Indicators for monitoring sustainable development goals17 sustainable development goals
The UN General Assembly has adopted 17 sustainable development goals (SDG), subdivided into 169 targets for 2015-2030. They are to be monitored according to an initial list of 244 indicators.
These goals and targets make up a common roadmap for all States for the transition towards sustainable development. Consultation has begun, under the aegis of the National Council for Statistical Information (CNIS), to put forward appropriate indicators for monitoring implementation of the SDGs at national level.
To achieve this, statistical indicators already available at national level for the 244 international indicators, in an exact or approximate version, have been identified and collected within the Official Statistical Service (SSP), the Banque de France and the Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs.
INSEE, which coordinates the statistical work on the indicators for France, produced a leaflet on the SDGs monitoring.
Goal 6: Sustainable management of water for allIndicators for monitoring sustainable development goals
- Proportion of population connected to public water supply
- Proportion of population supplied with non-compliant water with respect to microbiological quality in more than 5% of analyses
- Proportion of population having neither a bath, nor a shower, nor indoor flushing toilet in their household
- Collective water sanitation
- Non collective water sanitation
- Quality of water courses and groundwater (Water Framework Directive)
- Change in pollution index for water courses (nitrates, orthophosphates) and pollution index for groundwater (nitrates)
- Water abstraction according to major uses
- Quantitative status of groundwater
- Proportion of territory covered by a master plan for the development and management of water resources
- Proportion of cross-border river basins where operational cooperation measures are in place (Water Framework Directive)
- Total net amount of public development aid in the Water Distribution and Sanitation sector
- Proportion of surface area of territory covered by a master plan for the development and management of water resources
In September 2015, the UN General Assembly adopted the 2030 Agenda establishing 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) and 169 targets for 2015-2030. There are three main objectives: to fight inequality, exclusion and injustice; to tackle climate change, and to wipe out poverty. These goals and targets are not legally binding on States but merely form a common roadmap for the transition towards sustainable development.
In March 2017, the United Nations Statistical Commission approved a list of 244 indicators relating to the sustainable development goals and targets to be achieved by 2030. This framework of indicators, intended primarily for monitoring the SDGs worldwide, will be revised in 2020 and 2025 in order to take methodological developments and production capacities into account.
Every year, the UN Secretary General will prepare an annual report on progress with a global overview of the SDGs. States are also invited to produce national reports, which will focus on their own national monitoring indicators.
In France, the Ministry of Ecological and Solidarity Transition and the Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs coordinate and support the implementation of the SDGs.
In addition to this political guidance, INSEE coordinates statistical work on indicators for national monitoring. It is also part of the Inter-Agency and Expert Group on Sustainable Devlopment Goal (IAEG-SDGs), which ensures the selection and implementation of international indicators.
At national level, in conjunction with the publication by the French General Commission for Sustainable Development of a report on the SDGs in 2016, INSEE carried out a census of producers of official statistics to gauge the feasibility and availability of the statistical indicators in France.
As a result of this census, an initial list was produced of indicators available at national level, in an exact or approximate version of the indicators required at international level.
Consultation has begun under the aegis of the CNIS to select the relevant indicators for monitoring SDG implementation at national level and to propose additional indicators where necessary.
Pour en savoir plus
Sustainable Development Goals of the French Ministry of of Ecological and Solidarity Transition.