New enterprises information system 2018 

Sine 2018

Paru le :Paru le25/07/2024

Présentation statistique

Data description

Survey data from a sample of 80,000 business creators in the first half of 2018 (40,000 micro-entrepreneurs and 40,000 creators of "classic" businesses), interviewed three times: the year of creation, 3 years later and 5 years later. The questions concern the profile of the creators, the reasons for the creation, the aid received, the difficulties encountered, the type of activity, the evolution of the turnover, the evolution of employment.

Classification system

Legal category

Activity: NAF code

Sector coverage

Non-agricultural market sector, with the exception of certain activities (fund renters, holding companies, SCIs, etc.).

Statistical concepts and definitions

The questionnaire dealt with:

  • the profile of the creator and the conditions for the start-up of the enterprise;

  • the development of the enterprise's activity, type of clientele, cooperation with other enterprises;

  • changes to employee numbers (hiring, dismissals, occasional staff);

  • investments and their form of financing;

  • training and advice after start-up;

  • the difficulties encountered by the enterprise;

  • the enterprise's strategy;

  • the conditions for its development.

Statistical unit

legal unit identified by its SIREN code

Statistical population

The scope of the survey covers businesses created in the first half of 2018, with an effective date of creation in the SIRENE register between January 1, 2018 and June 30, 2018, and that have been in existence for at least one month.

The economic coverage of the SINE programme matches the businesses' demographic scope: all market

activities, excluding agricultural activities.

Note : Until the 2002 set, the SINE system only covered the "ICS" scope (Industry, the building industry, Trade and Services).

Time coverage

The 2018 cohort of new firms is surveyed three times: at the end of 2018, at the end of 2021, and at the end of 2023. Firms are thus followed during the first five years of activity. The Sine system has been in existence since 1994 and tracks one out of every four generations of businesses created. Since 2010, the population of micro-entrepreneurs (auto-entrepreneurs until 2014) is also surveyed.

Base period

1st semester 2018


The auto-entrepreneur status was renamed to micro-entrepreneur in 2018.

Addition of Mayotte in the geographical coverage.

Transfer of 16,044 units from the so-called "classic" business stream to the micro-entrepreneur stream