Survey on “Global value chains”

Sources
Dernière mise à jour le : 29/11/2013

Présentation de l'opération

Organisme producteur :


Insee. Direction des statistiques d'entreprises (DSE).

Type d'opération :

Survey

Objectifs :

The Survey on "Global value chains" aims at highlighting the fragmentation process developed by companies which lead them to source activities to other companies located in France or to source abroad some activities previously handled in France.

The Survey on "Global value chains" is part of an European Project. Fourteen other countries, with a quite small size, have also carried out such a survey in 2012.

Thèmes abordés :

The main topics of this survey are :

- the type of activities sourced in France or sourced abroad between 2009 and 2011 : core business function on the one hand, support functions divided into 6 categories on the other hand ;
- the types of international sourcing between 2009 and 2011 : inside or outside the group ;
- the geographical areas hosting international sourcing between 2009 and 2011 : dividing of the world (excluding France) into 11 geographical areas ; the consequences of international sourcing in terms of jobs lost in France between 2009 and 2011 ;
- the reasons for international sourcing ; the obstacles encountered during a planned and/or done international sourcing between 2009 and 2011 ;
- the use by French companies of their own subsidiaries located in France or abroad in order to carry out one part of the activity chain at the end of 2011 : this information is detailed by activity and geographical area ; the evolution of this use abroad between 2009 and 2011 ;
- the use by French companies of companies (located in France or abroad ) inside the group other than their own affiliates, in order to carry out one part of the activity chain at the end of 2011 : this information is detailed by activity and geographical area ; the evolution of this use abroad between 2009 and 2011.
- The use by French companies of subcontracting with companies (located in France or abroad) outside the group in order to carry out one part of the activity chains : this information is detailed by activity and geographical area; the evolution of this use abroad between 2009 and 2011 ;
- The number of employees inside the company at the end of 2011 by activity and the evolution of theses figures between 2009 and 2011.

Champ de l'opération

Champ géographique :

Metropolitan France and overseas departments

Champ(s) statistique(s) couvert(s) :

The survey scope covers non-financial companies in the market sector with 50 employees or more at the end 2008, whose sector falls within divisions 05 to 82 (excl. 64 to 66) of NACE rev.2
The European scope is limited to companies of the non-financial market sector with 100 employees or more at the end of 2008

Caractéristiques techniques

Unité statistique enquêtée :

Company (legal unit identified by a French "SIREN" number)

Périodicité de l'opération :

The survey is non periodical, but it will probably be renewed.

Période et mode de collecte :

Data collection on internet. However, companies had the possibility to answer on a paper questionnaire on demand.
Data was collected from June to October 2012.

Historique :

It is a new survey. However, it is extending at a European level in a broadly renewed manner the survey elaborated in 2007 under the auspices of Eurostat and called International Sourcing (IS). In France, the IS survey had inspired the "Survey on internationalization strategies" (ESI) which had been carried out on a trial basis one year later on a limited number of sectors.

Plan de sondage :

The sample contains 8 093 companies for an overall sampling frame of the scope of about 28 500 companies. The sampling frame contains companies belonging to the French "SIRENE" register, located in France (Metropolitan France and overseas departments), active on March 31st 2012, belonging to the non financial market sector, with 50 employees or more on December 31st 2008 and whose main activity corresponds to the sections from B to N (exception section K) from NACE Rév.2.

Then this sampling frame has been matched with the LIFI database (database containing financial links between companies) provided by INSEE in order to collect in particular some information about the type of company (not belonging to a group, subsidiary or a group, head of a group) and the ownership of subsidiaries located in France or abroad.

The sampling frame is stratified by the activity of the company (71 categories) and the workforce (3 categories: from 50 to 99 employees, from 100 to 249 employees, 250 employees or more): this brings 213 strata in the sampling frame.

The 4 964 legal units of 250 employees or more taken from the sampling frame are exhaustively surveyed.

Concerning non-exhaustive strata, an allocation proportional to the workforce has been calculated and then slightly modified in order to improve (or to re-balance in some cases) the precision on the more expected fields of dissemination.

In each stratum, the drawing of the sample has been carried out with the "systematic drawing" method applied on the database sorted by " fine type " of company for each stratum.

Méthodologie :

Data are controlled and corrected at an individual level during the collection by the team managing the survey: this team contacts by phone or by e-mail the units which presents some inconsistent or implausible data in order to validate or to correct these data.

After the end of data collection, some more complex checks are applied. This step, called "data cleaning step", includes some individual correction.

Then comes the step of "non-response correction and calibration" which includes the total non-response correction (changing the weight of units in order to grant that the exploitation of the results will be precisely representative of the survey scope) and the partial non-response correction. This step also includes a calibration process of units weights on framing variables (known apart from the survey) in order to enhancing the accuracy of estimations done with the survey results.

Eurostat has transmitted to each country carrying out the survey the list of indicators required at the European level, as well as the expected levels of aggregation for these indicators.

An example of required indicator is the number of companies which have totally or partially sourced internationally some activities between 2009 and 2011, by activity and by geographical area of international sourcing; This indicator must be delivered not only for the whole survey scope but also for two aggregated sectors (industry, services) and for several less aggregated categories of sectors (for example: High and medium high-technology manufacturing).

Autres spécifications :

The 6 categories describing support functions in the survey are :

- Distribution and logistics support functions ;
- Marketing, sales and after sales services including help desks and call centres ;
- Information and communications technology services ;
- Administrative and management functions including procurement service ;
- Research & Development, engineering and related technical services ;
- Other support functions.

The world (excluding France) is divided into eleven geographical areas in the survey :
- EU-15 except France: Belgium, Denmark, Germany, Greece, Spain, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Austria, Portugal, Finland, Sweden, the United-Kingdom.
- EU-12 (new Member States): Czech Republic, Estonia, Cyprus, Lithuania, Latvia, Hungary, Malta, Poland, Slovenia, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Romania.
- Russia.
- Other European countries : particularly Switzerland, Norway, Turkey, Belarus, Ukraine, the Balkans.
- China.
- India.
- Other countries of Asia and Oceania : particularly Japan, Korea, Middle-East and Far East, Australia, New-Zealand.
- USA and Canada.
- Brazil.
- Other countries of America.
- Africa.

There are eight " fine type " categories in the survey :
- not belonging to a group ;
- subsidiary of a group settled only in France ;
- head of a group settled only in France ;
- head of a multinational group ;
- subsidiary belonging to a multinational group whose head is located in France and owning subsidiaries abroad ;
- subsidiary belonging to a multinational group whose head is located abroad and owning subsidiaries abroad ;
- subsidiary belonging to a multinational group whose head is located in France and not owning subsidiaries abroad ;
- subsidiary belonging to a multinational group whose head is located abroad and not owning subsidiaries abroad ;