Housing survey in 2013

Dernière mise à jour le : 12/04/2017

Présentation de l'opération

Organisme producteur :

Insee. Direction des statistiques démographiques et sociales (DSDS)

Type d'opération :


Objectifs :

The purpose of the housing survey is to describe housing conditions of households and their housing expenditure.
The survey complements the information provided by the census, which do not contain financial data : on rents, charges, financing plans, income. It also includes a more detailed description of the quality of the household habitat.
It has many uses: structural data for projects, detailed study of sub-populations and modelling behaviours, short to medium term analyses or analyses in pseudo-panels based on chronological comparisons between successive surveys.

Thèmes abordés :

- the physical characteristics of the housing stock (size, sanitary facilities, heating, annexes);
- the quality of the dwelling: condition of the housing and the building, noise, exposure, location, environment, neighbourhood, security, quality of existing facilities (heating installation), use of clean energy;
- the legal measures for occupation of the dwelling (form and origin of ownership, rental legislation, State aid);
- difficulties in access to housing, household solvency, the workings of rental relationships;
- expenditure associated with housing (rents, rental or joint ownership charges, prices and borrowing for recently purchased dwellings, loan repayments for home ownership, repairs and maintenance) and benefits the occupants receive;
- resources received by the different members of the household;
- housing assets held by the household;
- household residential mobility, the opinion that households have of their housing and their possible desire to change;
- unusual accommodation situations for individuals in a household, individual occupancy status ;
- the children of the reference person and/or his/her spouse living outside the parental home.

Champ de l'opération

Champ géographique :

Metropolitan France and overseas departments

Caractéristiques techniques

Unité statistique enquêtée :

housing, individuals

Périodicité de l'opération :

The latest surveys were conducted in 1988, 1992, 1996, 2001 and 2006. 

Période et mode de collecte :

Data collection was performed by Capi (computer-assisted data collection) from June 2013 to June 2014

Historique :

The survey has been carried out since 1955.
Firstly carried out in metropolitan France, it was extended to the overseas departments in 2006 and then to Mayotte in 2013.

Plan de sondage :

The survey sample, including the regional and local extensions, covers over 54,000 dwellings, including 51,000 out of Mayotte island (42,000 in Metropolitan France and 9,000 in the overseas departments) and 3,000 dwellings surveyed for the first time on Mayotte island.
Ordinary housing were drawn from the annual Census survey of the 2011.
Further samples were made :
- A subsample of new housing is also drawn in an external database.
- A specific sample complement for sensitive urban zones has been achieved. This extension was equivalent in size to the previous survey and contained 6,000 address files.
About 36, 000 households agreed to answer.

Autres spécifications :

The scope of the survey covered only ordinary dwellings, including sheltered accommodation for the aged, excluding collective dwellings such as hostels, boarding schools or barracks, and mobile homes.
The 2013 questionnaire involved close collaboration between researchers, partners and actors in the world of housing (the Ministry of Ecology, the French National Housing Agency, The Caisse des dépôts group,  the Centrefor Economic Studies and Research on Energy, the national social security office, the Directorate for Research, Studies, Evaluation and Statistics, the National Observatory of Poverty and Social Exclusion, the Secretary-Generalship of the InterMinisterial Committee to the Town).
In 2013, the survey was enriched with questions about the quality of use of the housing, the electrical heating appliances, the occupancy status of each individual living in the housing.

Voir aussi :