Nationality refers to the belonging of a person to a State. It underlies both obligations and rights conferred to this person as to this State. In France, nationality can either be given in a mandatory manner to some people when they are born (thanks to jus soli, jus sanguinis) or be asked for.
French nationality can be the result :
- of attribution by filiation (jus sanguinis) or by birth in France (jus soli) ;
- of acquisition further to personal events (marriage to a French national, for example) or a decision by the French authorities (naturalisation)
French nationality is granted as a right from birth :
- to children, either legitimate or born outside marriage, of whom at least one of the parents is French (jus sanguinis) ;
- to children, either legitimate or born outside marriage, born in France when at least one of the parents was also born there (double jus soli).