Activities of subidiaries under national control implanted in foreign countries / Outward FATS

Dernière mise à jour le : 11/06/2013

Présentation de l'opération

Organisme producteur :

Insee. Direction des statistiques d'entreprises (DSE)

Type d'opération :


Objectifs :

The objective of this scheme is to collect the information of the heads of groups in France about their subsidiaries abroad.

The growing need for information on issues of globalization and the role of multinationals has led the E.U. to set up a monitoring system of the affiliates located in one country but controlled by a foreign group. This is the Foreign Affiliates Statistics system (FATS). It includes two components: Inward FATS aimed at monitoring foreign firms in the country; Outward FATS on follow-up of affiliates controlled by national groups and located in foreign countries. In June 2007, the Member States of the European Union adopted Regulation EC N°716/2007, which requires the production of FATS statistics.

This scheme is led within the framework of the European regulation Foreign AffiliaTes Statistics (FATS) n° 716/2007 of June 20th, 2007. It includes two sectors:

- on one hand Inward FATS try to measure the activity of the foreign firms on the national territory;

- on the other hand Outward is dedicated to the follow-up of subsidiaries under national control implanted in foreign countries.

The objective of Eurostat is to move closer by a symmetry, to the data collected in both sources Inward et Outward to reconstitute the whole puzzle.

It will permit to measure the foreign presence of the French groups through the enumeration and the characterization of their subsidiaries operating outside the national territory.

This scheme would apprehend the profiling of the median size groups.

Thèmes abordés :

This survey contains the three variables to be necessarily supplied, as from 2011 concerning 2009, for France: the turnover, the staff and the number of subsidiaries by country of presence of subsidiaries and by business sector. It also integrates some additional variables among which the costs of staff and the physical investment.

This OFATS survey questions the French groups on the same parameters of their locations abroad: number of affiliates by country and activity sector, and turnover and manpower of these subsidiaries.

The survey includes three variables that appear in the FATS regulation and are necessarily required: the number of subsidiaries, their number of employees and their turnover by country and activity sector.

Champ de l'opération

Champ géographique :

France including overseas department (DOM)

Champ(s) statistique(s) couvert(s) :

All merchant activity sectors are concerned (excluded financial sector).

Caractéristiques techniques

Unité statistique enquêtée :

" UCI " : Ultimate Controlling Institutional unit.

Périodicité de l'opération :


Période et mode de collecte :

The collection is made from May for large MNE and from September for the others. The units "UCI" are questioned either by (via) Internet, or by an Excel file for large companies.

Historique :

A pilot survey on the foreign operations of French companies was conducted in 2008 on FY 2007. The survey population for this first edition concerned French groups with at least one subsidiary located outside the European Union. Following the success of this pilot survey, the Outward FATS survey (known as 'OFATS') is now carried out every year.

An experimental survey with the French groups holding at least a subsidiary outside the European Union was realized in 2009.

Plan de sondage :

The coverage is all the groups for which the main center of decision is in France and controlling at least a company implanted outside France.

The selection of the groups to be investigated is made from the file stemming from the survey on financial links (Lifi) which gives the outlines of groups and an information on the foreign subsidiaries.

INSEE questions yearly about 2,500 groups of the non-financial sectors with at least one subsidiary outside France. The results of the survey are statistically adjusted for partial and total non-response. Due to the dominant role of major groups in the global economy, the largest groups that have not responded are subject to a specific treatment, based on information about their foreign affiliates available in their yearly reports.

Autres spécifications :

For groups of the financial sector, the Banque de France produces the required statistics from the data it collects through its own surveys and prudential enquiries. The Banque de France transmits their results to Insee which is in charge of the treatment of confidentiality and the sent to Eurostat.

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