Civil register

Dernière mise à jour le : 24/01/2017

Présentation de l'opération

Organisme producteur :

Insee. Direction des statistiques démographiques et sociales (DSDS)

Type d'opération :

Administrative source

Objectifs :

All events concerning the civil register should be covered by an act drawn up in line with very precise rules, in a special format, by a person invested with the functions of civil registrar.

Each municipality has its own registry service. The mayor is the legal civil registrar.

The registrar must record all events which occur in his municipality (births, deaths, marriages).

In addition, certain events taking place elsewhere or recorded elsewhere in authentic acts or judgements should be transcribed into the municipal register (recording of any death certificate issued elsewhere concerning a person resident in the municipality, recording of acts of adoption) or mentioned in the margins of acts drawn up in the municipality (for example, the birth and marriage certificates of both parties should be mentioned in the margin of any divorce act).

Thèmes abordés :

Births, marriages, deaths

Champ de l'opération

Champ géographique :

Since 1998, the civil register covers Metropolitan France and 4 overseas departments (Guadeloupe, Martinique, Guyana, Reunion) as well as St Martin and St Barthelemy. Events recorded in St Pierre et Miquelon are also covered since 2007 for deaths and marriages and 2008 for births. Events recorded in Mayotte have been included since 2014.

Champ(s) statistique(s) couvert(s) :

The data held on the civil register is exhaustive

Caractéristiques techniques

Unité statistique enquêtée :

Events recorded in France (mainland, overseas departments) and some overseas territorial authorities

Périodicité de l'opération :

Events registered as they occur throughout the year, and compiled in annual files.

Période et mode de collecte :

The civil registrar must fill in a form entitled 'Statistical bulletin of the civil register' every time he adds an act to his register, and in certain cases also when he adds a marginal note to an existing act.

Each act bears an identifying number, issued sequentially between January 1st and December 31st of each year. This number is given on the statistical bulletin, ensuring that all bulletins are present.

There is a different bulletin for each type of civil event: transcription, marginal note, marriage, recognition, birth, stillborn child, death. There are also various details concerning each type of bulletin.

Some bulletins contain questions about information not given in the act or in any file attached to the act: the registrar must then ask the question to the person concerned directly (for example the date and place of marriage of the parents, for a legitimate birth).

Historique :

The civil register has existed since the French Revolution. Some data has been available since 1901.

Voir aussi :