Communities census

Paru le :Paru le17/06/2024

Law n° 2002-276 of February 27, 2002 (articles 156 to 158) establishes the principles for conducting the census and disseminating the annual official population of every commune.

The decree of 26 June 2003 states that the collection of information from residents of communities is conducted by INSEE.

A community is a group of residential premises falling under the same managing authority and whose residents habitually share a common mode of living. The community's population includes :
1. the medium- or long-stay services of public or private health establishments, medium- and long-stay social establishments, retirement homes, homes and social residences or their equivalent,
2. religious communities,
3. military barracks, quarters, bases or camps or their equivalent,
4. establishments housing students,
5. prison establishments,
6. short-term social establishments,
7. various other collective accommodation structures.

The communities of census surveys complement housing census surveys. Together they allow to know the population of France, in its diversity and evolution. It provides statistics on inhabitants and their characteristics: composition by sexe and age, occupation, housing conditions, means of transportation, commuting to work, commuting to study, etc.

The results are used:
- by the administrative and local authorities to tailor collective facilities: child care centres, hospitals, schools, sports facilities, transport, etc. and to develop local policies;
- by public and private professionals to improve knowledge of housing stock;
- by companies to have precise data in order to improve knowledge of potential customers or labour availabilities in a given geographical sector;
- by associations, especially those that deal with healthcare, social, educational and cultural fields, in order to better adjust their actions to the needs of the population.

Since 2004, the census has been based on annual data collection, successively surveying all the municipal territories over a five-year period. This census, based on a rolling method, has replaced general population censuses: the last general census was conducted in 1999.

The first five census surveys were conducted from 2004 to 2008. They were used to produce the census results, dated 2006, i.e. the medium year.Since that time, every year, census results are based on the five most recent annual surveys: discarding the information from the oldest survey and taking into account the one of the new survey.

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