According to the International Labour Organization (ILO) definition, an unemployed person is a person aged 15 or over:
- without a job during a given week;
- available to start a job within the next two weeks;
- actively having sought employment at some time during the last four weeks or having already found a job that starts within the next three months.
Active search methods include studying job advertisements, asking friends, relatives or acquaintances, contacting Pôle emploi, etc. Being registered to Pôle emploi is not per se an active search method.