The perimeter of the civil service sends back to the legal persons and agencies involved in administrative law activities in which the recruitment is made on the basis of the public law.
Three civil services are distinguished: the central civil service, the local civil service and the hospital civil service.
The nature of each civil service leans essentially on the legal category of the employer.
There is a wider notion: civil employment, which sends back to an economic approach, used by national accounts. The civil employment records persons working on main title in government services (administrations, public agencies and private agencies financed mainly by total tax burden).