Household consumption / 2000 Base
Dernière mise à jour le : 08/08/2017
Présentation de l'opération
Organisme producteur :
Insee. Direction des Etudes et Synthèses Economiques (DESE)
Type d'opération :
Analysis of changes in household consumption expenditure, associated with other factors (such as gross disposable income), shows household behaviour related to consumption/savings. In addition, it provides a detailed analysis of consumption at three further levels: - consumed products: products are defined according to manufacturing process and material of which the consumed object is made, e.g. textile, wood, chemical, etc.; - function, or according to the needs that the consumption meets. For example: food, alcoholic beverages and tobacco, clothing and shoes, housing, heating, light, etc.; - the durable or non-durable nature of the goods consumed (durable goods as opposed to fungible goods). In this way the important durable goods can be distinguished (vehicles, furniture, household or leisure equipment) from semi-durable goods (textiles, clothing) and non-durable goods (food, energy).
Champ de l'opération
Champ géographique :
Metropolitan France and overseas departments, including Mayotte.
Périodicité de l'opération :
Every year, INSEE carries out an evaluation of household consumption expenditure as defined in the national accounts. In year N, consumption for the previous year is published for the first time in what is called the "provisional" version. This can be revised for the first time one year later (in N+1), and then for the last time, two years later (N+2), for the "definitive" version.
In the past, about every ten years, and now every five years on average, statisticians carried out an in-depth revision of the methods and evaluations used in the national accounts: this revision leads to what is called "a new base". Changes of base may also be accompanied by revisions of concepts or of classifications. Data are currently published in 2010 base. Since 1986, there have been five bases : base 80, base 95, bases 2000, 2005 and 2010. The evaluation of household consumption with the 1995 base differs appreciably from that with the 80 base (changes in concepts, changes to fields and re-evaluations of consumption levels, changes to the product classification). In the 1995 base, this covers: - inclusion of the overseas departments (DOM); - classification of duties and taxes in the 1980 base (e.g. household waste collection tax) as "household expenditure"; - different treatment for offsetting tariff reductions; - removal from consumption from antiques and art objects; - re-evaluation of 80 base levels from available sources, including adding new products. Compared with the 95 base, consumption in the 2000 base additionally covers: - inclusion in household expenditure of expenses related to financial intermediation services indirectly measured (FISIM); this expenditure corresponds to financial institutions' interest margins on consumer credit and on deposits. - re-evaluation of levels of the 95 base from available sources, including adding new products, especially for goods and services associated with information and communication technology. In the 2005 base, the consumption is now based on the French classification of activities - NAF rev. 2. The change in classification has been an opportunity to : - an overhaul of the account of non-profit institutions serving households and of the social action ; - the integration of VAT on leasing in FISIM ; - a revaluation of consumption levels based on available sources, including readjustments on satellites accounts. In the 2010 base, consumption levels are measured using the concepts described in the new European system of Accounts (ESA 2010). Compared to the base 2005, it includes: - the integration of Mayotte as overseas department - a new way to register tax credit that underestimates the consumption expenditure of households (either as grant or as social benefits in kind) -the classification as "consumption expenditure of households' of tax on registration certificates - the new definition of consumption casualty insurance, based on the difference between collected premiums and expected benefits (and no longer based on actually paid benefits) -the revaluation of the 2005 base levels from the available sources.
Three stages are necessary when assessing consumption expenditure for a given year: 1. From the perspective of household behaviour, a "proposal" is produced at a very detailed level of the classification by combining a variety of sources: periodic household surveys (e.g. Family budget) or outlook surveys, branch of activity surveys, statistics from professional syndicates, foreign trade data, use of household or retailer panels. This first synthesis leads : - in most cases, to adopt a change in value index, used to obtain consumption at its current value. This is then deflated by the annual average trend in the consumer price index (CPI) to give consumption evaluated at the previous year's prices; - in other cases, to adopt a change in volume index, which when applied to consumption at the value of the previous year gives consumption evaluated at the previous year's prices. With this second index, the average annual evolution of consumer prices is applied to obtain consumption at its current value. 2. These detailed estimates are then faced a more aggregated level with other evaluations: - trade accounts, prepared with a view to distribution, for the "marketable consumption" field; - "resource-use balances" by product (where consumption constitutes a use), where the production view predominates. Trade-offs are required which may affect household consumption. The evaluation of consumption usually stops at the end of this stage. 3. In a last phase, consumption balanced according to products and the "final household consumption expenditure" aggregate are compared with the major balances of the "integrated economic accounts" and the aggregates of the household accounts. This comparison can also lead to trade-offs, which modify the consumption evaluation. Expenditure that can be individualised by general governments (social transfers in kind) derives from accounts that are drawn up mainly by the Direction des Finances Publiques (Tax Department) and checked by INSEE. Individualisable expenditure by non-profit institutions serving households (NPISH) is evaluated in the context of a synthesis of the accounts of this institutional sector.
Autres spécifications :
Consumption (in the 2010 base) is established according to the European system of accounts (ESA 2010) which France implements from the 2010 base onwards. Annual data are published "chain-linked, in volume": the principle consists of chaining trends calculated in volume from year to year to the previous year's prices based on values from the base year. In this way comparisons can be made with the actual changes that have taken place.
Voir aussi :