Labour cost index in industry, building industry and tertiary / LCI
Présentation de l'opération
Organisme producteur :
Insee. Direction des statistiques démographiques et sociales (DSDS)
Type d'opération :
The purpose of the labour cost index (LCI) is to reflect the trends in the hourly cost of labour of the salaried work force (cost of labour per hour of work). The LCI incorporates all costs (salaries and charges) and is broken down by business sector: industry, the building industry and tertiary (non-agricultural market sectors). This index is harmonised on a European level (regulations n° 450/2003 and n° 1216/2003). The concepts used are based on the regulation for the implementation of the labour cost survey (ECMO). The European harmonization of LCI facilitates its use and that of his non-revisable derived - the ICHTrevTS- for indexing contracts that are increasingly focus on European markets and even global markets.
Thèmes abordés :
The ICT is used to describe trends in all: - pay; - social contributions; - conventional charges; - taxes (taxes or duties based on the wage bill or employment) net of subsidies (subsidies linked to the wage bill or employment of certain given categories of persons).
Champ de l'opération
Champ géographique :
Champ(s) statistique(s) couvert(s) :
The scope of the LCI covers, in Nace rev. 2, the industrial sector (extraction industries, manufacturing industry, gas, electricity, steam, conditioned air, water; sewerage, waste, cleanup), the tertiary sector (trade, transport, warehousing, accommodation, catering, information, communication, finance, insurance, real-estate activities, specialist scientific and technical activities, administrative services, support) as well as the building sector. Or sections B to N of NAF rev. 2 of 2008: - Extraction industries; - Manufacturing industry; - Gas, electricity, steam, conditioned air; - Water; sewerage, waste, cleanup; - The building industry; - Trade; - Transport, warehousing; - Accommodation, catering; - Information, communication; - Finance, insurance; - Real-estate activities; - Specialisted scientific and technical activities; - Administrative services, support.
Unité statistique enquêtée :
Enterprise or Establishment
Périodicité de l'opération :
Before 1997, a labour cost index (LCIO) was calculated whose scope only covered workmen. From January 1997, an hourly labour cost index - all employees (ICHT-TS) was introduced for a certain number of sectors (NAF rev. 1): textiles (division 17), clothing-leather (18-19), services to businesses (74), mechanical and electrical industries (28 to 35). The ICHT-TS measured the cost of labour without taking into account any changes to the classification of jobs or their breakdown by gender (constant structure index). Whereas the ICHT-TS is more similar to a labour price index, the LCI, introduced in 2005, is a genuine labour cost index: its trends take account of modifications to the employment structure.
Source d'information :
The data needed to calculate this index is collected from: - the economic trend data of the Central Agency of Social Security Associations (ACOSS), relating to the wage bill, employee numbers and social charge exemptions; - quarterly Labour Activity and Employment Conditions Surveys (ACEMO) for the hourly volume of labour. The ACEMO survey is conducted by the Research, Studies and Statistics Department of the Ministry for Labour (DARES); - Surveys on the Cost of Labour and Wage Structure (ECMOSS) in order to measure other costs.
The LCI is the sum of the wage bill, social charges and other costs after taking into account the charge exemptions compared to the hourly volume of work. It is a chain-linked Laspeyres index with a base of 100 in 2012. It is revisable and revised on a quarterly basis. The ICT is calculated as an hourly rate. Its European harmonisation allows comparisons with the different Member States. As the European regulation stipulates, in addition to the LCI relating to salaries and charges, INSEE calculates another index: the labour cost index - salaries only (LCI - salaries only). Calculated based on the same data sources and for the same business sectors, the LCI - salaries only is a labour cost index excluding social charges. It is separate from the "basic monthly wage" (SMB). The SMB is a constant-quality labour price index; i.e. it does not take into account the effect of increases in the qualifications of employees on wages.
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