Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe since 2004Share
The survey of health, ageing and retirement in Europe (SHARE) is an international, multidisciplinary operation that was launched in 2002.
The purpose of the project is to analyse the economic and social effects of the ageing of the population in Europe relying on accurate individual data.
The survey particularly seeks to improve understanding of the health status of individuals aged 50 or more as well as their living conditions.
It examines interactions between economic, physiological, psychological and social factors. It allows comparative analyses between countries.
Wave 3 of SHARE, called Sharelife, conducted in 2008-2009, focused on the past life history of the wave 1 and wave 2 respondents.
This wave 3 aimed to improve the understanding of the interactions between health and past and present working conditions of individuals aged 50 or over. These interactions are part of the history of the many interventions of the various European welfare states (education, employment, health, social welfare and retirement policies).
Wave 4 (2010-2011), as wave 1 and wave 2, is a survey on the current situation of the respondents. It included a large refresher sample, which doubles the sample size and now covers the whole metropolitan France.
The SHARE survey (Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe) is conducted by a European network coordinated by the Research Institute for the Economics of Ageing (MEA) at the University of Munich (in Mannheim till July 2011) in Germany.
A first wave of surveys was conducted in 2004 in eleven European countries: Germany, Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Spain, Greece, Italy, the Netherlands, Sweden, Switzerland and France. In 2004, 12,000 households were surveyed in all of these countries.
In France and Belgium, an additional wave 1 survey was conducted in 2005.
In 2006, the date of the second wave, three new countries participated in the survey: Ireland, Poland and the Czech Republic. The survey then became a biennial panel.
In 2009, SHARELIFE was the third wave of SHARE, while Israel conducted a wave 1 survey.
In 2011, all former countries, except Greece conducted a wave 4; Estonia, Portugal, Slovenia and Hungary joined SHARE.
In 2001 SHARE became an ERIC (European Research Infrastructure Consortium); in the long-term, all the member countries of the European Union are expected to join the study, which is to be extended until 2024.
Type of operation
- Department of Demographic and Social Statistics