Large enterprises carry greater economic weight in northern France, small enterprises in southern France
The new definition of “enterprise” yields a more accurate picture of the economy at local level. While large enterprises play a significant role in all regions, they carry the greatest weight in the Paris region (Île-de-France), in large cities, and in some historical industrial bastions. Intermediate-sized enterprises carry greater weight in northern regions. Small and medium-sized enterprises, which play a major role in local employment, cover a broad spectrum of the economy, from local service activities to consumer-goods industries. They are a particularly decisive presence in the island départements (e.g. Corsica). Micro-enterprises are primarily involved in the local economy and tourism. They carry greater weight in southern France and overseas départements (DOMs).