Housing survey in 2006

Sources
Dernière mise à jour le : 12/04/2017

Présentation de l'opération

Organisme producteur :

Insee. Direction des statistiques démographiques et sociales (DSDS)

Type d'opération :

Survey

Objectifs :

The purpose of the 2006 housing survey was to describe housing conditions of households and their housing expenditure.

Censuses do of course have the advantage of covering a larger sample but they do not provide information on rents, charges, financing plans, income, and many other features of French people's quality of housing (especially the most poorly housed) which are covered in detail in the housing survey.

It has many uses: structural data for projects, detailed study of sub-populations and modelling behaviours, short to medium term analyses or analyses in pseudo-panels based on chronological comparisons between successive surveys.

Thèmes abordés :

- the physical characteristics of the housing stock (size, sanitary facilities, heating, annexes);

- the quality of the dwelling: condition of the housing and the building, noise, aspect, location, environment, neighbourhood, security, quality of existing facilities (heating installation), use of clean energy;

- the legal measures for occupation of the dwelling (form and origin of ownership, rental legislation, State aid);

- difficulties in access to housing, household solvency, the workings of rental relationships;

- expenditure associated with housing (rents, rental or joint ownership charges, prices and borrowing for recently purchased dwellings, loan repayments for home ownership, repairs and maintenance) and benefits the occupants receive;

- resources received by the different members of the household;

- housing assets held by the household;

- household residential mobility, the opinion that households have of their housing and their possible desire to change;

- unusual accommodation situations for individuals in a household;

- the children of the reference person and/or his/her spouse living outside the parental home.

Champ de l'opération

Champ géographique :

Metropolitan France and overseas departments

Caractéristiques techniques

Unité statistique enquêtée :

Dwelling, individual

Périodicité de l'opération :

The latest surveys were conducted in 1988, 1992, 1996, 2001 and 2006.

Période et mode de collecte :

Data collection was by Capi (computer-assisted data collection) in 6 successive waves throughout 2006.

Historique :

The survey has been carried out since 1955.

Firstly carried out in metropolitan France, it was extended to the overseas departments from 2006 onwards.

Plan de sondage :

The survey sample, including the regional and local extensions, covers over 70,000 dwellings (about 60,000 in Metropolitan France and about 10,000 in the overseas departments).

It is based on unequal probability sampling using the master sample from the 1999 census, the new housing database completed since the census, the ZUS (Sensitive Urban Zones) database - and external survey databases (file of beneficiaries receiving housing allowance for property purchase, beneficiaries of LOCA-PASS arrangements: rental deposit assistance, etc.).

All in all, respondents to the 2006 housing survey covered about 43,000 dwellings.

Autres spécifications :

The scope of the survey covered only ordinary dwellings, excluding collective dwellings such as hostels, boarding schools or barracks, and mobile homes.

The 2006 questionnaire involved close collaboration between researchers, partners who had taken part in the 2002 survey (Housing Ministry, National Housing Agency, Centre for Economic Study and Research on Energy) and other actors in the world of housing (Low-cost housing Union, National Agency for Housing Information).

The 2006 survey included a new section on people's episodes of homelessness.

Some new questions were also added in 2006 on the quality of dwelling usage, tax exemption measures, the use of clean energy, performance of the heating installation, the existence of recovery procedures in cases of unpaid rent and the sale of low-cost housing to occupants.

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