Entry into adult life (survey on) / EVA

Dernière mise à jour le : 16/12/2011

Présentation de l'opération

Organisme producteur :

Insee. Direction des statistiques démographiques et sociales (DSDS)

Type d'opération :


Objectifs :

The purpose of the survey on entry into adult life (EVA) is to question young people who have left the educational system on their entry into adult life and to consider their professional integration in the light of their educational track.

The appraisal, planning and performance department (Depp) of the Ministry for Education set up the panel which forms the basis for the survey (1995 Education Panel: pupils entering the first year of secondary education in 1995). The pupils who made up the panel were monitored throughout their secondary schooling then in higher education for those who passed their Baccalauréat.

Thèmes abordés :

Questions covered the studies they were following or the reason for giving up their studies (level achieved, administrative or financial problems), their professional situation (employment status, qualification, working time, size of company, unemployment, etc.) and living conditions (type of accommodation, resources, social life, difficulties encountered, etc.).

Champ de l'opération

Champ géographique :

Metropolitan France

Caractéristiques techniques

Unité statistique enquêtée :


Périodicité de l'opération :


Période et mode de collecte :

Data collection is by post in March, with reminders by post and by phone (except for the first year of the survey in May 2005).

Historique :

Since 1973, the Ministry for National Education has regularly set up panels of pupils so that their educational track could be observed longitudinally.

During the 1970s and 1980s, four panels of this type were put in place:

- 1973: monitoring 36,000 pupils in the first year of secondary education or in Special education sections (SES) for 11 years;

- 1978: monitoring 20,000 pupils in the first year of primary school for 7 years;

- 1980: monitoring 20,000 pupils in the first year of secondary education and SES for 10 years;

- 1989: monitoring 27,000 pupils in the first year of secondary education and SES.

At the start of the school year in 1995, pupils in the last group were reaching the end of their secondary school education.

In addition, it became necessary to put in place a new panel of secondary school pupils in order to observe the school tracks of middle school students who had been affected by the reforms introduced at the beginning of the 1990s. These young people made up the 1995 Education panel (pupils in the first year of secondary education in 1995). They were monitored throughout all of their secondary schooling.

From 2002, monitoring by questionnaire was put in place for young people who continued their studies into higher education. From 2005, in collaboration with the Depp, and the research, studies and statistics department (Dares) of the Ministry for Labour, INSEE began monitoring students who have completed their initial training.

At each data collection, the survey base includes young people who have already replied at least once during the previous waves of the EVA survey, and also those who have just completed their initial training.

Note that the annual files compiled from the EVA survey include both data collected by INSEE on those leaving their initial training and data collected by the DEPP on young people still studying, in secondary or higher education.

Plan de sondage :

The survey base is made up of pupils on the 1995 Education Panel (pupils in the first year of secondary education at the start of the 1995-1996 school year or in a general and adapted vocational teaching section - SES-SEGPA, in a public or private establishment).

It includes almost 18,000 pupils born on the 17th of a month, except March, July and October (survey rate about 1/40).

Every year, more and more individuals are interviewed as they gradually leave the educational system.

The 2005 EVA survey sample consisted of 5,500 persons.

In 2009, the questionnaire was sent to 9,500 young people (3,000 questioned for the first time and 6,500 who had responded to the survey at least once).

Autres spécifications :

An additional topic-based questionnaire may be sent to respondents.

For 2007, for example, a health questionnaire was sent out to those interviewed linked with their educational or professional track.