In July 2016, the business climate has improved in servicesMonthly survey of services - July 2016

According to business managers surveyed in July 2016, the business climate in services has improved. The composite indicator which measures it has increased by three points (101) after a decrease in June and has returned above its long-term average (100).

Informations rapides
No 189
Paru le : 21/07/2016
Prochaine parution le : 21/12/2017 at 08:45 - December 2017

According to business managers surveyed in July 2016, the business climate in services has improved. The composite indicator which measures it has increased by three points (101) after a decrease in June and has returned above its long-term average (100).

Graph1 – Business climate composite indicator

The turning point indicator has come back to the uncertainty area.

graph_retourn – Turning point indicator

  • Note: close to 1 (respectively −1), this indicator indicates a favourable short-term economic situation (respectively unfavourable). Between +0.3 and −0.3: uncertainty area.

The business prospects have improved

The balance of opinion on the general outlook, which relates the assessment of business leaders over their whole sector, has gone up slightly and stands above its long-term average. The balance on past activity has decreased slightly and stays below its long-term average. However, more business leaders than in June expect an increase in activity and in demand for the next few months.

The balance of opinion on the past operating balance has increased compared with April and come closer to its long-term average. The balance on expected operating balance is stable, at its long-term average.

The balance on past employment is virtually stable, whereas that on expected employment has gone up significantly. Both balances stand clearly above their long-term average, particularly in temporary work agencies.

Table_quarter – Economic outlook in the services sector

Balances of opinion, in %, seasonally adjusted
Economic outlook in the services sector
Average* April 16 May 16 June 16 July 16
Composite indicator 100 99 101 98 101
General outlook –8 –8 –7 –8 –6
Past activity 2 1 2 0 –2
Expected activity 2 –2 –1 –3 0
Expected demand –1 –5 0 –2 –1
Past selling prices –4 –13 –9 –9 –8
Expected selling prices –3 –4 –7 –7 –5
Past employment 3 10 11 8 9
except temporary work agencies 1 2 5 2 2
Expected employment 2 6 7 4 10
except temporary work agencies –1 –3 –1 –1 5
Investments
Past investments 1 7 3 4 2
Expected investments 1 1 5 7 7
Operating balance result
Past result –2 –6 –3
Expected result –2 –2 –2
Cash position –11 –10 –8
Difficulties of supply and demand
difficulties of supply and demand 10 11 10
difficulties of supply only 22 22 22
difficulties of demand only 32 34 35
Difficulties in recruitment 28 20 24
  • * Average of the balances of opinion since 1988
  • Source: INSEE, business survey in services

The business climate has increased markedly in road transport

In road freight, the business climate has gone up sharply in July and has come back to its level of May (105), above its long-term average. The balances on past and expected activity and on expected demand have rebounded after their decrease in June.

Rebound of the business climate in accommodation and food service activities

In accommodation and food service activities, the business climate has rebounded after a sharp decrease in June. The indicator has increased by six points and stands at 98, getting closer to its long-term average. The anticipations on activity, demand and employment have improved markedly.

Stability of the business climate in information and communication

In information and communication, the business climate is stable, slightly below (98) its long-term average. Whereas the balance on past activity has fallen, the balances on expected activity and demand have increased sharply.

The real estate business climate has recovered

In real estate, the business climate has improved significantly after a fall in June and has returned above (102) its long-term average. The balances on past and expected activity are well oriented, above their long-term average.

Stability of the business climate in professional, scientific and technical activities

In professional, scientific and technical activities, the business climate is stable (99), close to its long-term average. The balance on past activity has improved and stands above its long-term average. However, the balances on expected activity and demand stand below their long-term average.

In administrative and support service activities, the business climate is steady, slightly above its long-term average

In administrative and support service activities, the business climate is stable (102), slightly above its long-term average. The balance on past activity has decreased but remain above its long-term average. The balances on past and expected employment have gone up significantly. They stand well above their long-term average, particularly because of temporary work agencies.

Table_det – Business climate composite indicator and balances of opinion by sub-sector in services

Balances of opinion, in %, seasonally adjusted
Business climate composite indicator and balances of opinion by sub-sector in services
Aggregated classification (NA 2008) at level A21 Mean* April 16 May 16 June 16 July 16
Road transport (8%)
Composite indicator 100 103 105 101 105
Past activity –8 –9 –6 –13 –9
Expected activity –9 –5 –2 –9 –1
Expected demand –13 –10 –3 –9 0
Past employment –8 3 0 4 –3
Expected employment –10 –2 –6 –7 –10
General outlook –24 –12 –13 –17 –13
Accommodation and food service activities (11%)
Composite indicator 100 89 97 92 98
Past activity –7 –12 –4 –12 –11
Expected activity –8 –25 –14 –16 –8
Expected demand –10 –21 –12 –17 –12
Past employment –4 –4 5 –2 1
Expected employment –6 –11 –3 –3 4
General outlook –14 –22 –23 –25 –19
Information and communication (24%)
Composite indicator 100 97 97 98 98
Past activity 8 7 –7 0 –19
Expected activity 10 –4 –7 –5 4
Expected demand 10 –2 5 3 9
Past employment 6 6 5 6 4
Expected employment 10 7 8 8 10
General outlook 0 –6 –3 –1 0
Real estate activities (13%)
Composite indicator 100 101 101 96 102
Past activity 7 1 6 4 14
Expected activity 7 15 12 10 9
Expected demand 1 4 2 –3 2
Past employment 3 1 6 2 2
Expected employment 2 6 0 –2 3
General outlook –2 0 –1 –3 –1
Professional, scientific and technical activities (24%)
Composite indicator 100 96 100 99 99
Past activity –1 –7 –3 –1 3
Expected activity –2 –5 –3 –6 –4
Expected demand –6 –11 –4 –5 –8
Past employment 1 0 –2 2 1
Expected employment 0 –2 2 0 3
General outlook –9 –10 –8 –8 –9
Administrative and support service activities (18%)
Composite indicator 100 103 105 102 102
Past activity 6 17 17 15 9
Expected activity 5 9 9 4 1
Expected demand 3 3 9 6 2
Past employment 9 31 30 20 26
Expected employment 7 22 18 14 22
General outlook –5 –4 –1 –4 0
  • The figures in parentheses indicate the weights used to aggregate the sub-sector balances of opinion.
  • *Average of the balances of opinion since 1988 (2006 for road transport)
  • Source: INSEE, business survey in services