (excluding Mayotte) stood at 9.7% of the labour force, after 9,5% in Q2 2017. Over a year, it fell by 0.3 percentage points.

Informations rapides
No 302
Paru le : 16/11/2017
Prochaine parution le : 15/02/2018 at 07:30 - fourth quarter 2017

The unemployment rate in France stood at 9.7% of active population in Q3 2017

On average in Q3 2017, the average ILO unemployment rate in metropolitan France and the overseas departments (excluding Mayotte) stood at 9.7% of the labour force, after 9,5% in Q2 2017. Over a year, it fell by 0.3 percentage points.

In metropolitan France, the unemployment rate increased by 0.2 percentage points

In metropolitan France, the number of unemployed increased by 62,000 to 2.7 million people; thus, the unemployment rate increased by 0.2 percentage points quarter on quarter, standing at 9.4% of the labour force. The employment rate decreased by 0.2 percentage points and the activity rate was almost steady. The unemployment rate increased among persons aged 25 to 49 and those aged 50 and over, whereas it decreased for youths.

Among the unemployed, 1.2 million declared that they had been seeking a job for at least one year. The long-term unemployment rate stood at 4.2% of active population in Q3 2017. It rose by 0.2 percentage points q-o-q and was almost stable y-o-y ((0.1 points).

Graph1 – ILO-unemployment rate

  • Estimation within +/-0.3 point of the level of unemployment rate and of its quarterly variations
  • Scope: population of people living in households, people aged 15 years or more
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey

Table1 – ILO-unemployment rate in metropolitan France

Seasonally adjusted, average over quarter
ILO-unemployment rate in metropolitan France
ILO-unemployment rate (%) Variation in points Thousands
2017 Q2 2017 Q3 (p) over quarter over year 2017Q3 (p)
Unemployed persons 9.2 9.4 0.2 –0.3 2,715
15-24 years 22.6 21.9 –0.7 –3.0 593
25-49 years 8.5 8.9 0.4 0.2 1,576
50 years and more 6.3 6.4 0.1 –0.6 545
Men 9.3 9.5 0.2 –0.1 1,435
15-24 years 23.3 23.2 –0.1 –1.6 354
25-49 years 8.3 8.5 0.2 0.1 781
50 years and more 6.6 6.9 0.3 –0.4 300
Women 9.0 9.2 0.2 –0.6 1,280
15-24 years 21.8 20.1 –1.7 –4.9 239
25-49 years 8.7 9.3 0.6 0.2 795
50 years and more 6.0 5.9 –0.1 –0.8 246
Long-term unemployed persons 4.0 4.2 0.2 –0.1 1,213
  • (p) = provisional results
  • Scope: population of people living in households, people aged 15 years or more in metropolitan France
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey

In metropolitan France, among inactive people as defined by the ILO, 1.4 million persons wished to work without being considered as unemployed according to the ILO definition: they made up the halo of unemployment. Their number fell by 59,000 compared to Q2 2017 and by 62,000 over a year.

Graph2 – People in the halo of unemployment

  • Scope: population of people living in households in metropolitan France, people aged 15 years or over
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey

The employment rate decreased slightly compared to Q2 2017

The employment rate of the population aged 15-64 years stood at 65.1%, decreasing by 0.2 percentage points compared to the Q2 2017 peak. It decreased among those aged 25 to 49 and those aged 50 to 64, and held firm for youths. Over a year, the employment rate increased by 0.5 percentage points.

The full-time equivalent employment rate stood at 60.2% in Q3 2017. It fell by 0.2 percentage points q-o-q, and rose by 0.3 percentage points over a year.

Full-time employment rate stood at 53.2% in Q3 2017. It decreased by 0.1 percentage points compared to the previous quarter, and increased by 0.3 percentage points year on year. Part-time employment rate decreased by 0.1 percentage points, at 11.9%. It rose by 0.2 percentage points compared to Q3 2016. Women more often work part-time (18.2%) than men (5.4%).

Permanent employment rate for people aged 15-64 decreased slightly to 48.8% in Q3 2017. It rose by 0.3 percentage points compared to Q3 2016. Fixed-term and temporary employment rate stood at 7.8%. It fell by 0.1 percentage points compared to Q2 2017 and increased by 0.4 percentage points year on year.

Table2 – ILO employment rate in the population aged 15-64 years

Seasonally adjusted, average over quarter
ILO employment rate in the population aged 15-64 years
% of people in the age group Variation in points over
2017Q2 2017Q3 (p) quarter year
Employed people 65.3 65.1 –0.2 0.5
Men 68.9 68.8 –0.1 0.8
Women 61.9 61.5 –0.4 0.2
15-24 years 28.9 29.0 0.1 1.5
25-49 years 80.8 80.5 –0.3 0.2
50-64 years 61.6 61.4 –0.2 0.7
Included : 55-64 years 51.5 51.1 –0.4 1.0
Permanent employment 48.9 48.8 –0.1 0.3
Fixed-term and temporary employment 7.9 7.8 –0.1 0.4
Full-time employment 53.3 53.2 –0.1 0.3
Part-time employment 12.0 11.9 –0.1 0.2
Full-time equivalent employment rate 60.4 60.2 –0.2 0.3
  • (p) = provisional results
  • Scope: population of people living in households in metropolitan France, people aged 15-64 years
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey

Graph3 – Part-time employment rate by sex

  • Scope: population of people living in households in metropolitan France, people aged 15-64 years
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey

Underemployment barely changed over a year

In Q3 2017, 6.2% of the employed persons were underemployed, which mainly concerns people who have a part-time job and wish to work more. This ratio increased by 0.1 percentage points compared to Q2 2017, and decreased by 0.1 percentage points year on year.

The activity rate was almost steady in Q3 2017

The activity rate of people aged 15-64 stood at 71.9% in Q3 2017, slightly below its Q2 2017 peak (‒0.1 percentage points). It increased by 0.3 percentage points compared to Q3 2016.

Table3 – ILO activity rate in the population aged 15-64 years

Seasonally adjusted, average over quarter
ILO activity rate in the population aged 15-64 years
% of people in the age group Variation in points over
2017Q2 2017Q3 (p) quarter year
Active people 72.0 71.9 –0.1 0.3
Men 76.0 76.1 0.1 0.8
Women 68.1 67.8 –0.3 –0.2
15-24 years 37.3 37.1 –0.2 0.5
25-49 years 88.3 88.3 0.0 0.3
50-64 years 65.8 65.7 –0.1 0.3
Included : 55-64 years 54.8 54.6 –0.2 0.7
  • (p) = provisional results
  • Scope: population of people living in households in metropolitan France, people aged 15-64 years
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey

Revisions

The ILO unemployment rate in Q2 2017 is unchanged, compared to the provisional estimate published on 17 August 2017.