Consumer prices increased by 0.9% in average from 2012 to 2013Price Index – Annual average rates of change - 2013

The annual average rate of change of the consumer price index (CPI) decreased in 2013 to +0.9% after +2.0% in 2012. Excluding tobacco prices, the annual average rate of the CPI was a little lower (+0.7% between 2012 and 2013 after +1.9% between 2011 and 2012). Except the tobacco prices which has sped up in 2013 (+6.8% between 2012 and 2013 after +6.2% between 2011 and 2012), the prices of the major consumption items slowed down or continued to decline in 2013.

Here are published annual average rates of change of the Consumer Prices Index (CPI) in 2013. The monthly and year-on-year rates of change of the CPI in December 2013 have been also published on 14th January. The annual averages and the year-on-year rates of change are different: the annual averages refer to the whole set of prices observed during one year compared to those observed during the previous year. The year-on-year price changes refer to the prices observed during a particular month compared to those observed during the same month of the previous year.

The annual average rate of change of the consumer price index (CPI) decreased in 2013 to +0.9% after +2.0% in 2012. Excluding tobacco prices, the annual average rate of the CPI was a little lower (+0.7% between 2012 and 2013 after +1.9% between 2011 and 2012).

Except the tobacco prices which has sped up in 2013 (+6.8% between 2012 and 2013 after +6.2% between 2011 and 2012), the prices of the major consumption items slowed down or continued to decline in 2013.

The food prices has been moderated in 2013

The food prices grew less in 2013 (+1.4%) than in 2012 (+3.0%). The fresh foodstuff prices remained dynamic (+4.4% in 2012 after +5.2% in 2012), mainly because of a high increase in fresh fruit prices (+6.7% in 2013 after +4.3% in 2012) due to adverse weather conditions that have reduced supply during the year. Excluding fresh foodstuffs, the growth of food prices was lower in 2013 (+0.9%) than in 2012 (+2.7%). The meat prices remained strong (+2.8% in 2013 after +3.0% in 2012), as well as, in a lesser extent, those of alcoholic beverages (+3.2% in 2013 after +4.0% in 2012) owing to excise duty increases on these particular products.

Tableau1 – Annual average changes in consumer price index

Base 100 : 1998
Annual average changes in consumer price index
Annual average rates of change
Items weight 2013 2012 2013 From 2012 to 2013 (%)
a) All households – France
All items (00 E) 10000 126.12 127.21 0.9
FOOD (4000 E) 1658 130.82 132.59 1.4
Fresh foodstuffs (4001 E) 210 137.89 143.94 4.4
Food excluding fresh products (4002 E) 1448 129.81 130.99 0.9
TOBACCO (4034 E) 206 229.80 245.43 6.8
MANUFACTURED PRODUCTS (4003 E) 2738 101.45 101.04 –0.4
Clothing and footwear (4004 E) 458 106.51 107.50 0.9
Medical products (4005 E) 455 83.65 80.78 –3.4
Other manufactured products (4006 E) 1825 104.42 104.48 0.1
ENERY (4007 E) 822 177.74 179.14 0.8
Petroleum products (4008 E) 495 212.82 207.89 –2.3
SERVICES (4009 E) 4576 132.16 133.73 1.2
Actual rentals and services for dwellings (4010 E) 748 137.55 139.97 1.8
Medical services (4011 E) 542 120.94 121.90 0.8
Transport and communication services (4012 E) 506 99.55 95.34 –4.2
Other services (4013 E) 2780 140.58 143.57 2.1
All items excluding rentals and tobacco (5000 E) 9202 123.97 124.83 0.7
All items excluding energy (4017 E) 9178 122.39 123.47 0.9
All items excluding tobacco (4018 E) 9794 124.50 125.43 0.7
b) Urban households headed by a manual or a clerical worker – France
All, items excluding tobacco (4018 D) 9704 124.33 125.23 0.7
ALL ITEMS (00 D) 10000 126.70 127.83 0.9
  • Source : Insee – Consumer Price indexes

