Wages in the State civil service
In 2013, a state civil service employee received an average net full-time equivalent wage of 2,469 euros per month; this average included all civilian employees, whether tenured or non-tenured, in the ministries and public institutions. Between 2012 and 2013, the average net wage increased by 0.1% in current euros. When inflation was taken into account (+0.9% in 2013), the average net wage of tenured civil servants and that of other employees fell back by 0.6% in constant euros. The overall average wage fell slightly more, due to a decrease in the share of tenured employees, who are, on average, better paid: -0.7% in constant euros (-0.8% excluding those on subsidised contracts). The median net wage stood at 2,260 euros per month in 2013. In constant euros, it decreased by 0.8% between 2012 and 2013. This downturn encompassed the entire range of net wages, apart from the first decile, where there was an increase of 0.2%. The last decile fell even more sharply (-1.0%). The wage gap between men and women continued to narrow slightly: in 2013, the net average wage for women was 14.7% lower than that for men (-14.8% in 2012). For those who were in place with the same employer in 2012 and 2013 and with the same work quota, which was the case for two thirds of civil servants, the average net wage increased by 0.5% in constant euros. The marked difference between this increase and the increase in the average net wage for all employees combined is due mainly, apart from the career effect, to an age effect associated with retirements, of which there were more in 2013.