The unemployment rate keeps increasing in Q2 2009ILO Unemployment and Labour Market-related indicators (Labour Force Survey results) - Second Quarter 2009

The average ILO unemployment rate for Q2 2009 in metropolitan France and overseas departments increased at 9.5% of the active population.

Informations rapides
No 227
Paru le : 03/09/2009
Prochaine parution le : 15/02/2018 at 07:30 - fourth quarter 2017

The ILO unemployment rate

The ILO unemployment rate goes up by 0.6 points

The average ILO unemployment rate for Q2 2009 in metropolitan France and overseas departments increased at 9.5% of the active population.

In metropolitan France only, it reaches 9.1%, i.e., about 2.6 million people. It went up by 0.6 point compared to the revised Q1 2009. The last time this rate was reached was on the beginning of 2006, before the unemployment decreased until the beginning of 2008.

More generally, in metropolitan France, 3.3 million people do not work but would like to work, whether they are available or not for work within two weeks, or whether they look actively for a job or not (see additional indicators on the internet).

tab_cho_nvIR – ILO-unemployment rate

  • Estimation close to +/-0.4 point of the unemployment rate
  • Estimation close to +/-0.3 point of the quaterly variation of the unemployment rate
  • France = Metropolitan France + overseas departments
  • Covers the population of people living in households, people aged 15 years or more
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey

Tableau 1 – Ilo-unemployment rate in metropolitan France

Seasonally adjusted, average over quarter - Metropolitan France
Ilo-unemployment rate in metropolitan France
ILO-unemployment rate (%) Variation in point Thousands
2009 Q1 2009 Q2 (p)* over quarter over year 2009 Q2 (p)*
Total 8.5 9.1 0.6 1.8 2 591
15-24 years 22.3 23.9 1.6 5.2 662
25-49 years 7.6 8.1 0.5 1.6 1 490
50 years and more 5.7 6.0 0.3 1.0 439
Men 8.1 8.8 0.7 2.0 1 310
15-24 years 23.6 24.7 1.1 6.0 373
25-49 years 6.6 7.5 0.9 1.9 723
50 years and more 5.6 5.8 0.2 0.7 214
Women 9.0 9.4 0.4 1.6 1 280
15-24 years 20.7 22.8 2.1 4.0 289
25-49 years 8.6 8.7 0.1 1.3 767
50 years and more 5.8 6.3 0.5 1.4 224
  • *(p) = provisional results
  • Covers the population of people living in households in metropolitan France, people aged 15 years or more
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey

ILO employment and activity

On average, the activity rate over Q2 2009 in the population aged 15-64 years is 70.8% and the employment rate 64.3%. The full time equivalent employment rate is inferior by 4 points to the employment rate: it stands at 60.1%.

tab_partpop_nvIR – Activity rate, employment rate (15-64 years)

  • Covers the population of people living in households, people aged 15-64 years
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey

Tableau 2 – ILO employment, unemployment and activity in the population aged 15-64 years

Seasonally adjusted, average over quarter - Metropolitan France
ILO employment, unemployment and activity in the population aged 15-64 years
% of people in the age group Variation in point
2009 Q1 2009Q2 (p)* Over a quarter Over a year
Employed people aged 15-64 (= Employment rate) 64.4 64.3 -0.1 -0.5
Full-time equivalent employment rate 60.3 60.1 -0.2 -0.4
Men aged 15-64 68.9 68.4 -0.5 -1.0
Women aged 15-64 60.1 60.4 0.3 0.0
15-24 years 28.8 28.4 -0.4 -0.2
25-49 years 82.5 82.3 -0.2 -1.2
50-64 years 55.5 55.9 0.4 0.5
Of which: 55-64 years 41.6 42.0 0.4 0.6
Core employment rate of 55-64 years 40.2 40.6 0.4 1.6
Unemployed persons (proportion in the population aged 15-64) 6.0 6.5 0.5 1.4
Men aged 15-64 6.1 6.7 0.6 1.6
Women aged 15-64 6.0 6.3 0.3 1.2
15-24 years 8.3 8.9 0.6 2.3
25-49 years 6.7 7.3 0.6 1.5
50-64 years 3.3 3.7 0.4 0.7
Of which: 55-64 years 2.4 2.9 0.5 1.0
Active people aged 15-642 (= activity rate) 70.4 70.8 0.4 0.9
Men aged 15-64 75.0 75.1 0.1 0.6
Women aged 15-64 66.0 66.8 0.8 1.3
15-24 years 37.1 37.3 0.2 2.2
25-49 years 89.3 89.5 0.2 0.3
50-64 years 58.8 59.6 0.8 1.2
Of which: 55-64 years 44.1 44.9 0.8 1.6
Active life expectancy of 55-64 years 4.3 4.4 0.1 0.3
  • *(p) = provisional results
  • Covers the population of people living in households in metropolitan France, people aged 15 years or more
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey

Increase of the slack work

Among employed people, 5.9% are under-employed during Q2 2009 (+0.6 point), i.e 1 521 000 persons. During the last three quarters, the under-employment goes up especially because of the growth of people put in slack work: 319 000 persons are in this situation on Q2 2009, i.e. a level equivalent to the one observed in 1993. It represents an increase of 160 000 persons over the quarter, i.e +0.6 point.

Tableau 3 – ILO underemployment rate

Seasonally adjusted, average over quarter - Metropolitan France
ILO underemployment rate
ILO underemployment rate (%) Variation in point Thousands
2009Q1 2009Q2 (p)* Over a quarter Over a year 2009Q2 (p)*
Total 5.3 5.9 0.6 0.9 1 521
Of which: slack work 0.6 1.2 0.6 0.7 319
Women 8.1 8.3 0.2 0.4 1 085
Men 3.1 3.0 -0.1 0.7 436
  • *(p) = provisional results
  • Covers the population of people living in households in metropolitan France, people aged 15 years or more
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey

The unemployment rate of Q1 2009 revised

The ILO unemployment rate of the first quarter 2009 was revised downward by 0.2 points compared to the temporary publication: it stood at 8.5% in metropolitan France (8.7% according to temporary data). Besides, Q4 2008 was revised upward (+0.2 points); so, the surge in Q1 2009 observed in the temporary publication (+1,1 points) is reduced (+0,7 points). These revisions are bound to the revision of the correction of seasonal adjustment and to the integration of the results of the non response survey for Q1 2009.