Municipality Inventory 1998
Présentation de l'opération
Organisme producteur :
Insee. Direction des statistiques démographiques et sociales (DSDS)
- Central service for surveys and statistical studies (Scees) of the Ministry for Agriculture - Delegation for Territorial Planning and Regional Action (Datar)
Type d'opération :
Town halls are surveyed in order to complete the municipality inventory. It is an inventory of commercial facilities and services to the population across the territory of the municipality. It provides information on settlement density, population density and use of facilities. Maps can also be produced pinpointing centres of attraction and customer catchment areas. The municipality inventory is particularly useful in rural areas and in small and medium-sized conurbations as it provides an overview of life in the municipalities and their infrastructure and also the behaviour of the majority of the inhabitants when a particular facility does not exist. The main objectives are: - to update certain information about French municipalities; - to gain better knowledge of the living environment at local level by compiling an inventory of shops, services and facilities frequented by individuals; - to measure the settlement density of these facilities and the proximity of access to services; - for villages and small towns, to produce a map of the attraction generated when certain facilities are used.
Thèmes abordés :
Questions cover 9 types of facility: - services and shops; - development; - water and sewerage; - transport and travel; - education; - health and social action; - sports, leisure and culture; - tourism; - seasonal activities.
Champ de l'opération
Champ géographique :
Metropolitan France and overseas departments
Champ(s) statistique(s) couvert(s) :
The survey itself covers municipalities of 30,000 inhabitants or less. For municipalities of more than 30,000 inhabitants, external sources are used to produce the inventory (administrative files, urban infrastructure survey). The following departments are not concerned by this survey: Paris (75), Hauts-de-Seine (92), Seine-Saint-Denis (93) and Val-de-Marne (94).
Unité statistique enquêtée :
Périodicité de l'opération :
This survey is conducted every 10 years approximately.
Période et mode de collecte :
Municipalities are questioned by post after a circular letter is sent out by the Prefect during February and March. The reference date for completing the latest questionnaire was 1st January 1998. Only facilities which had been completed were considered at this date.
The municipality inventory took place for the first time in 1970, then in 1980, 1988 and 1998.
Plan de sondage :
Municipalities with 30,000 inhabitants or less are surveyed exhaustively.
Questions differ according to the municipalities. There are two questionnaires: - one standard questionnaire, adapted specifically to small municipalities as it had a supplementary section on supply services that the 1988 survey did not have; - the other "urban" questionnaire, with all the sections about services and shops, health and education removed. This questionnaire was sent to 1,306 municipalities which were part of urban units with more than 10,000 inhabitants, 960 of which were municipalities which themselves had fewer than 10,000 inhabitants. Municipalities with more than 30,000 inhabitants were not surveyed: the most common facilities were attributed the maximum number (9 and over). Less common facilities were attributed using available administrative files (veterinary practices, hypermarkets, furniture stores, household goods, shoe shops .... middle schools, high schools, chemists, hotel capacity and camp sites). The Urban Facilities survey was used mainly for sports and cultural facilities. For these municipalities no information was available on attraction if a specific facility was absent. Municipalities of more than 10,000 inhabitants surveyed using the urban questionnaire: this concerned 346 municipalities. For businesses and services, a service was listed as existing and the number of facilities was given as the mean number observed in municipalities of the same size surveyed with the standard questionnaire. Municipalities of fewer than 10,000 inhabitants surveyed using the urban questionnaire: this concerned 960 municipalities. Traditional sources were used to reply to questions on services and businesses: the urban facilities survey (public services, hypermarkets, professional high schools, day nurseries and aid structures, etc.), files on facilities, and mean results obtained in municipalities of the same size. If a facility was absent, the centre of the conurbation was given as the municipality frequented in the case of urban units that are small in area (fewer than 15 municipalities). For urban units that are particularly large in area (more than 15 municipalities), no information was available on attraction. 36 reference facilities have been monitored in the various municipality inventories since 1980, giving the number of facilities and the municipality frequented. Four ranges of facility are defined, according to whether the 36 facilities are generally widely available or fairly scarce: - the basic range includes 6 facilities or services: general grocery store, tobacconist, primary school, builder, plumber-joiner, car repair workshop; - the local range includes 10: butcher/cooked meats, baker's, post office, electrician, nurse, general doctor, pharmacy, painter-decorator, hairdresser's, petrol station; - the intermediate range contains 17: - shops: hardware, bookshop-stationer's, shoes, electrical goods, furniture, clothes, supermarket, - medical services: ambulance, dentist, physiotherapist, - public services: middle school, police, tax office, fire station, - other services: bank, notary, veterinary surgeon; - The extended range contains the following 3 facilities: cinema, hospital and medical analysis laboratory.
Autres spécifications :
The Central service for surveys and statistical studies (Scees) of the Ministry for Agriculture has become the Service for statistics and forward studies (SSP) and the Delegation for Territorial Planning and Regional Action (Datar) has become the Interministerial Delegation for development and territorial competitiveness (DIACT). The permanent database of facilities (BPE) partly replaces the municipality inventory, last carried out in 1998. It is compiled from different administrative files listing facilities by municipality.
Voir aussi :