Community innovation survey/ CIS 2010

Dernière mise à jour le : 09/07/2015

Présentation de l'opération

Organisme producteur :

Insee. Direction des statistiques d'entreprises (DSE)

Type d'opération :


Objectifs :

The main objectives of the Community Innovation Survey (CIS) 2010 are:

-to provide quantitative information on the frequency of innovation in enterprises (frequency in terms of number of companies and share of turnover that results from innovation);

-to describe the different aspects of the innovation process ( innovation expenditure, sources of information and cooperation, aims of innovations introduced in 2008 to 2010);

-to understand the mechanisms that explain in which area an enterprise can be innovative.

Thèmes abordés :

The main topics covered in the survey are as follows:

-frequency of innovation by innovation type (products, processes, organisational, marketing): number of enterprises that have introduced such innovations during the period 2008 to 2010;

-degree of innovation: turnover share (2010) from product or service innovations introduced between 2008 and 2010 : products or services that are new to the market, products or services that are new to the enterprise only;

-expenditure associated with product and process innovation activities according to a simple nomenclature: expenditure on research and development - R&D (internal/external), innovation-related equipment expenditure (excl. R&D); acquisition of external knowledge-related expenditure.

-other aspects of the innovation process concerning product and process innovations (qualitative questions only): public funding, sources of information and forms of cooperation to develop innovations, objectives of achieved innovations;

-frequency and objectives of marketing and organisational innovations;

-factors hampering product or process innovation activities ;

-creativity and skills obtained from internal or external sources (software development, Web design etc.)

Champ de l'opération

Champ géographique :

Metropolitan France and overseas departments

Champ(s) statistique(s) couvert(s) :

This survey is harmonised at European level in accordance with regulations covering innovation statistics; it covers the following activities (divisions in NAF rev. 2):

-Mining and quarrying (divisions 05 to 09);
-Manufacturing (divisions 10 to 33);
-Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply (division 35);
-Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation (divisions 36 to 39);
-Construction (divisions 41 to 43);
-Wholesale trade, excluding cars and motorcycles (division 46);
-Transportation and storage (divisions 49 to 53);
-Publishing (division 58);
-Motion picture, video and television programme production; sound recording and music publishing / programming and broadcasting activities (divisions 59 and 60);
-Telecommunications (division 61);
-Computer programming, consultancy and related activities (division 62);
-Information services activities (division 63);
-Financial service activities, except insurance and pension funding (division 64 to 66);
-Real estate activities (division 68);
-Legal and accounting activities (division 69);
-Activities of head offices; management consultancy activities (division 70);
-Architectural and engineering activities; technical testing and analysis (division 71);
-Scientific research and development (division 72);
-Advertising and market research (division 73);
-Other specialised scientific and technical activities (division 74);
-Rental and leasing activities (division 77);
-Employment activities (division 78);
-Travel agency, tour operator and other reservation service and related activities (division 79);
-Security and investigation activities (division 80);
-Services to buildings and landscape activities (division 81).

Some activites that were included for the last edition CIS were excluded from the field for this edition : “Accomodation and food service activities” (divisions 55 and 56 of the NAF), “Wholesale and retail trade and repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles” (division 45) and “Retail trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles” (division 47).

Caractéristiques techniques

Unité statistique enquêtée :

Market and operating enterprises of 10 employees or more.

Périodicité de l'opération :

This survey takes place every two years and covers a three-year period. CIS2010 covers the three years 2008 to 2010.

Période et mode de collecte :

The survey was launched on June 2011 and ended on December 2011.

Historique :

This survey is a continuation of the previous surveys, CIS2008 (CIS6) in 2011, CIS2006 (CIS5) in 2007,CIS4 in 2005-2006, CIS3 in 2001, CIS2 in 1997 and CIS1 in 1994.

The Community Innovation Survey (CIS) was designed to meet the European political demand for statistics on innovation expressed at the Lisbon summit in 1997.

The CIS is based on the Oslo manual, produced according to guidelines from the OECD and defining survey methodologies and the notions of innovation: this originally covered technological innovations in products and processes.

The first edition of the manual came out in 1992 and has been revised twice, with the third verision introducing new concepts of organisational innovation and marketing.

CIS3 applied this latest version in 2001 and extended the scope of the survey to trading and services companies while focusing on technological innovations. To complement CIS3, in 2002 Insee conducted an experimental survey entitled “General Innovation” and covered a wider concept of innovations in trading and services companies. In 2005-2006, CIS4 was a new version of the survey which covered all sectors of activity and extended the notion of innovation.
For CIS2006, questions dealing with the regionalisation of innovation expenditure are added to the questionnaire.

For CIS2008, several questionnaires are sent to enterprises, depending on their field of activity (construction, wholesale and retail trade, finance, services, transport). A section about environmental innovation is added. For 7 regions (Franche-Comté, Nord Pas-de-Calais, Île-de-France, Haute-Normandie, Pays-de-la-Loire, PACA, Corse), regional extensions complete the national sample to provide additionnal data.

Source d'information :

The previous waves of this survey were conducted by the Industrial studies and statistics Service (Sessi) of the Ministry for Industry, which in January 2009 became the Centre for industrial statistics at INSEE.

Plan de sondage :

The sample is directly linked with the Sirene register.

The national sample contains 21,318 units, the regional extension part contains 8,052.

Méthodologie :

The aim of CIS 2010 is to understand the mechanisms that explain in which area an enterprise it innovative. It is governed by a European framework and covers active, market and agricultural enterprises with 10 or more employees.

The European regulation stipulates that data should be provided according to indicators based on the following 9 main themes:

1 - enterprises with innovation activity
2 - enterprises that have introduced a new product on the market
3 - turnover related to new products on the market
4 - turnover related to innovative products but which already existed on the market
5 - cooperation with other enterprises for innovation activities
6 - innovation expenditure
7 -  very important effects of innovation
8 - very important information sources
9 - hampering factors

Eurostat drew up a list of tables where information on all these indicators could be entered and a series of additional elements.

The regulation stipulates that information should be provided at several sector levels, up to division level (2 digits in NACE), several size classes (10-49, 20-49, 50-249, 250 and more) and regional level for SMEs (defined as enterprises of 10 to 249 employees).

Autres spécifications :

The previous waves of this survey were conducted by the Industrial studies and statistics Service (Sessi) of the Ministry for Industry, which in January 2009 became the Centre for industrial statistics at INSEE.