Données sociales : la société française - 2002-2003 ed.
Obesity and asthma: two pathologies whose prevalence among children is growing, surveyed through school medical examinations
Children entering primary school have to undergo a medical examination performed by the doctors and nurses of France's Education Ministry. According to a survey carried out in 1999-2000 among a sample of 30,000 pupils who'd just undergone their medical examination, 14% of 6 year old children were overweight, including 4% who were obese and 10% who were moderately overweight. Children living in big cities and priority education areas (zones d'éducation prioritaires ZEP) are more likely to be overweight than those living in rural communities. Asthma affects between 6 and 12% of children with various degrees of severity, and is more common among boys than girls.