Household income and wealth2016 Edition
With “Household income and wealth” INSEE presents the main indicators and analyses on household monetary inequalities, poverty and wealth.
Mobility in standards of living in France
Income inequalities in a country are analysed with regard to the distribution of standards of living in the population, with the result that any deformations in this distribution over time lead to a diagnosis of increasing or decreasing inequalities. In practice, these deformations in fact generally remain fairly limited in scale: it is rare for growth differences between standard of living deciles from one year to the next to be more than a few points. However, this overall result covers some individual variations that are much greater in scale and number. In France on average, each year, a quarter of individuals see their standard of living increase by 10% or more, and a quarter see it fall by a similar amount. However, when inequalities in standards of living are measured as an average over several years rather than for a given year, this individual mobility can be put into perspective: inequality in the distribution of living standards as an average over five years is scarcely lower than inequality in current living standards.