Energy prices have levelled off

The Energy prices have also slowed down strongly in 2013, their annual rate of change fell to +0.8% in 2013, down from +5.2% in 2012. The largest contributions to the fall in the annual rate came from petroleum products which prices went down by 2.3% in 2013 after +5.8% in 2012 and +15.8% in 2013. Overall, the decline in heating fuel was stronger (—3.1% after +9,6% in 2012) than for motor fuels (—2.5 % after +4.9% in 2012). Furthermore, if domestic gas prices moderated in 2013 ( +3.9% after +7.1% in 2012), on the opposite those of electricity prices have strongly sped up in 2013 (+6.5% after +3.1% in 2012).

Slight deceleration in prices of dwelling services

In 2013, the service prices connected with dwellings (item 4010E: actual rentals and services for dwellings) have slightly slowed down (+1.8% after +2.0% in 2012). Overall, the actual rentals increased at the same pace in 2013 than in 2012 (+1.6%). Excluding energy, the prices of the other services connected with dwellings slowed down (+2.1% in 2013 for the maintenance and repair of the dwellings, down from +4.0% in 2012; +1.8% in 2013 after +3.6% in 2012 for the water supply and the miscellaneous services relating to the dwelling in 2013). On the other hand, the rates of the dwelling insurances have sped up in 2013 (+6.4 % after +3,3 % in 2012).

Health prices shrank again in 2013

The decrease of the Health prices has continued in 2013 (—1.1% in average after —0.7% between 2011 and 2012) as a consequence of a new drop in medical product and medical appliances and equipment which prices fell by 3.4% in 2013 after —2.5% in 2012. More-over, the rise of the medical service prices remained moderate in 2013 (+0.8% after +0.9% in 2012). Doctor fees were almost stable in 2013 (+0.1% after +0.5% in 2012) while the prices of paramedical services accelerated slightly in 2013 (+1.6% after +1.2% in 2012) because of the revaluation for some services at the end of 2012 and at the beginning of 2013. Finally, the charges for health insurance have significantly slowed down in 2013 (+1.4% after +5.4% in 2012).

Communication prices slumped again in 2013

The jump in the telecommunication service prices has pursued in 2013 (—10.4% after —9.5% in 2012). As in 2012, this drop in the service prices is accompanied by a new fall in the prices of the telephone and fax equipments (—12.6% between 2012 and 2013, after —10.8% between 2011 and 2012 and —12.7% in 2011).

The manufactured product prices decelerated in 2013

After a rebound in 2012 (+2.2%), the clothing and footwear prices increased less in 2013 (+0,9%). Overall, the prices of the other manufactured goods remained almost stable in 2013 (+0.1% after +1.1% in 2012). However, they showed relatively divergent changes. Thus, the drops in the prices of the audiovisual, photographic and information processing equipments continued in 2013 at a high pace (—7.5% after —7.1% in 2012). In particular, the fall in the prices of photographic and cinematographic equipments was again substantial in 2013 (—16.1% after —14.4% in 2012) as well as for the television sets (—10.2% in 2013 up from —15.0% in 2012) and for the Information processing equipments, including computers (—7.9% after —4.8% in 2012). It was the same, but in a lesser extent, for the prices of the major household appliances which continued to decline in 2013 (—2.9% after —2,2% in 2012). Finally, after two years of strong increases, as a consequence of the high level of gold prices, those of the jewels, clocks and watchs slowed down (+2.1% in 2013 down from +9.2% in 2012 and +13.5% in 2011).

Other service prices slowed down in 2013

The prices of the other services were a little less dynamic in 2013 (+2.1%, down from +2.7% in 2012.) due to the downturn in the prices of restaurants and hotels (+2.2% in 2013 after +2.8% in 2012), more marked for the accomodation services (+1.6% in 2013 after +3.1% in 2012) than for catering services (+2.2% down from +2.8% in 2012). The prices of the transport services have also clearly decelerated in 2012 (+0.9% after +2.0% in 2012) due to a declline in airfares (—0.7% in 2013).