Homeless in 2001 (Users of accommodation and hot meal distribution services People) (survey about)

Dernière mise à jour le : 19/03/2014

Présentation de l'opération

Organisme producteur :

Insee. Direction des statistiques démographiques et sociales (DSDS)

Type d'opération :


Objectifs :

Improve knowledge of the economic and social situation of homeless people and of the processes leading to exclusion from housing

Thèmes abordés :

The survey covers the following topics: situation with regard to housing, residential history, financial resources, personal benefits, situation on the job market, training, social contacts, access to care and family history.

Champ de l'opération

Champ géographique :

Metropolitan France , conurbations of more than 20 000 inhabitants

Champ(s) statistique(s) couvert(s) :

People using accommodation services or distribution of cooked meals

Caractéristiques techniques

Unité statistique enquêtée :

French-speaking people aged 18 and over

Période et mode de collecte :

Data collection was carried out by face-to-face interviews held from 15 January 2001 to 12 February 2001.

Historique :

This is the first survey of its type carried out by INSEE, in collaboration with other organisations.

However, in the framework of activities initiated by the National Statistical Information Council (CNIS) in 1996, the National Demographic Studies Institute (INED) had conducted an initial survey of the users of support services in the Paris conurbation.

Plan de sondage :

The sample is produced by three-stage sampling: conurbations, support services and survey days, and the users of these services.

In June 1999, 80 conurbations were randomly sampled: a complete register of the accommodation and hot meal distribution services was compiled in these conurbations.

In March 2000, a telephone survey of 2,800 organisations was conducted with a view to gathering additional information about the types and characteristics of the services on offer. A database of nearly 1,500 services was thus compiled.

Then, on the actual day of the survey (between January and February 2001), a third sampling level was applied: in general, 4 "service provisions x day". In practice, investigating the "services provided" actually amounted to investigating the beneficiaries of these services.

The services to be surveyed were selected either by random sampling from the list of users of the service or, in the absence of such a list, according to the order in which users passed through a mandatory point: front door, exit door or the meal distribution table.

All in all, INSEE surveyed 4,000 people aged 18 and over, in 80 conurbations in Metropolitan France, in order to obtain a representative sample of adults attending cooked meal distributions or accommodation services, in conurbations of more than 20,000 inhabitants.

Accompanying children were recorded but not questioned. It was only possible to contact people who had attended either an accommodation service or a cooked meal distribution service at least once during the week of the survey.

Autres spécifications :

The survey was conducted among people who attended an accommodation or free catering site at least once during the period between 15 January and 12 February 2001.

A person is described as "homeless" on a given day if, on the previous night, he or she used an accommodation service or slept in a place not intended for habitation (street or makeshift shelter).