The unemployment rate increased by 0.1 points in Q3 2016ILO Unemployment and Labour Market-related indicators (Labour Force Survey results) - third quarter 2016

In Q3 2016, the average ILO unemployment rate in metropolitan France and overseas departments stood at 10.0% of active population, after 9.9% in Q2 2016.

In metropolitan France only, the number of unemployed increased by 31,000 to 2.8 million people unemployed; thus, the unemployment rate increased by 0.1 percentage points q-o-q, standing at 9.7% of active population. It increased among youths and persons aged 50 and over, whereas it decreased for men aged 25 to 49. Over a year, the unemployment rate fell by 0.4 percentage points.

Among unemployed, 1.2 million were seeking a job for at least one year. The long-term unemployed rate stood at 4.3% of active population in Q3 2016, as in the previous quarter and a year earlier.

Informations rapides
No 300
Paru le : 17/11/2016
Prochaine parution le : 18/05/2017 at 07:30 - first quarter 2017

The unemployment rate increased by 0.1 points compared to Q2 2016

In Q3 2016, the average ILO unemployment rate in metropolitan France and overseas departments stood at 10.0% of active population, after 9.9% in Q2 2016.

In metropolitan France only, the number of unemployed increased by 31,000 to 2.8 million people unemployed; thus, the unemployment rate increased by 0.1 percentage points q-o-q, standing at 9.7% of active population. It increased among youths and persons aged 50 and over, whereas it decreased for men aged 25 to 49. Over a year, the unemployment rate fell by 0.4 percentage points.

Among unemployed, 1.2 million were seeking a job for at least one year. The long-term unemployed rate stood at 4.3% of active population in Q3 2016, as in the previous quarter and a year earlier.

Graph1 – ILO-unemployment rate

  • Estimation within +/-0.3 points of the level of unemployment rate and of its quarterly variations
  • Scope : population of people living in households, people aged 15 years or more

Table1 – ILO-unemployment rate in metropolitan France

Seasonally adjusted, average over quarter
ILO-unemployment rate in metropolitan France
ILO-unemployment rate (%) Variation in points Thousands
2016Q2 2016Q3 (p) over quarter over year 2016Q3 (p)
Unemployed persons 9.6 9.7 0.1 -0.4 2,805
15-24 years 23.9 25.1 1.2 0.8 667
25-49 years 8.9 8.7 -0.2 -0.8 1,546
50 years and more 6.5 7.0 0.5 0.0 592
Men 9.9 9.7 -0.2 -1.0 1,453
15-24 years 24.2 25.0 0.8 -0.5 358
25-49 years 9.1 8.4 -0.7 -1.3 776
50 years and more 6.9 7.5 0.6 -0.3 319
Women 9.3 9.7 0.4 0.2 1,353
15-24 years 23.5 25.3 1.8 2.5 310
25-49 years 8.8 9.0 0.2 -0.2 770
50 years and more 6.1 6.6 0.5 0.4 273
Long-term unemployed persons 4.3 4.3 0.0 0.0 1,241
  • (p) = provisional results
  • Scope : population of people living in households, people aged 15 years or more in metropolitan France
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey

In metropolitan France, among inactive people, 1.5 million persons wished to work without being considered as unemployed according to the ILO definition: they made up the halo around unemployment. In Q3 2016, the number of people in this unemployment halo decreased by 26,000 q-o-q. Over a year, it rose by 70,000.

Graph2 – People in the unemployment halo

  • Scope : population of people living in households in metropolitan France, people aged 15 years or over
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey

The employment rate decreased slightly in Q3 2016

The employment rate of the population aged 15-64 years stood at 64.6% in Q3 2016. It fell by 0.1 percentage points compared to previous quarter: it decreased among youths whereas it increased slightly for other age groups. Over a year, the employment rate rose by 0.2 percentage points.

The full-time-equivalent employment rate was stable in Q3 2016, at 59.9%.

Slight decrease in the part-time employment rate

Full-time employment rate stood at 53.0% in Q3 2016. It increased by 0.2 percentage points compared to Q2 2016, and by 0.4 percentage points year-on-year. Part-time employment rate decreased by 0.1 percentage points from the previous quarter, standing at 11.7% in Q3 2016. It decreased for women but remained much higher for women (18.1%) than for men (5.0%).

Permanent employment rate for people aged 15-64 stood at 48.5% in Q3 2016. It decreased by 0.3 percentage points q-o-q and by 0.1 percentage points year-on-year. Fixed-term and temporary employment rate stood at 7.4%, as in previous quarter and in Q3 2015.

Table2 – ILO employment rate in the population aged 15-64 years

Seasonally adjusted, average over quarter
ILO employment rate in the population aged 15-64 years
% of people in the age group Variation in points over
2016Q2 2016Q3 (p) quarter year
Employed people 64.7 64.6 –0.1 0.2
Men 68.0 68.1 0.1 0.6
Women 61.5 61.3 –0.2 0.0
15-24 years 28.5 27.5 –1.0 –0.8
25-49 years 80.2 80.4 0.2 0.4
50-64 years 60.5 60.7 0.2 0.8
Included : 55-64 years 49.6 50.1 0.5 1.1
Permanent employment 48.8 48.5 –0.3 –0.1
Fixed-term and temporary employment 7.4 7.4 0.0 0.0
Full-time employment 52.8 53.0 0.2 0.4
Part-time employment 11.8 11.7 –0.1 –0.1
Full-time equivalent employment rate 59.9 59.9 0.0 0.4
  • (p) = provisional results
  • Scope : population of people living in households in metropolitan France, people aged 15-64 years
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey

Graph3 – Part-time employment rate by sex

  • Scope : population of people living in households in metropolitan France, people aged 15-64 years
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey

Underemployment decreased

In Q3 2016, 6.3% of the employed persons were underemployed, a ratio decreasing by 0.4 percentage points over the quarter. Underemployment mainly concerns people who have a part-time job and wish to work more. Slack work stood at 0.3% of the employed (−0.2 percentage points q-o-q).

The activity rate increased by 0.1 percentage points compared to Q2 2016

The activity rate of people aged 15-64 increased by 0.1 percentage points quarter-on-quarter, standing at 71.7% in Q3 2016, which was its Q3 2015 level.

Table3 – ILO activity rate in the population aged 15-64 years

Seasonally adjusted, average over quarter
ILO activity rate in the population aged 15-64 years
% of people in the age group Variation in points over
2016Q2 2016Q3 (p) quarter year
Active people 71.6 71.7 0.1 0.0
Men 75.5 75.5 0.0 –0.2
Women 67.8 68.0 0.2 0.2
15-24 years 37.5 36.7 –0.8 –0.7
25-49 years 88.1 88.1 0.0 –0.2
50-64 years 64.8 65.3 0.5 0.8
Included : 55-64 years 53.3 54.0 0.7 1.1
  • (p) = provisional results
  • Scope : population of people living in households in metropolitan France, people aged 15-64 years
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey

Revisions

The ILO unemployment rate in Q2 2016 remains unchanged, compared to the provisional estimate published on 18 August 2016.