Communities census

Sources
Dernière mise à jour le : 27/01/2016

Présentation de l'opération

Organisme producteur :

Insee. Direction des statistiques démographiques et sociales (DSDS)

Objectifs :

Law n° 2002-276 of February 27, 2002 (articles 156 to 158) establishes the principles for conducting the census and disseminating the annual official population of every commune.
The decree of 26 June 2003 states that the collection of information from residents of communities is conducted by INSEE.
A community is a group of residential premises falling under the same managing authority and whose residents habitually share a common mode of living. The community's population includes :
1. the medium- or long-stay services of public or private health establishments, medium- and long-stay social establishments, retirement homes, homes and social residences or their equivalent,
2. religious communities
3. military barracks, quarters, bases or camps or their equivalent,
4. establishments housing students,
5. prison establishments,
6. short-term social establishments
7. various other collective accommodation structures.

The communities of census surveys complement housing census surveys. Together they allow to know the population of France, in its diversity and evolution. It provides statistics on inhabitants and their characteristics: composition by sexe and age, occupation, housing conditions, means of transportation, commuting to work, commuting to study, etc.

The results are used:
- by the administrative and local authorities to tailor collective facilities: child care centres, hospitals, schools, sports facilities, transport, etc. and to develop local policies;
- by public and private professionals to improve knowledge of housing stock;
- by companies to have precise data in order to improve knowledge of potential customers or labour availabilities in a given geographical sector;
- by associations, especially those that deal with healthcare, social, educational and cultural fields, in order to better adjust their actions to the needs of the population.

Thèmes abordés :

The bulletin entitled communities individual questionnaire is a double-sided document constructed identically the Bulletin of individual people living in dwelling except one difference: the enumerated person is asked if he or she has a personal residence elsewhere.
The issues revolve around the age, place of birth, nationality, level of qualifications, place of residence the year before and occupation.
The "individual bulletin" questionnaire covers all persons usually living in the community.
A specific bulletin is used for persons detained in a penal institution.
People who live in company housing in a community meet the same questionnaires as those living in private housing (a housing folder and an individual bulletin). The "housing form" questionnaire features 15 questions relating to the characteristics and comfort of the dwelling as well as the household composition. A specific housing form exists for for overseas departments.

Champ de l'opération

Champ géographique :

The French census covers Metropolitan France, DOMs and the overseas collectivities of Saint-Barthélemy, Saint-Martin, and Saint-Pierre and Miquelon.
Mayotte and overseas communities of New Caledonia, French Polynesia and the Wallis and Futuna Islands carry out general censuses every five years.

Caractéristiques techniques

Unité statistique enquêtée :

People residing in Metropolitan France, DOMs and the overseas collectivities of Saint-Barthélemy, Saint-Martin and Saint-Pierre and Miquelon.

Périodicité de l'opération :

Census surveys are annual.
The census provids results based on information collected during the five most recent annual surveys.

Période et mode de collecte :

The communities census takes place every year in January and February. The collection is carried out by INSEE interviewers who visit establishments and organize the deposit and the withdrawal of the questionnaires.

Historique :

Since 2004, the census has been based on annual data collection, successively surveying all the municipal territories over a five-year period. This census, based on a rolling method, has replaced general population censuses: the last general census was conducted in 1999.
The first five census surveys were conducted from 2004 to 2008. They were used to produce the census results, dated 2006, i.e. the medium year.Since that time, every year, census results are based on the five most recent annual surveys: discarding the information from the oldest survey and taking into account the one of the new survey.

Plan de sondage :

The population census takes place each year :
- In 20% of the communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants.
- In a sample of 8% of the dwellings in the communes with more than 10,000 inhabitants.
In communes with less than 10,000 inhabitants, communities are listed exhaustively for the year concerned by the census of the commune.
In most communes of over 10,000 inhabitants, communities of all the entire commune are all listed the same year, once every five years. In 26 communes with over 10,000 inhabitants, the communities census is organized over several years (from two to five years).

Méthodologie :

The information thus collected is reduced on the same date for all communes to ensure equal treatment between them and to get good data reliability.

Autres spécifications :

The population census is subject to main use and complementary use.
The main operation provides results on the structure of the population, training and qualifications, travel and migration, situation towards employment.
Its complementary use provides results on occupations and occupational categories, economic business sectors and households' family structure.
In communities, it concerns one individual out of five.

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