Indicators for monitoring sustainable development goals17 sustainable development goals
The UN General Assembly has adopted 17 sustainable development goals (SDG), subdivided into 169 targets for 2015-2030. They are to be monitored according to an initial list of 244 indicators.
These goals and targets make up a common roadmap for all States for the transition towards sustainable development. Consultation has begun, under the aegis of the National Council for Statistical Information (CNIS), to put forward appropriate indicators for monitoring implementation of the SDGs at national level.
To achieve this, statistical indicators already available at national level for the 244 international indicators, in an exact or approximate version, have been identified and collected within the Official Statistical Service (SSP), the Banque de France and the Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs.
INSEE, which coordinates the statistical work on the indicators for France, produced a leaflet on the SDGs monitoring.
Goal 9: Resilient infrastructure and innovationIndicators for monitoring sustainable development goals
- Modal share of public passenger transport (excluding air) in domestic land passenger transport
- Modal share of non-road transport of goods in domestic land transport of goods
- Manufacturing value added
- Salaried headcount in manufacturing industry sector
- Value added excluding taxes in the manufacturing industry by company size
- CO2 emissions (excluding CO2 emitted from biomass) in relation to GDP (expressed in purchasing power parity for 2012 in millions $US)
- Domestic expenditure on R&D as % of GDP (research effort)
- Research staff (researchers and support staff) in full-time equivalent
- Total amount of public development aid in the Infrastructure and Economic services sector
- Subscribers to mobile networks
In September 2015, the UN General Assembly adopted the 2030 Agenda establishing 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) and 169 targets for 2015-2030. There are three main objectives: to fight inequality, exclusion and injustice; to tackle climate change, and to wipe out poverty. These goals and targets are not legally binding on States but merely form a common roadmap for the transition towards sustainable development.
In March 2017, the United Nations Statistical Commission approved a list of 244 indicators relating to the sustainable development goals and targets to be achieved by 2030. This framework of indicators, intended primarily for monitoring the SDGs worldwide, will be revised in 2020 and 2025 in order to take methodological developments and production capacities into account.
Every year, the UN Secretary General will prepare an annual report on progress with a global overview of the SDGs. States are also invited to produce national reports, which will focus on their own national monitoring indicators.
In France, the Ministry of Ecological and Solidarity Transition and the Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs coordinate and support the implementation of the SDGs.
In addition to this political guidance, INSEE coordinates statistical work on indicators for national monitoring. It is also part of the Inter-Agency and Expert Group on Sustainable Devlopment Goal (IAEG-SDGs), which ensures the selection and implementation of international indicators.
At national level, in conjunction with the publication by the French General Commission for Sustainable Development of a report on the SDGs in 2016, INSEE carried out a census of producers of official statistics to gauge the feasibility and availability of the statistical indicators in France.
As a result of this census, an initial list was produced of indicators available at national level, in an exact or approximate version of the indicators required at international level.
Consultation has begun under the aegis of the CNIS to select the relevant indicators for monitoring SDG implementation at national level and to propose additional indicators where necessary.
Pour en savoir plus
Sustainable Development Goals of the French Ministry of of Ecological and Solidarity Transition.