Housing occupancy status


Dernière mise à jour le :13/10/2016


Occupancy status defines the legal situations of households concerning the occupancy of their main residence.

Three main statuses can be distinguished :

  • the status of owner applies to households who are owners, co-owners and becoming owners ;
  • the status of tenant and/or sub-tenant applies to households paying a rent, irrespective of the type of accommodation occupied ;
  • the status of free lodger applies to households which are not owners and which do not pay any rent.


Since 2004, households with a life tenancy to their main residence (by gift or by annuity sale, for example) are considered as being owners in the population census and housing survey. They were considered as being accommodated free of charge in previous censuses and surveys.