According to the International Labour Organization (ILO), an employed person is a person aged 15 years or older who have worked (for pay or profit for at least one hour during a given week or having a job from which being absent under conditions on the reason of absence (holidays, sick leave, maternity leave, etc.) or duration.
Employees, self-employed or family workers are covered. Illegal workers are included.
Persons who declare having a job from which they are absent are classified as employed if they are absent due to annual leave, maternity / paternity leave, working time arrangement, job-related training, short-time working (or technically unemployed), strike, bad weather, regardless the duration, sick leave if the duration is one year or less, parental leave or other unpaid leave if the duration is 3 months or less.