Permanent database of facilities/ BPE

Dernière mise à jour le : 01/08/2017

Présentation de l'opération

Organisme producteur :

- Direction des Statistiques Démographiques et Sociales (DSDS)
- Pôle Base permanente des équipements (Direction régionale Aquitaine-Limousin-Poitou-Charentes)

Type d'opération :

Administrative source

Objectifs :

The purpose of the permanent database of facilities (BPE) is to provide information on the level of facilities and services a territory provides for its population.

Various types of data can be produced from this database, such as the presence or absence of a facility, the density of a facility, or an availability indicator of a facility from the point of view of the inhabitants; all these data can be provided for a geographical area that may be at infra-municipality level (statistical block groups).

By providing detailed information about the location of facilities and population, distances can be calculated between areas municipalities that do or do not provide certain facilities, for example, the spatial concentration of facilities can be studied, and facilities and their potential users can be brought together.

Thèmes abordés :

Facilities are allocated to one of three ranges:

- Local range: Infant school, pharmacy, baker's, post office, etc.

- Intermediate range: Middle school, speech therapist, supermarket, police, Gendarmerie etc.

- Extended range: High school, hospital, maternity ward, hypermarket, job center, etc.

Champ de l'opération

Champ géographique :

Metropolitan France and overseas departments

Champ(s) statistique(s) couvert(s) :

The permanent database of facilities includes a wide range of facilities and services provided for the population.

The areas currently covered are services, market or non-market, commerce, health and social action, education, sport and leisure, tourism, transport and culture.
More than 2,3 million facilities are listed here.

Caractéristiques techniques

Périodicité de l'opération :

The permanent database of facilities is updated annually on 1st January.

Historique :

The first BPE covered data for 2007.

Source d'information :

The database is supplied with data from several administrative sources:

Six directories

- the ADELI file (Computerisation of lists: record of diplomas of health and social professionals, and psychologists), file managed by the Research, Studies, Appraisal and Statistics department (Drees) of the Ministry of Health;

- the RPPS management body, healthcare professions associations managed by the comitee of Regulated Health Professions;

- the FINESS file (national file of health and social service establishments) also managed by Drees of the Ministry for Health;

- the RAMSESE file (academic and ministerial list of educational establishments) managed by the appraisal, planning and performance department (Depp) of the Ministry for Education;

- the SIRENE register (National Enterprise and Establishment Register) managed by INSEE.

- RES (the census of sports facilities), created by the Ministry for Sports and related to sports and leisure facilities.

…and 14 centralised administrative files :

- the services open to the public of the Gendarmerie force like the proximity squads;

- hotels and camping sites' files used like database for Insee surveys about the frequency of visiting in hotels and camping sites;

- the police services like police stations or police branches

- the agricultural teaching establishments like agricultural secondary schools or agricultural apprentices;

- the main courts managed by the Ministry of law;

- the postal contacts points managed by the corporate La Poste;

- theaters, with and without label, stemming from the database of the ARTCENA ex-NCT (National Center of the Theater).

- Cinemas, including "arthouse", derived from the database managed by the CNC (National Film Centre);

- job center providing from the database of the public service of employment assistance;

- petrol stations resulting from file of the governmental database on fuel price  of the Ministry of Economy and finances ;

- airports extracted from the database of the General Directorate Civil Aviation (DGAC);

- Railway Passenger Stations from the database of the SNCF (French National Railway Company) ;

- Museums and conservatories from the database managed by the Ministry for Culture. The "child care institution" file comes from ;

- The « young child's institution »  file extract from CNAF (

For sources DGAC and SNCF, the general Commissionship in the sustainable development, the service of the observation and transmits them to the Insee for integration in the BPE.

Autres spécifications :

The permanent database of facilities (BPE) partly replaces the municipality inventory, last carried out in 1998. Although they are similar, the information in the BPE is updated every year and lists a much wider range of facilities (186 instead of 36) with the location of these facilities given much more precisely and the precise geographical coordinates are provided for some of them.

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